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Absent Pericardium
Suhny Abbara, MD, FACR, FSCCT; Cameron Hassani, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Definitions

              • Congenital absence of pericardium; may be partial or complete right, complete left, or complete

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Radiographic Findings

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Echocardiographic Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                              • Presentation

                                • Demographics

                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                    • Treatment

                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                      • Consider

                                        Selected References

                                        1. Lopez D et al: Congenital absence of the pericardium. Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 59(4):398-406, 2017
                                        2. Shah AB et al: Congenital defects of the pericardium: a review. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 16(8):821-7, 2015
                                        3. Alpert JB et al: Imaging the post-thoracotomy patient: anatomic changes and postoperative complications. Radiol Clin North Am. 52(1):85-103, 2014
                                        4. Psychidis-Papakyritsis P et al: Functional MRI of congenital absence of the pericardium. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 189(6):W312-4, 2007
                                        5. Abbas AE et al: Congenital absence of the pericardium: case presentation and review of literature. Int J Cardiol. 98(1):21-5, 2005
                                        6. Yamano T et al: Magnetic resonance imaging differentiated partial from complete absence of the left pericardium in a case of leftward displacement of the heart. Circ J. 68(4):385-8, 2004
                                        7. Connolly HM et al: Congenital absence of the pericardium: echocardiography as a diagnostic tool. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 8(1):87-92, 1995
                                        Related Anatomy
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                                        Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                        References
                                        Tables

                                        Tables

                                        KEY FACTS

                                        • Terminology

                                          • Imaging

                                            • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                              • Pathology

                                                • Clinical Issues

                                                  TERMINOLOGY

                                                  • Definitions

                                                    • Congenital absence of pericardium; may be partial or complete right, complete left, or complete

                                                  IMAGING

                                                  • General Features

                                                    • Radiographic Findings

                                                      • CT Findings

                                                        • MR Findings

                                                          • Echocardiographic Findings

                                                            • Imaging Recommendations

                                                              DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                PATHOLOGY

                                                                • General Features

                                                                  • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                    • Presentation

                                                                      • Demographics

                                                                        • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                          • Treatment

                                                                            DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                            • Consider

                                                                              Selected References

                                                                              1. Lopez D et al: Congenital absence of the pericardium. Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 59(4):398-406, 2017
                                                                              2. Shah AB et al: Congenital defects of the pericardium: a review. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 16(8):821-7, 2015
                                                                              3. Alpert JB et al: Imaging the post-thoracotomy patient: anatomic changes and postoperative complications. Radiol Clin North Am. 52(1):85-103, 2014
                                                                              4. Psychidis-Papakyritsis P et al: Functional MRI of congenital absence of the pericardium. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 189(6):W312-4, 2007
                                                                              5. Abbas AE et al: Congenital absence of the pericardium: case presentation and review of literature. Int J Cardiol. 98(1):21-5, 2005
                                                                              6. Yamano T et al: Magnetic resonance imaging differentiated partial from complete absence of the left pericardium in a case of leftward displacement of the heart. Circ J. 68(4):385-8, 2004
                                                                              7. Connolly HM et al: Congenital absence of the pericardium: echocardiography as a diagnostic tool. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 8(1):87-92, 1995