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2nd Branchial Cleft Cyst
Eunice Y. L. Dai, MBBS, FRCR; H. Y. Yuen, MBChB, FRCR; Anil T. Ahuja, MD, FRCR
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KEY FACTS

  • Imaging

    • Top Differential Diagnoses

      • Diagnostic Checklist

        TERMINOLOGY

        • Abbreviations

          • Branchial cleft cyst (BCC)
        • Synonyms

          • 2nd branchial cleft remnant or branchial cleft anomaly
        • Definitions

          • Cystic remnant related to developmental alterations of 2nd branchial apparatus
            • 2nd branchial remnants may be fistula, sinus, or cyst or any combination of these

        IMAGING

        • Ultrasonographic Findings

          • CT Findings

            • MR Findings

              • General Features

                • Imaging Recommendations

                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                    PATHOLOGY

                    • General Features

                      • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                        • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                          • Microscopic Features

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Demographics

                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                  • Treatment

                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                    • Consider

                                      • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                        Selected References

                                        1. Bansal AG et al: US of pediatric superficial masses of the head and neck. Radiographics. 38(4):1239-63, 2018
                                        2. Adams A et al: Branchial cleft anomalies: a pictorial review of embryological development and spectrum of imaging findings. Insights Imaging. 7(1):69-76, 2016
                                        3. Ahuja AT et al: Diagnostic Imaging: Ultrasound. 1st ed. Salt Lake City: Amirsys, Inc. 11-98-101, 2007
                                        4. Ahuja AT et al: Second branchial cleft cysts: variability of sonographic appearances in adult cases. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 21(2):315-9, 2000
                                        5. Ahuja A et al: Solitary cystic nodal metastasis from occult papillary carcinoma of the thyroid mimicking a branchial cyst: a potential pitfall. Clin Radiol. 53(1):61-3, 1998
                                        6. Harnsberger HR et al: Branchial cleft anomalies and their mimics: computed tomographic evaluation. Radiology. 152(3):739-48, 1984
                                        Related Anatomy
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                                        Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                        References
                                        Tables

                                        Tables

                                        KEY FACTS

                                        • Imaging

                                          • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                            • Diagnostic Checklist

                                              TERMINOLOGY

                                              • Abbreviations

                                                • Branchial cleft cyst (BCC)
                                              • Synonyms

                                                • 2nd branchial cleft remnant or branchial cleft anomaly
                                              • Definitions

                                                • Cystic remnant related to developmental alterations of 2nd branchial apparatus
                                                  • 2nd branchial remnants may be fistula, sinus, or cyst or any combination of these

                                              IMAGING

                                              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                • CT Findings

                                                  • MR Findings

                                                    • General Features

                                                      • Imaging Recommendations

                                                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                          PATHOLOGY

                                                          • General Features

                                                            • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                              • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                • Microscopic Features

                                                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                  • Presentation

                                                                    • Demographics

                                                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                        • Treatment

                                                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                          • Consider

                                                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                              Selected References

                                                                              1. Bansal AG et al: US of pediatric superficial masses of the head and neck. Radiographics. 38(4):1239-63, 2018
                                                                              2. Adams A et al: Branchial cleft anomalies: a pictorial review of embryological development and spectrum of imaging findings. Insights Imaging. 7(1):69-76, 2016
                                                                              3. Ahuja AT et al: Diagnostic Imaging: Ultrasound. 1st ed. Salt Lake City: Amirsys, Inc. 11-98-101, 2007
                                                                              4. Ahuja AT et al: Second branchial cleft cysts: variability of sonographic appearances in adult cases. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 21(2):315-9, 2000
                                                                              5. Ahuja A et al: Solitary cystic nodal metastasis from occult papillary carcinoma of the thyroid mimicking a branchial cyst: a potential pitfall. Clin Radiol. 53(1):61-3, 1998
                                                                              6. Harnsberger HR et al: Branchial cleft anomalies and their mimics: computed tomographic evaluation. Radiology. 152(3):739-48, 1984