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Adrenal Insufficiency
Mitchell Tublin, MD; Michael P. Federle, MD, FACR
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Pathology

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Synonyms

            • Addison disease
          • Definitions

            • Inadequate secretion of corticosteroids resulting from partial or complete destruction of adrenal glands

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • CT Findings

              • Imaging Recommendations

                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                  PATHOLOGY

                  • General Features

                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                    • Presentation

                      • Demographics

                        • Natural History & Prognosis

                          • Treatment

                            DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                            • Consider

                              • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                Selected References

                                1. Charmandari E et al: Adrenal insufficiency. Lancet. 383(9935):2152-67, 2014
                                2. Neary N et al: Adrenal insufficiency: etiology, diagnosis and treatment. Curr Opin Endocrinol Diabetes Obes. 17(3):217-23, 2010
                                3. F Magitta N et al: Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type I in Slovakia: relevance of screening patients with autoimmune Addison's disease. Eur J Endocrinol. 158(5):705-9, 2008
                                4. Ferraz-de-Souza B et al: Disorders of adrenal development. Endocr Dev. 13:19-32, 2008
                                5. Mayo-Smith WW et al: State-of-the-art adrenal imaging. Radiographics. 21(4):995-1012, 2001
                                6. Kawashima A et al: Imaging of nontraumatic hemorrhage of the adrenal gland. Radiographics. 19(4):949-63, 1999
                                7. Kawashima A et al: Spectrum of CT findings in nonmalignant disease of the adrenal gland. Radiographics. 18(2):393-412, 1998
                                8. Doppman JL et al: CT findings in Addison's disease. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 6(4):757-61, 1982
                                Related Anatomy
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                                Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                References
                                Tables

                                Tables

                                KEY FACTS

                                • Terminology

                                  • Imaging

                                    • Pathology

                                      • Clinical Issues

                                        TERMINOLOGY

                                        • Synonyms

                                          • Addison disease
                                        • Definitions

                                          • Inadequate secretion of corticosteroids resulting from partial or complete destruction of adrenal glands

                                        IMAGING

                                        • General Features

                                          • CT Findings

                                            • Imaging Recommendations

                                              DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                PATHOLOGY

                                                • General Features

                                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                  • Presentation

                                                    • Demographics

                                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                        • Treatment

                                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                          • Consider

                                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                              Selected References

                                                              1. Charmandari E et al: Adrenal insufficiency. Lancet. 383(9935):2152-67, 2014
                                                              2. Neary N et al: Adrenal insufficiency: etiology, diagnosis and treatment. Curr Opin Endocrinol Diabetes Obes. 17(3):217-23, 2010
                                                              3. F Magitta N et al: Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type I in Slovakia: relevance of screening patients with autoimmune Addison's disease. Eur J Endocrinol. 158(5):705-9, 2008
                                                              4. Ferraz-de-Souza B et al: Disorders of adrenal development. Endocr Dev. 13:19-32, 2008
                                                              5. Mayo-Smith WW et al: State-of-the-art adrenal imaging. Radiographics. 21(4):995-1012, 2001
                                                              6. Kawashima A et al: Imaging of nontraumatic hemorrhage of the adrenal gland. Radiographics. 19(4):949-63, 1999
                                                              7. Kawashima A et al: Spectrum of CT findings in nonmalignant disease of the adrenal gland. Radiographics. 18(2):393-412, 1998
                                                              8. Doppman JL et al: CT findings in Addison's disease. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 6(4):757-61, 1982