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Adrenal Carcinoma
Tara A. Morgan, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          • Diagnostic Checklist

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Abbreviations

              • Adrenal carcinoma (AC): Malignant neoplasm arising from adrenal cortex
            • Synonyms

              • Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC)

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                              • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                • Microscopic Features

                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                  • Presentation

                                    • Demographics

                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                        • Treatment

                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                          • Consider

                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                              • Reporting Tips

                                                Selected References

                                                1. Ahmed AA et al: Adrenal cortical carcinoma: pathology, genomics, prognosis, imaging features, and mimics with impact on management. Abdom Radiol (NY). 45(4):945-63, 2020
                                                2. Harada K et al: A rare case of oncocytic adrenocortical carcinoma clinically presented as an incidentaloma. Endocr J. 67(8):883-8, 2020
                                                3. Yalniz C et al: Imaging of adrenal-related endocrine disorders. Radiol Clin North Am. 58(6):1099-113, 2020
                                                4. Chira RI et al: Adrenal glands transabdominal ultrasonography - pictorial essay. Med Ultrason. 19(3):318-23, 2017
                                                5. Ganeshan D et al: Current update on cytogenetics, taxonomy, diagnosis, and management of adrenocortical carcinoma: what radiologists should know. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 199(6):1283-93, 2012
                                                6. Bharwani N et al: Adrenocortical carcinoma: the range of appearances on CT and MRI. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 196(6):W706-14, 2011
                                                7. Johnson PT et al: Adrenal mass imaging with multidetector CT: pathologic conditions, pearls, and pitfalls. Radiographics. 29(5):1333-51, 2009
                                                8. Leboulleux S et al: Diagnostic and prognostic value of 18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography in adrenocortical carcinoma: a prospective comparison with computed tomography. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 91(3):920-5, 2006
                                                9. Caoili EM et al: Adrenal masses: characterization with combined unenhanced and delayed enhanced CT. Radiology. 222(3):629-33, 2002
                                                Related Anatomy
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                                                Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                                References
                                                Tables

                                                Tables

                                                KEY FACTS

                                                • Terminology

                                                  • Imaging

                                                    • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                      • Clinical Issues

                                                        • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                          TERMINOLOGY

                                                          • Abbreviations

                                                            • Adrenal carcinoma (AC): Malignant neoplasm arising from adrenal cortex
                                                          • Synonyms

                                                            • Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC)

                                                          IMAGING

                                                          • General Features

                                                            • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                              • CT Findings

                                                                • MR Findings

                                                                  • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                                    • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                        PATHOLOGY

                                                                        • General Features

                                                                          • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                              • Microscopic Features

                                                                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                                • Presentation

                                                                                  • Demographics

                                                                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                      • Treatment

                                                                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                        • Consider

                                                                                          • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                            • Reporting Tips

                                                                                              Selected References

                                                                                              1. Ahmed AA et al: Adrenal cortical carcinoma: pathology, genomics, prognosis, imaging features, and mimics with impact on management. Abdom Radiol (NY). 45(4):945-63, 2020
                                                                                              2. Harada K et al: A rare case of oncocytic adrenocortical carcinoma clinically presented as an incidentaloma. Endocr J. 67(8):883-8, 2020
                                                                                              3. Yalniz C et al: Imaging of adrenal-related endocrine disorders. Radiol Clin North Am. 58(6):1099-113, 2020
                                                                                              4. Chira RI et al: Adrenal glands transabdominal ultrasonography - pictorial essay. Med Ultrason. 19(3):318-23, 2017
                                                                                              5. Ganeshan D et al: Current update on cytogenetics, taxonomy, diagnosis, and management of adrenocortical carcinoma: what radiologists should know. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 199(6):1283-93, 2012
                                                                                              6. Bharwani N et al: Adrenocortical carcinoma: the range of appearances on CT and MRI. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 196(6):W706-14, 2011
                                                                                              7. Johnson PT et al: Adrenal mass imaging with multidetector CT: pathologic conditions, pearls, and pitfalls. Radiographics. 29(5):1333-51, 2009
                                                                                              8. Leboulleux S et al: Diagnostic and prognostic value of 18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography in adrenocortical carcinoma: a prospective comparison with computed tomography. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 91(3):920-5, 2006
                                                                                              9. Caoili EM et al: Adrenal masses: characterization with combined unenhanced and delayed enhanced CT. Radiology. 222(3):629-33, 2002