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Acalculous Cholecystitis
Siva P. Raman, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Imaging

    • Top Differential Diagnoses

      • Pathology

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Definitions

            • Acute inflammation of gallbladder (GB) unrelated to gallstones

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Ultrasonographic Findings

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                    • Imaging Recommendations

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Demographics

                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                  • Treatment

                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                    • Consider

                                      Selected References

                                      1. Atar E et al: Percutaneous cholecystostomy in critically ill patients with acute cholecystitis: complications and late outcome. Clin Radiol. 69(6):e247-52, 2014
                                      2. Knab LM et al: Cholecystitis. Surg Clin North Am. 94(2):455-70, 2014
                                      3. Seyal AR et al: Cross-sectional imaging of perforated gallbladder. Abdom Imaging. 39(4):853-74, 2014
                                      4. Kaura SH et al: Comparison of CT and MRI findings in the differentiation of acute from chronic cholecystitis. Clin Imaging. 37(4):687-91, 2013
                                      5. Patel NB et al: Multidetector CT of emergent biliary pathologic conditions. Radiographics. 33(7):1867-88, 2013
                                      6. Soyer P et al: Acute cholecystitis: quantitative and qualitative evaluation with 64-section helical CT. Acta Radiol. 54(5):477-486, 2013
                                      7. Crichlow L et al: Acute acalculous cholecystitis after gastrointestinal surgery. Am Surg. 78(2):220-4, 2012
                                      8. Tonolini M et al: Urgent MRI with MR cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) of acute cholecystitis and related complications: diagnostic role and spectrum of imaging findings. Emerg Radiol. 19(4):341-8, 2012
                                      9. Tulchinsky M et al: Hepatobiliary scintigraphy in acute cholecystitis. Semin Nucl Med. 42(2):84-100, 2012
                                      10. Barie PS et al: Acute acalculous cholecystitis. Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 39(2):343-57, x, 2010
                                      11. Huffman JL et al: Acute acalculous cholecystitis: a review. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 8(1):15-22, 2010
                                      12. Shakespear JS et al: CT findings of acute cholecystitis and its complications. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 194(6):1523-9, 2010
                                      13. Catalano OA et al: MR imaging of the gallbladder: a pictorial essay. Radiographics. 28(1):135-55; quiz 324, 2008
                                      14. Batey A et al: Acalculous cholecystitis. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 5(3):e8, 2007
                                      15. Ananian C et al: Scintigraphic gallbladder visualization with gangrenous acalculous cholecystitis. Clin Nucl Med. 31(11):701-3, 2006
                                      16. Hanbidge AE et al: From the RSNA refresher courses: imaging evaluation for acute pain in the right upper quadrant. Radiographics. 24(4):1117-35, 2004
                                      17. Barie PS et al: Acute acalculous cholecystitis. Curr Gastroenterol Rep. 5(4):302-9, 2003
                                      18. Menu Y et al: Non-traumatic abdominal emergencies: imaging and intervention in acute biliary conditions. Eur Radiol. 12(10):2397-406, 2002
                                      19. Vogt DP: Gallbladder disease: an update on diagnosis and treatment. Cleve Clin J Med. 69(12):977-84, 2002
                                      20. Boland GW et al: Prevalence and significance of gallbladder abnormalities seen on sonography in intensive care unit patients. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 174(4):973-7, 2000
                                      21. Parithivel VS et al: Acute acalculous cholecystitis in young patients without predisposing factors. Am Surg. 65(4):366-8, 1999
                                      22. Ott DJ: Acalculous gallbladder disease: a controversial entity and imaging dilemma revisited. Am J Gastroenterol. 93(7):1181-3, 1998
                                      23. Babb RR: Acute acalculous cholecystitis. A review. J Clin Gastroenterol. 15(3):238-41, 1992
                                      Related Anatomy
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                                      Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                      References
                                      Tables

                                      Tables

                                      KEY FACTS

                                      • Imaging

                                        • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                          • Pathology

