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Allograft Hydronephrosis
Jade Wong-You-Cheong, MBChB, MRCP, FRCR
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Diagnostic Checklist

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Abbreviations

            • Obstructive pyelocaliectasis
          • Definitions

            • Dilated renal pelvis and calyces, usually secondary to obstruction 
              • ± hydroureter

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Ultrasonographic Findings

              • Nonvascular Interventions

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                              • Presentation

                                • Demographics

                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                    • Treatment

                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                      • Consider

                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                          Selected References

                                          1. Aktaş A: Transplanted kidney function evaluation. Semin Nucl Med. 44(2):129-45, 2014
                                          2. Duty BD et al: The current role of endourologic management of renal transplantation complications. Adv Urol. 2013:246520, 2013
                                          3. Ferreira Cassini M et al: Lithiasis in 1,313 kidney transplants: incidence, diagnosis, and management. Transplant Proc. 44(8):2373-5, 2012
                                          4. Eufrásio P et al: Surgical complications in 2000 renal transplants. Transplant Proc. 43(1):142-4, 2011
                                          5. Cosgrove DO et al: Renal transplants: what ultrasound can and cannot do. Ultrasound Q. 24(2):77-87; quiz 141-2, 2008
                                          6. Kobayashi K et al: Interventional radiologic management of renal transplant dysfunction: indications, limitations, and technical considerations. Radiographics. 27(4):1109-30, 2007
                                          7. Kamath S et al: Papillary necrosis causing hydronephrosis in renal allograft treated by percutaneous retrieval of sloughed papilla. Br J Radiol. 78(928):346-8, 2005
                                          8. Pepe P et al: Functional evaluation of the urinary tract by color-Doppler ultrasonography (CDU) in 100 patients with renal colic. Eur J Radiol. 53(1):131-5, 2005
                                          9. Lee JY et al: Color and power Doppler twinkling artifacts from urinary stones: clinical observations and phantom studies. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 176(6):1441-5, 2001
                                          10. Brown ED et al: Complications of renal transplantation: evaluation with US and radionuclide imaging. Radiographics. 20(3):607-22, 2000
                                          11. Shapeero LG et al: Papillary necrosis causing hydronephrosis in the renal allograft. Sonographic findings. J Ultrasound Med. 8(10):579-81, 1989
                                          Related Anatomy
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                                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                          References
                                          Tables

                                          Tables

                                          KEY FACTS

                                          • Terminology

                                            • Imaging

                                              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                  TERMINOLOGY

                                                  • Abbreviations

                                                    • Obstructive pyelocaliectasis
                                                  • Definitions

                                                    • Dilated renal pelvis and calyces, usually secondary to obstruction 
                                                      • ± hydroureter

                                                  IMAGING

                                                  • General Features

                                                    • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                      • Nonvascular Interventions

                                                        • CT Findings

                                                          • MR Findings

                                                            • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                              • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                  PATHOLOGY

                                                                  • General Features

                                                                    • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                      • Presentation

                                                                        • Demographics

                                                                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                            • Treatment

                                                                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                              • Consider

                                                                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                  Selected References

                                                                                  1. Aktaş A: Transplanted kidney function evaluation. Semin Nucl Med. 44(2):129-45, 2014
                                                                                  2. Duty BD et al: The current role of endourologic management of renal transplantation complications. Adv Urol. 2013:246520, 2013
                                                                                  3. Ferreira Cassini M et al: Lithiasis in 1,313 kidney transplants: incidence, diagnosis, and management. Transplant Proc. 44(8):2373-5, 2012
                                                                                  4. Eufrásio P et al: Surgical complications in 2000 renal transplants. Transplant Proc. 43(1):142-4, 2011
                                                                                  5. Cosgrove DO et al: Renal transplants: what ultrasound can and cannot do. Ultrasound Q. 24(2):77-87; quiz 141-2, 2008
                                                                                  6. Kobayashi K et al: Interventional radiologic management of renal transplant dysfunction: indications, limitations, and technical considerations. Radiographics. 27(4):1109-30, 2007
                                                                                  7. Kamath S et al: Papillary necrosis causing hydronephrosis in renal allograft treated by percutaneous retrieval of sloughed papilla. Br J Radiol. 78(928):346-8, 2005
                                                                                  8. Pepe P et al: Functional evaluation of the urinary tract by color-Doppler ultrasonography (CDU) in 100 patients with renal colic. Eur J Radiol. 53(1):131-5, 2005
                                                                                  9. Lee JY et al: Color and power Doppler twinkling artifacts from urinary stones: clinical observations and phantom studies. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 176(6):1441-5, 2001
                                                                                  10. Brown ED et al: Complications of renal transplantation: evaluation with US and radionuclide imaging. Radiographics. 20(3):607-22, 2000
                                                                                  11. Shapeero LG et al: Papillary necrosis causing hydronephrosis in the renal allograft. Sonographic findings. J Ultrasound Med. 8(10):579-81, 1989