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Abnormal Cardiac Axis
Anne Kennedy, MD
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DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

    ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

    • Key Differential Diagnosis Issues

      • Helpful Clues for Common Diagnoses

        • Helpful Clues for Less Common Diagnoses

          • Helpful Clues for Rare Diagnoses

            • Other Essential Information

              Selected References

              1. Jung YJ et al: Efficacy of fetal cardiac axis evaluation in the first trimester as a screening tool for congenital heart defect or aneuploidy. Obstet Gynecol Sci. 63(3):278-85, 2020
              2. Tuzovic L et al: Utility of fetal cardiac axis and cardiac position assessment in predicting neonatal respiratory morbidity in fetal congenital lung lesions. J Ultrasound Med. 38(9):2361-72, 2019
              3. Zheng MM et al: Contribution of the fetal cardiac axis and V-sign angle in first-trimester screening for major cardiac defects. J Ultrasound Med. 38(5):1179-87, 2019
              4. Adekola H et al: Fetal cardiac axis in non-anomalous pregnancies: does fetal gender or maternal body mass index (BMI) matter? J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 1-6, 2015
              5. Sinkovskaya ES et al: Fetal cardiac axis and congenital heart defects in early gestation. Obstet Gynecol. 125(2):453-60, 2015
              6. McBrien A et al: Changes in fetal cardiac axis between 8 and 15 weeks' gestation. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 42(6):653-8, 2013
              Related Anatomy
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              Related Differential Diagnoses
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              References
              Tables

              Tables

              DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

                • Key Differential Diagnosis Issues

                  • Helpful Clues for Common Diagnoses

                    • Helpful Clues for Less Common Diagnoses

                      • Helpful Clues for Rare Diagnoses

                        • Other Essential Information

                          Selected References

                          1. Jung YJ et al: Efficacy of fetal cardiac axis evaluation in the first trimester as a screening tool for congenital heart defect or aneuploidy. Obstet Gynecol Sci. 63(3):278-85, 2020
                          2. Tuzovic L et al: Utility of fetal cardiac axis and cardiac position assessment in predicting neonatal respiratory morbidity in fetal congenital lung lesions. J Ultrasound Med. 38(9):2361-72, 2019
                          3. Zheng MM et al: Contribution of the fetal cardiac axis and V-sign angle in first-trimester screening for major cardiac defects. J Ultrasound Med. 38(5):1179-87, 2019
                          4. Adekola H et al: Fetal cardiac axis in non-anomalous pregnancies: does fetal gender or maternal body mass index (BMI) matter? J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 1-6, 2015
                          5. Sinkovskaya ES et al: Fetal cardiac axis and congenital heart defects in early gestation. Obstet Gynecol. 125(2):453-60, 2015
                          6. McBrien A et al: Changes in fetal cardiac axis between 8 and 15 weeks' gestation. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 42(6):653-8, 2013