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Anosmia-Hyposmia
Blair A. Winegar, MD
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DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

    ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

    • Key Differential Diagnosis Issues

      • Helpful Clues for Common Diagnoses

        • Helpful Clues for Less Common Diagnoses

          • Helpful Clues for Rare Diagnoses

            • Alternative Differential Approaches

              Selected References

              1. Chung MS et al: MR imaging-based evaluations of olfactory bulb atrophy in patients with olfactory dysfunction. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. ePub, 2017
              2. Harju T et al: Significance of imaging in the diagnosis of olfactory disorder. Ear Nose Throat J. 96(2):E13-E17, 2017
              3. Kohli P et al: The prevalence of olfactory dysfunction in chronic rhinosinusitis. Laryngoscope. 127(2):309-320, 2017
              4. Simmonds JC et al: Surgical resection of sinonasal hemangiopericytoma involving anterior skull base: Case reports and literature review. Am J Otolaryngol. 38(1):87-91, 2017
              5. Joseph A et al: Back on the scent: the olfactory system in CNS demyelinating diseases. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 87(10):1146-54, 2016
              6. Zhang Z et al: Magnetic resonance imaging findings in Kallmann syndrome: 14 cases and review of the literature. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 40(1):39-42, 2016
              7. Hall JM et al: Radiological appearances in olfactory dysfunction: pictorial review. J Laryngol Otol. 129(6):529-34, 2015
              8. Hummel T et al: Volume of olfactory bulb and depth of olfactory sulcus in 378 consecutive patients with olfactory loss. J Neurol. 262(4):1046-51, 2015
              9. Schwarz ST et al: The 'swallow tail' appearance of the healthy nigrosome - a new accurate test of Parkinson's disease: a case-control and retrospective cross-sectional MRI study at 3T. PLoS One. 9(4):e93814, 2014
              10. Nazri M et al: Incidental detection of sinus mucosal abnormalities on CT and MRI imaging of the head. Quant Imaging Med Surg. 3(2):82-8, 2013
              11. Atighechi S et al: A comparative study of brain perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging in patients with post-traumatic anosmia. Am J Rhinol Allergy. 23(4):409-12, 2009
              12. Goektas O et al: Correlation of olfactory dysfunction of different etiologies in MRI and comparison with subjective and objective olfactometry. Eur J Radiol. 71(3):469-73, 2009
              13. Henkin RI et al: Functional MRI of congenital hyposmia: brain activation to odors and imagination of odors and tastes. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 26(1):39-61, 2002
              14. Yousem DM et al: Imaging of the olfactory system. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 22(6): 456-72, 2001
              Related Anatomy
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              Related Differential Diagnoses
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              References
              Tables

              Tables

              DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

                • Key Differential Diagnosis Issues

                  • Helpful Clues for Common Diagnoses

                    • Helpful Clues for Less Common Diagnoses

                      • Helpful Clues for Rare Diagnoses

                        • Alternative Differential Approaches

                          Selected References

                          1. Chung MS et al: MR imaging-based evaluations of olfactory bulb atrophy in patients with olfactory dysfunction. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. ePub, 2017
                          2. Harju T et al: Significance of imaging in the diagnosis of olfactory disorder. Ear Nose Throat J. 96(2):E13-E17, 2017
                          3. Kohli P et al: The prevalence of olfactory dysfunction in chronic rhinosinusitis. Laryngoscope. 127(2):309-320, 2017
                          4. Simmonds JC et al: Surgical resection of sinonasal hemangiopericytoma involving anterior skull base: Case reports and literature review. Am J Otolaryngol. 38(1):87-91, 2017
                          5. Joseph A et al: Back on the scent: the olfactory system in CNS demyelinating diseases. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 87(10):1146-54, 2016
                          6. Zhang Z et al: Magnetic resonance imaging findings in Kallmann syndrome: 14 cases and review of the literature. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 40(1):39-42, 2016
                          7. Hall JM et al: Radiological appearances in olfactory dysfunction: pictorial review. J Laryngol Otol. 129(6):529-34, 2015
                          8. Hummel T et al: Volume of olfactory bulb and depth of olfactory sulcus in 378 consecutive patients with olfactory loss. J Neurol. 262(4):1046-51, 2015
                          9. Schwarz ST et al: The 'swallow tail' appearance of the healthy nigrosome - a new accurate test of Parkinson's disease: a case-control and retrospective cross-sectional MRI study at 3T. PLoS One. 9(4):e93814, 2014
                          10. Nazri M et al: Incidental detection of sinus mucosal abnormalities on CT and MRI imaging of the head. Quant Imaging Med Surg. 3(2):82-8, 2013
                          11. Atighechi S et al: A comparative study of brain perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging in patients with post-traumatic anosmia. Am J Rhinol Allergy. 23(4):409-12, 2009
                          12. Goektas O et al: Correlation of olfactory dysfunction of different etiologies in MRI and comparison with subjective and objective olfactometry. Eur J Radiol. 71(3):469-73, 2009
                          13. Henkin RI et al: Functional MRI of congenital hyposmia: brain activation to odors and imagination of odors and tastes. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 26(1):39-61, 2002
                          14. Yousem DM et al: Imaging of the olfactory system. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 22(6): 456-72, 2001