link
Bookmarks
Acquired CMV
Miral D. Jhaveri, MD; Yoshimi Anzai, MD, MPH
To access 4,300 diagnoses written by the world's leading experts in radiology, please log in or subscribe.Log inSubscribe
0
1
6
0

KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Abbreviations

            • Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection
          • Definitions

            • Acquired CNS infections: Meningitis, encephalitis, ventriculitis, retinitis, polyradiculopathy, myelitis
            • Primary CMV infection: Generally asymptomatic in healthy adults
            • Immunocompromised (AIDS, organ transplant) patients at risk → reactivation of previously silent infection

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Imaging Recommendations

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                    PATHOLOGY

                    • General Features

                      • Microscopic Features

                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                        • Presentation

                          • Demographics

                            • Natural History & Prognosis

                              • Treatment

                                Selected References

                                1. Bilgrami M et al: Neurologic diseases in HIV-infected patients. Handb Clin Neurol. 121:1321-44, 2014
                                2. Silva CA et al: Neurologic cytomegalovirus complications in patients with AIDS: retrospective review of 13 cases and review of the literature. Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo. 52(6):305-10, 2010
                                3. Pirskanen-Matell R et al: Impairment of short-term memory and Korsakoff syndrome are common in AIDS patients with cytomegalovirus encephalitis. Eur J Neurol. 16(1):48-53, 2009
                                4. Rafailidis PI et al: Severe cytomegalovirus infection in apparently immunocompetent patients: a systematic review. Virol J. 5:47, 2008
                                5. Miller RF et al: Comparison of magnetic resonance imaging with neuropathological findings in the diagnosis of HIV and CMV associated CNS disease in AIDS. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 62(4):346-51, 1997
                                6. Holland NR et al: Cytomegalovirus encephalitis in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Neurology. 44(3 Pt 1):507-14, 1994
                                7. Balakrishnan J et al: Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: correlation of radiologic and pathologic findings in the brain. Radiographics. 10(2):201-15, 1990
                                Related Anatomy
                                Loading...
                                Related Differential Diagnoses
                                Loading...
                                References
                                Tables

                                Tables

                                KEY FACTS

                                • Terminology

                                  • Imaging

                                    • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                      • Clinical Issues

                                        TERMINOLOGY

                                        • Abbreviations

                                          • Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection
                                        • Definitions

                                          • Acquired CNS infections: Meningitis, encephalitis, ventriculitis, retinitis, polyradiculopathy, myelitis
                                          • Primary CMV infection: Generally asymptomatic in healthy adults
                                          • Immunocompromised (AIDS, organ transplant) patients at risk → reactivation of previously silent infection

                                        IMAGING

                                        • General Features

                                          • Imaging Recommendations

                                            • CT Findings

                                              • MR Findings

                                                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                  PATHOLOGY

                                                  • General Features

                                                    • Microscopic Features

                                                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                      • Presentation

                                                        • Demographics

                                                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                            • Treatment

                                                              Selected References

                                                              1. Bilgrami M et al: Neurologic diseases in HIV-infected patients. Handb Clin Neurol. 121:1321-44, 2014
                                                              2. Silva CA et al: Neurologic cytomegalovirus complications in patients with AIDS: retrospective review of 13 cases and review of the literature. Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo. 52(6):305-10, 2010
                                                              3. Pirskanen-Matell R et al: Impairment of short-term memory and Korsakoff syndrome are common in AIDS patients with cytomegalovirus encephalitis. Eur J Neurol. 16(1):48-53, 2009
                                                              4. Rafailidis PI et al: Severe cytomegalovirus infection in apparently immunocompetent patients: a systematic review. Virol J. 5:47, 2008
                                                              5. Miller RF et al: Comparison of magnetic resonance imaging with neuropathological findings in the diagnosis of HIV and CMV associated CNS disease in AIDS. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 62(4):346-51, 1997
                                                              6. Holland NR et al: Cytomegalovirus encephalitis in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Neurology. 44(3 Pt 1):507-14, 1994
                                                              7. Balakrishnan J et al: Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: correlation of radiologic and pathologic findings in the brain. Radiographics. 10(2):201-15, 1990