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Abdominal Wall Hernia
Tara A. Morgan, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Diagnostic Checklist

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Definitions

            • Hernia: Weakness or defect in fibromuscular wall with protrusion of organ/part of organ through defect
              • Reducible: Recedes spontaneously or with external pressure (manual or transducer)
              • Incarcerated: Nonreducible
              • Strangulated: Compromised vascular supply

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Ultrasonographic Findings

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Imaging Recommendations

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                        • Presentation

                          • Demographics

                            • Natural History & Prognosis

                              • Treatment

                                DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                • Consider

                                  • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                    Selected References

                                    1. Draghi F et al: Abdominal wall sonography: a pictorial review. J Ultrasound. 23(3):265-78, 2020
                                    2. Murphy KP et al: Adult abdominal hernias. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 202(6):W506-11, 2014
                                    3. Arend CF: Static and dynamic sonography for diagnosis of abdominal wall hernias. J Ultrasound Med. 32(7):1251-9, 2013
                                    4. Lee RK et al: Ultrasound of the abdominal wall and groin. Can Assoc Radiol J. 64(4):295-305, 2013
                                    5. Stavros AT et al: Dynamic ultrasound of hernias of the groin and anterior abdominal wall. Ultrasound Q. 26(3):135-69, 2010
                                    6. Muysoms FE et al: Classification of primary and incisional abdominal wall hernias. Hernia. 13(4):407-14, 2009
                                    Related Anatomy
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                                    Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                    References
                                    Tables

                                    Tables

                                    KEY FACTS

                                    • Terminology

                                      • Imaging

                                        • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                          • Diagnostic Checklist

                                            TERMINOLOGY

                                            • Definitions

                                              • Hernia: Weakness or defect in fibromuscular wall with protrusion of organ/part of organ through defect
                                                • Reducible: Recedes spontaneously or with external pressure (manual or transducer)
                                                • Incarcerated: Nonreducible
                                                • Strangulated: Compromised vascular supply

                                            IMAGING

                                            • General Features

                                              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                • CT Findings

                                                  • MR Findings

                                                    • Imaging Recommendations

                                                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                        PATHOLOGY

                                                        • General Features

                                                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                          • Presentation

                                                            • Demographics

                                                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                • Treatment

                                                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                  • Consider

                                                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                      Selected References

                                                                      1. Draghi F et al: Abdominal wall sonography: a pictorial review. J Ultrasound. 23(3):265-78, 2020
                                                                      2. Murphy KP et al: Adult abdominal hernias. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 202(6):W506-11, 2014
                                                                      3. Arend CF: Static and dynamic sonography for diagnosis of abdominal wall hernias. J Ultrasound Med. 32(7):1251-9, 2013
                                                                      4. Lee RK et al: Ultrasound of the abdominal wall and groin. Can Assoc Radiol J. 64(4):295-305, 2013
                                                                      5. Stavros AT et al: Dynamic ultrasound of hernias of the groin and anterior abdominal wall. Ultrasound Q. 26(3):135-69, 2010
                                                                      6. Muysoms FE et al: Classification of primary and incisional abdominal wall hernias. Hernia. 13(4):407-14, 2009