                                            • Clinical Issues

                                              TERMINOLOGY

                                              • Definitions

                                                • Acute inflammation of gallbladder (GB) unrelated to gallstones

                                              IMAGING

                                              • General Features

                                                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                  • CT Findings

                                                    • MR Findings

                                                      • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                        • Imaging Recommendations

                                                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                            PATHOLOGY

                                                            • General Features

                                                              • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                • Presentation

                                                                  • Demographics

                                                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                      • Treatment

                                                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                        • Consider

                                                                          Selected References

                                                                          1. Atar E et al: Percutaneous cholecystostomy in critically ill patients with acute cholecystitis: complications and late outcome. Clin Radiol. 69(6):e247-52, 2014
                                                                          2. Knab LM et al: Cholecystitis. Surg Clin North Am. 94(2):455-70, 2014
                                                                          3. Seyal AR et al: Cross-sectional imaging of perforated gallbladder. Abdom Imaging. 39(4):853-74, 2014
                                                                          4. Kaura SH et al: Comparison of CT and MRI findings in the differentiation of acute from chronic cholecystitis. Clin Imaging. 37(4):687-91, 2013
                                                                          5. Patel NB et al: Multidetector CT of emergent biliary pathologic conditions. Radiographics. 33(7):1867-88, 2013
                                                                          6. Soyer P et al: Acute cholecystitis: quantitative and qualitative evaluation with 64-section helical CT. Acta Radiol. 54(5):477-486, 2013
                                                                          7. Crichlow L et al: Acute acalculous cholecystitis after gastrointestinal surgery. Am Surg. 78(2):220-4, 2012
                                                                          8. Tonolini M et al: Urgent MRI with MR cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) of acute cholecystitis and related complications: diagnostic role and spectrum of imaging findings. Emerg Radiol. 19(4):341-8, 2012
                                                                          9. Tulchinsky M et al: Hepatobiliary scintigraphy in acute cholecystitis. Semin Nucl Med. 42(2):84-100, 2012
                                                                          10. Barie PS et al: Acute acalculous cholecystitis. Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 39(2):343-57, x, 2010
                                                                          11. Huffman JL et al: Acute acalculous cholecystitis: a review. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 8(1):15-22, 2010
                                                                          12. Shakespear JS et al: CT findings of acute cholecystitis and its complications. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 194(6):1523-9, 2010
                                                                          13. Catalano OA et al: MR imaging of the gallbladder: a pictorial essay. Radiographics. 28(1):135-55; quiz 324, 2008
                                                                          14. Batey A et al: Acalculous cholecystitis. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 5(3):e8, 2007
                                                                          15. Ananian C et al: Scintigraphic gallbladder visualization with gangrenous acalculous cholecystitis. Clin Nucl Med. 31(11):701-3, 2006
                                                                          16. Hanbidge AE et al: From the RSNA refresher courses: imaging evaluation for acute pain in the right upper quadrant. Radiographics. 24(4):1117-35, 2004
                                                                          17. Barie PS et al: Acute acalculous cholecystitis. Curr Gastroenterol Rep. 5(4):302-9, 2003
                                                                          18. Menu Y et al: Non-traumatic abdominal emergencies: imaging and intervention in acute biliary conditions. Eur Radiol. 12(10):2397-406, 2002
                                                                          19. Vogt DP: Gallbladder disease: an update on diagnosis and treatment. Cleve Clin J Med. 69(12):977-84, 2002
                                                                          20. Boland GW et al: Prevalence and significance of gallbladder abnormalities seen on sonography in intensive care unit patients. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 174(4):973-7, 2000
                                                                          21. Parithivel VS et al: Acute acalculous cholecystitis in young patients without predisposing factors. Am Surg. 65(4):366-8, 1999
                                                                          22. Ott DJ: Acalculous gallbladder disease: a controversial entity and imaging dilemma revisited. Am J Gastroenterol. 93(7):1181-3, 1998
                                                                          23. Babb RR: Acute acalculous cholecystitis. A review. J Clin Gastroenterol. 15(3):238-41, 1992