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Allograft Hydronephrosis
Jade Wong-You-Cheong, MBChB, MRCP, FRCR, FSRU, FSAR
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Abbreviations

              • Obstructive pyelocaliectasis
            • Definitions

              • Dilated renal pelvis and calyces ± hydroureter

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Fluoroscopic Findings

                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                  • Nonvascular Interventions

                    • CT Findings

                      • MR Findings

                        • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                          • Imaging Recommendations

                            DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                              PATHOLOGY

                              • General Features

                                • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                  • Presentation

                                    • Demographics

                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                        • Treatment

                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                          • Consider

                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                              Selected References

                                              1. Sugi MD et al: Imaging of renal transplant complications throughout the life of the allograft: comprehensive multimodality review. Radiographics. 39(5):1327-55, 2019
                                              2. Molenaar NM et al: Vesicoureteral reflux in kidney transplantation. Prog Transplant. 27(2):196-9, 2017
                                              3. Duty BD et al: Diagnosis and management of ureteral complications following renal transplantation. Asian J Urol. 2(4):202-7, 2015
                                              4. Aktaş A: Transplanted kidney function evaluation. Semin Nucl Med. 44(2):129-45, 2014
                                              5. Duty BD et al: The current role of endourologic management of renal transplantation complications. Adv Urol. 2013:246520, 2013
                                              6. Ferreira Cassini M et al: Lithiasis in 1,313 kidney transplants: incidence, diagnosis, and management. Transplant Proc. 44(8):2373-5, 2012
                                              7. Eufrásio P et al: Surgical complications in 2000 renal transplants. Transplant Proc. 43(1):142-4, 2011
                                              8. Cosgrove DO et al: Renal transplants: what ultrasound can and cannot do. Ultrasound Q. 24(2):77-87; quiz 141-2, 2008
                                              9. Kobayashi K et al: Interventional radiologic management of renal transplant dysfunction: indications, limitations, and technical considerations. Radiographics. 27(4):1109-30, 2007
                                              10. Kamath S et al: Papillary necrosis causing hydronephrosis in renal allograft treated by percutaneous retrieval of sloughed papilla. Br J Radiol. 78(928):346-8, 2005
                                              11. Pepe P et al: Functional evaluation of the urinary tract by color-Doppler ultrasonography (CDU) in 100 patients with renal colic. Eur J Radiol. 53(1):131-5, 2005
                                              12. Lee JY et al: Color and power Doppler twinkling artifacts from urinary stones: clinical observations and phantom studies. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 176(6):1441-5, 2001
                                              13. Brown ED et al: Complications of renal transplantation: evaluation with US and radionuclide imaging. Radiographics. 20(3):607-22, 2000
                                              14. Shapeero LG et al: Papillary necrosis causing hydronephrosis in the renal allograft. Sonographic findings. J Ultrasound Med. 8(10):579-81, 1989
                                              Related Anatomy
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                                              Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                              References
                                              Tables

                                              Tables

                                              KEY FACTS

                                              • Terminology

                                                • Imaging

                                                  • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                    • Pathology

                                                      • Clinical Issues

                                                        TERMINOLOGY

                                                        • Abbreviations

                                                          • Obstructive pyelocaliectasis
                                                        • Definitions

                                                          • Dilated renal pelvis and calyces ± hydroureter

                                                        IMAGING

                                                        • General Features

                                                          • Fluoroscopic Findings

                                                            • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                              • Nonvascular Interventions

                                                                • CT Findings

                                                                  • MR Findings

                                                                    • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                                      • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                          PATHOLOGY

                                                                          • General Features

                                                                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                              • Presentation

                                                                                • Demographics

                                                                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                    • Treatment

                                                                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                      • Consider

                                                                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                          Selected References

                                                                                          1. Sugi MD et al: Imaging of renal transplant complications throughout the life of the allograft: comprehensive multimodality review. Radiographics. 39(5):1327-55, 2019
                                                                                          2. Molenaar NM et al: Vesicoureteral reflux in kidney transplantation. Prog Transplant. 27(2):196-9, 2017
                                                                                          3. Duty BD et al: Diagnosis and management of ureteral complications following renal transplantation. Asian J Urol. 2(4):202-7, 2015
                                                                                          4. Aktaş A: Transplanted kidney function evaluation. Semin Nucl Med. 44(2):129-45, 2014
                                                                                          5. Duty BD et al: The current role of endourologic management of renal transplantation complications. Adv Urol. 2013:246520, 2013
                                                                                          6. Ferreira Cassini M et al: Lithiasis in 1,313 kidney transplants: incidence, diagnosis, and management. Transplant Proc. 44(8):2373-5, 2012
                                                                                          7. Eufrásio P et al: Surgical complications in 2000 renal transplants. Transplant Proc. 43(1):142-4, 2011
                                                                                          8. Cosgrove DO et al: Renal transplants: what ultrasound can and cannot do. Ultrasound Q. 24(2):77-87; quiz 141-2, 2008
                                                                                          9. Kobayashi K et al: Interventional radiologic management of renal transplant dysfunction: indications, limitations, and technical considerations. Radiographics. 27(4):1109-30, 2007
                                                                                          10. Kamath S et al: Papillary necrosis causing hydronephrosis in renal allograft treated by percutaneous retrieval of sloughed papilla. Br J Radiol. 78(928):346-8, 2005
                                                                                          11. Pepe P et al: Functional evaluation of the urinary tract by color-Doppler ultrasonography (CDU) in 100 patients with renal colic. Eur J Radiol. 53(1):131-5, 2005
                                                                                          12. Lee JY et al: Color and power Doppler twinkling artifacts from urinary stones: clinical observations and phantom studies. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 176(6):1441-5, 2001
                                                                                          13. Brown ED et al: Complications of renal transplantation: evaluation with US and radionuclide imaging. Radiographics. 20(3):607-22, 2000
                                                                                          14. Shapeero LG et al: Papillary necrosis causing hydronephrosis in the renal allograft. Sonographic findings. J Ultrasound Med. 8(10):579-81, 1989