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Absence of the Pericardium
Brett W. Carter, MD, CPPS
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Definitions

                • Congenital absence of pericardium; may be partial or complete

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • Radiographic Findings

                  • CT Findings

                    • MR Findings

                      • Echocardiographic Findings

                        • Imaging Recommendations

                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                            PATHOLOGY

                            • General Features

                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                              • Presentation

                                • Demographics

                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                    • Treatment

                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                      • Consider

                                        Selected References

                                        1. Fadl SA et al: Comprehensive review of pericardial diseases using different imaging modalities. Int J Cardiovasc Imaging. 36(5):947-69, 2020
                                        2. Chetrit M et al: Multimodality imaging for the assessment of pericardial diseases. Curr Cardiol Rep. 21(5):41, 2019
                                        3. Lopez D et al: Congenital absence of the pericardium. Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 59(4):398-406, 2017
                                        4. Parmar YJ et al: Congenital abnormalities of the pericardium. Cardiol Clin. 35(4):601-14, 2017
                                        5. Shah AB et al: Congenital defects of the pericardium: a review. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 16(8):821-7, 2015
                                        6. Kim HJ et al: Congenital absence of the pericardium. J Cardiovasc Ultrasound. 22(1):36-9, 2014
                                        7. Psychidis-Papakyritsis P et al: Functional MRI of congenital absence of the pericardium. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 189(6):W312-4, 2007
                                        8. Abbas AE et al: Congenital absence of the pericardium: case presentation and review of literature. Int J Cardiol. 98(1):21-5, 2005
                                        9. Yamano T et al: Magnetic resonance imaging differentiated partial from complete absence of the left pericardium in a case of leftward displacement of the heart. Circ J. 68(4):385-8, 2004
                                        10. Connolly HM et al: Congenital absence of the pericardium: echocardiography as a diagnostic tool. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 8(1):87-92, 1995
                                        Related Anatomy
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                                        Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                        References
                                        Tables

                                        Tables

                                        KEY FACTS

                                        • Terminology

                                          • Imaging

                                            • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                              • Pathology

                                                • Clinical Issues

                                                  • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                    TERMINOLOGY

                                                    • Definitions

                                                      • Congenital absence of pericardium; may be partial or complete

                                                    IMAGING

                                                    • General Features

                                                      • Radiographic Findings

                                                        • CT Findings

                                                          • MR Findings

                                                            • Echocardiographic Findings

                                                              • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                  PATHOLOGY

                                                                  • General Features

                                                                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                    • Presentation

                                                                      • Demographics

                                                                        • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                          • Treatment

                                                                            DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                            • Consider

                                                                              Selected References

                                                                              1. Fadl SA et al: Comprehensive review of pericardial diseases using different imaging modalities. Int J Cardiovasc Imaging. 36(5):947-69, 2020
                                                                              2. Chetrit M et al: Multimodality imaging for the assessment of pericardial diseases. Curr Cardiol Rep. 21(5):41, 2019
                                                                              3. Lopez D et al: Congenital absence of the pericardium. Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 59(4):398-406, 2017
                                                                              4. Parmar YJ et al: Congenital abnormalities of the pericardium. Cardiol Clin. 35(4):601-14, 2017
                                                                              5. Shah AB et al: Congenital defects of the pericardium: a review. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 16(8):821-7, 2015
                                                                              6. Kim HJ et al: Congenital absence of the pericardium. J Cardiovasc Ultrasound. 22(1):36-9, 2014
                                                                              7. Psychidis-Papakyritsis P et al: Functional MRI of congenital absence of the pericardium. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 189(6):W312-4, 2007
                                                                              8. Abbas AE et al: Congenital absence of the pericardium: case presentation and review of literature. Int J Cardiol. 98(1):21-5, 2005
                                                                              9. Yamano T et al: Magnetic resonance imaging differentiated partial from complete absence of the left pericardium in a case of leftward displacement of the heart. Circ J. 68(4):385-8, 2004
                                                                              10. Connolly HM et al: Congenital absence of the pericardium: echocardiography as a diagnostic tool. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 8(1):87-92, 1995