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Acute Osteomyelitis: Child
Cheryl A. Petersilge, MD, MBA
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Definitions

              • Infection of bone, presenting within 1st 14 days

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Radiographic Findings

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                      • Image-Guided Biopsy

                        • Imaging Recommendations

                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                            PATHOLOGY

                            • General Features

                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                              • Presentation

                                • Demographics

                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                    • Treatment

                                      Selected References

                                      1. Carmody O et al: Acute haematogenous osteomyelitis in children. Ir Med J. 107(9):269-70, 2014
                                      2. Ceroni D et al: Primary epiphyseal or apophyseal subacute osteomyelitis in the pediatric population: a report of fourteen cases and a systematic review of the literature. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 96(18):1570-5, 2014
                                      3. Hirji H et al: Paediatric acquired pathological vertebral collapse. Skeletal Radiol. 43(4):423-36, 2014
                                      4. Yoo WJ et al: Primary epiphyseal osteomyelitis caused by mycobacterium species in otherwise healthy toddlers. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 96(17):e145, 2014
                                      5. Henninger B et al: Ewing sarcoma versus osteomyelitis: differential diagnosis with magnetic resonance imaging. Skeletal Radiol. 42(8):1097-104, 2013
                                      6. Connolly SA et al: MRI for detection of abscess in acute osteomyelitis of the pelvis in children. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 189(4):867-72, 2007
                                      7. Palestro CJ et al: Combined labeled leukocyte and technetium 99m sulfur colloid bone marrow imaging for diagnosing musculoskeletal infection. Radiographics. 26(3):859-70, 2006
                                      8. Kao HC et al: Acute hematogenous osteomyelitis and septic arthritis in children. J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 36(4):260-5, 2003
                                      9. Connolly LP et al: Acute hematogenous osteomyelitis of children: assessment of skeletal scintigraphy-based diagnosis in the era of MRI. J Nucl Med. 43(10):1310-6, 2002
                                      10. Jaramillo D et al: Osteomyelitis and septic arthritis in children: appropriate use of imaging to guide treatment. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 165(2):399-403, 1995
                                      Related Anatomy
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                                      Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                      References
                                      Tables

                                      Tables

                                      KEY FACTS

                                      • Terminology

                                        • Imaging

                                          • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                            • Pathology

                                              • Clinical Issues

                                                TERMINOLOGY

                                                • Definitions

                                                  • Infection of bone, presenting within 1st 14 days

                                                IMAGING

                                                • General Features

                                                  • Radiographic Findings

                                                    • CT Findings

                                                      • MR Findings

                                                        • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                          • Image-Guided Biopsy

                                                            • Imaging Recommendations

                                                              DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                PATHOLOGY

                                                                • General Features

                                                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                  • Presentation

                                                                    • Demographics

                                                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                        • Treatment

                                                                          Selected References

                                                                          1. Carmody O et al: Acute haematogenous osteomyelitis in children. Ir Med J. 107(9):269-70, 2014
                                                                          2. Ceroni D et al: Primary epiphyseal or apophyseal subacute osteomyelitis in the pediatric population: a report of fourteen cases and a systematic review of the literature. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 96(18):1570-5, 2014
                                                                          3. Hirji H et al: Paediatric acquired pathological vertebral collapse. Skeletal Radiol. 43(4):423-36, 2014
                                                                          4. Yoo WJ et al: Primary epiphyseal osteomyelitis caused by mycobacterium species in otherwise healthy toddlers. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 96(17):e145, 2014
                                                                          5. Henninger B et al: Ewing sarcoma versus osteomyelitis: differential diagnosis with magnetic resonance imaging. Skeletal Radiol. 42(8):1097-104, 2013
                                                                          6. Connolly SA et al: MRI for detection of abscess in acute osteomyelitis of the pelvis in children. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 189(4):867-72, 2007
                                                                          7. Palestro CJ et al: Combined labeled leukocyte and technetium 99m sulfur colloid bone marrow imaging for diagnosing musculoskeletal infection. Radiographics. 26(3):859-70, 2006
                                                                          8. Kao HC et al: Acute hematogenous osteomyelitis and septic arthritis in children. J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 36(4):260-5, 2003
                                                                          9. Connolly LP et al: Acute hematogenous osteomyelitis of children: assessment of skeletal scintigraphy-based diagnosis in the era of MRI. J Nucl Med. 43(10):1310-6, 2002
                                                                          10. Jaramillo D et al: Osteomyelitis and septic arthritis in children: appropriate use of imaging to guide treatment. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 165(2):399-403, 1995