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Ankle Sprain
Julia R. Crim, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Definitions

              • Injury of lateral collateral ligament (LCL) complex without significant bony injury

            IMAGING

            • Radiographic Findings

              • Arthrography Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • CT Findings

                    • Imaging Recommendations

                      • Ultrasonographic Findings

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                              • Relevant Anatomy

                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                • Presentation

                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                    • Treatment

                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                      • Consider

                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                          Selected References

                                          1. Kim YS et al: Reliability and validity of magnetic resonance imaging for the evaluation of the anterior talofibular ligament in patients undergoing ankle arthroscopy. Arthroscopy. 31(8):1540-7, 2015
                                          2. van den Bekerom MP et al: Management of acute lateral ankle ligament injury in the athlete. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 21(6):1390-5, 2013
                                          3. Crim JR et al: Deltoid ligament abnormalities in chronic lateral ankle instability. Foot Ankle Int. 32(9):873-8, 2011
                                          4. Fujii T et al: Ankle stability in simulated lateral ankle ligament injuries. Foot Ankle Int. 31(6):531-7, 2010
                                          5. Oae K et al: Evaluation of anterior talofibular ligament injury with stress radiography, ultrasonography and MR imaging. Skeletal Radiol. 39(1):41-7, 2010
                                          6. Bachmann LM et al: Accuracy of Ottawa ankle rules to exclude fractures of the ankle and mid-foot: systematic review. BMJ. 326(7386):417, 2003
                                          7. Steinbach LS et al: Special focus session. MR arthrography. Radiographics. 22(5):1223-46, 2002
                                          8. Cheung Y et al: MR imaging of ligamentous abnormalities of the ankle and foot. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 9(3):507-31, x, 2001
                                          9. Kreitner KF et al: Injuries of the lateral collateral ligaments of the ankle: assessment with MR imaging. Eur Radiol. 9(3):519-24, 1999
                                          Related Anatomy
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                                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                          References
                                          Tables

                                          Tables

                                          KEY FACTS

                                          • Terminology

                                            • Imaging

                                              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                • Pathology

                                                  • Clinical Issues

                                                    TERMINOLOGY

                                                    • Definitions

                                                      • Injury of lateral collateral ligament (LCL) complex without significant bony injury

                                                    IMAGING

                                                    • Radiographic Findings

                                                      • Arthrography Findings

                                                        • MR Findings

                                                          • CT Findings

                                                            • Imaging Recommendations

                                                              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                  PATHOLOGY

                                                                  • General Features

                                                                    • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                                      • Relevant Anatomy

                                                                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                        • Presentation

                                                                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                            • Treatment

                                                                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                              • Consider

                                                                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                  Selected References

                                                                                  1. Kim YS et al: Reliability and validity of magnetic resonance imaging for the evaluation of the anterior talofibular ligament in patients undergoing ankle arthroscopy. Arthroscopy. 31(8):1540-7, 2015
                                                                                  2. van den Bekerom MP et al: Management of acute lateral ankle ligament injury in the athlete. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 21(6):1390-5, 2013
                                                                                  3. Crim JR et al: Deltoid ligament abnormalities in chronic lateral ankle instability. Foot Ankle Int. 32(9):873-8, 2011
                                                                                  4. Fujii T et al: Ankle stability in simulated lateral ankle ligament injuries. Foot Ankle Int. 31(6):531-7, 2010
                                                                                  5. Oae K et al: Evaluation of anterior talofibular ligament injury with stress radiography, ultrasonography and MR imaging. Skeletal Radiol. 39(1):41-7, 2010
                                                                                  6. Bachmann LM et al: Accuracy of Ottawa ankle rules to exclude fractures of the ankle and mid-foot: systematic review. BMJ. 326(7386):417, 2003
                                                                                  7. Steinbach LS et al: Special focus session. MR arthrography. Radiographics. 22(5):1223-46, 2002
                                                                                  8. Cheung Y et al: MR imaging of ligamentous abnormalities of the ankle and foot. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 9(3):507-31, x, 2001
                                                                                  9. Kreitner KF et al: Injuries of the lateral collateral ligaments of the ankle: assessment with MR imaging. Eur Radiol. 9(3):519-24, 1999