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Angiocentric Glioma
Karen L. Salzman, MD; Majda M. Thurnher, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Abbreviations

                • Angiocentric glioma (AG)
              • Synonyms

                • Angiocentric neuroepithelial tumor (ANET)
                • Monomorphous angiocentric glioma
              • Definitions

                • Epilepsy-associated, slowly-growing, low-grade cortical neoplasm mainly affecting children and young adults

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • Imaging Recommendations

                  • CT Findings

                    • MR Findings

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                            • Microscopic Features

                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                              • Presentation

                                • Demographics

                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                    • Treatment

                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                      • Consider

                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                          Selected References

                                          1. Ni HC et al: Angiocentric glioma: a report of nine new cases, including four with atypical histological features. Neuropathol Appl Neurobiol. 41(3):333-46, 2015
                                          2. Grajkowska W et al: Angiocentric glioma: a rare intractable epilepsy-related tumour in children. Folia Neuropathol. 52(3):253-9, 2014
                                          3. Buccoliero AM et al: Angiocentric glioma: clinical, morphological, immunohistochemical and molecular features in three pediatric cases. Clin Neuropathol. 32(2):107-13, 2013
                                          4. Koral K et al: Angiocentric glioma in a 4-year-old boy: imaging characteristics and review of the literature. Clin Imaging. 36(1):61-4, 2012
                                          5. Liu CQ et al: Refractory temporal lobe epilepsy caused by angiocentric glioma complicated with focal cortical dysplasia: a surgical case series. J Neurooncol. 110(3):375-80, 2012
                                          6. Miyata H et al: Adult-onset angiocentric glioma of epithelioid cell-predominant type of the mesial temporal lobe suggestive of a rare but distinct clinicopathological subset within a spectrum of angiocentric cortical ependymal tumors. Neuropathology. 32(5):479-91, 2012
                                          7. 1: Marburger T, Prayson R. Angiocentric glioma: a clinicopathologic review of 5 tumors with identification of associated cortical dysplasia. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2011 Aug;135(8):1037-41. PubMed PMID: 21809996.
                                          8. Arsene D et al: Angiocentric glioma: presentation of two cases with dissimilar histology. Clin Neuropathol. 27(6):391-5, 2008
                                          9. Lum DJ et al: Cortical ependymoma or monomorphous angiocentric glioma? Neuropathology. 28(1):81-6, 2008
                                          10. Sugita Y et al: Brain surface spindle cell glioma in a patient with medically intractable partial epilepsy: a variant of monomorphous angiocentric glioma? Neuropathology. 28(5):516-20, 2008
                                          11. Shakur SF et al: Angiocentric glioma: a case series. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2009 Mar;3(3):197-202. PubMed PMID: 19338465.
                                          12. Preusser M et al: Angiocentric glioma: report of clinico-pathologic and genetic findings in 8 cases. Am J Surg Pathol. 31(11):1709-18, 2007
                                          13. Lellouch-Tubiana A et al: Angiocentric neuroepithelial tumor (ANET): a new epilepsy-related clinicopathological entity with distinctive MRI. Brain Pathol. 15(4):281-6, 2005
                                          14. Wang M et al: Monomorphous angiocentric glioma: a distinctive epileptogenic neoplasm with features of infiltrating astrocytoma and ependymoma. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol. 64(10):875-81, 2005
                                          15. Fulton SP et al: Glioma-Induced Seizures in a 2-Year-Old Child. J Child Neurol. 2009 Mar 20. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 19304961.
                                          Related Anatomy
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                                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                          References
                                          Tables

                                          Tables

                                          KEY FACTS

                                          • Terminology

                                            • Imaging

                                              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                • Pathology

                                                  • Clinical Issues

                                                    • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                      TERMINOLOGY

                                                      • Abbreviations

                                                        • Angiocentric glioma (AG)
                                                      • Synonyms

                                                        • Angiocentric neuroepithelial tumor (ANET)
                                                        • Monomorphous angiocentric glioma
                                                      • Definitions

                                                        • Epilepsy-associated, slowly-growing, low-grade cortical neoplasm mainly affecting children and young adults

                                                      IMAGING

                                                      • General Features

                                                        • Imaging Recommendations

                                                          • CT Findings

                                                            • MR Findings

                                                              DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                PATHOLOGY

                                                                • General Features

                                                                  • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                                    • Microscopic Features

                                                                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                      • Presentation

                                                                        • Demographics

                                                                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                            • Treatment

                                                                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                              • Consider

                                                                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                  Selected References

                                                                                  1. Ni HC et al: Angiocentric glioma: a report of nine new cases, including four with atypical histological features. Neuropathol Appl Neurobiol. 41(3):333-46, 2015
                                                                                  2. Grajkowska W et al: Angiocentric glioma: a rare intractable epilepsy-related tumour in children. Folia Neuropathol. 52(3):253-9, 2014
                                                                                  3. Buccoliero AM et al: Angiocentric glioma: clinical, morphological, immunohistochemical and molecular features in three pediatric cases. Clin Neuropathol. 32(2):107-13, 2013
                                                                                  4. Koral K et al: Angiocentric glioma in a 4-year-old boy: imaging characteristics and review of the literature. Clin Imaging. 36(1):61-4, 2012
                                                                                  5. Liu CQ et al: Refractory temporal lobe epilepsy caused by angiocentric glioma complicated with focal cortical dysplasia: a surgical case series. J Neurooncol. 110(3):375-80, 2012
                                                                                  6. Miyata H et al: Adult-onset angiocentric glioma of epithelioid cell-predominant type of the mesial temporal lobe suggestive of a rare but distinct clinicopathological subset within a spectrum of angiocentric cortical ependymal tumors. Neuropathology. 32(5):479-91, 2012
                                                                                  7. 1: Marburger T, Prayson R. Angiocentric glioma: a clinicopathologic review of 5 tumors with identification of associated cortical dysplasia. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2011 Aug;135(8):1037-41. PubMed PMID: 21809996.
                                                                                  8. Arsene D et al: Angiocentric glioma: presentation of two cases with dissimilar histology. Clin Neuropathol. 27(6):391-5, 2008
                                                                                  9. Lum DJ et al: Cortical ependymoma or monomorphous angiocentric glioma? Neuropathology. 28(1):81-6, 2008
                                                                                  10. Sugita Y et al: Brain surface spindle cell glioma in a patient with medically intractable partial epilepsy: a variant of monomorphous angiocentric glioma? Neuropathology. 28(5):516-20, 2008
                                                                                  11. Shakur SF et al: Angiocentric glioma: a case series. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2009 Mar;3(3):197-202. PubMed PMID: 19338465.
                                                                                  12. Preusser M et al: Angiocentric glioma: report of clinico-pathologic and genetic findings in 8 cases. Am J Surg Pathol. 31(11):1709-18, 2007
                                                                                  13. Lellouch-Tubiana A et al: Angiocentric neuroepithelial tumor (ANET): a new epilepsy-related clinicopathological entity with distinctive MRI. Brain Pathol. 15(4):281-6, 2005
                                                                                  14. Wang M et al: Monomorphous angiocentric glioma: a distinctive epileptogenic neoplasm with features of infiltrating astrocytoma and ependymoma. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol. 64(10):875-81, 2005
                                                                                  15. Fulton SP et al: Glioma-Induced Seizures in a 2-Year-Old Child. J Child Neurol. 2009 Mar 20. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 19304961.