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Aortic Sarcoma
Carol C. Wu, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Synonyms

                • Primary malignant tumors of aorta (PMTA)
              • Definitions

                • Very rare, highly aggressive class of sarcomas arising from aortic wall or intima with poor prognosis

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • Radiographic Findings

                  • CT Findings

                    • MR Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                            PATHOLOGY

                            • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                              • Presentation

                                • Demographics

                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                    • Treatment

                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                      • Consider

                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                          Selected References

                                          1. Rusthoven CG et al: Sarcomas of the aorta: a systematic review and pooled analysis of published reports. Ann Vasc Surg. 28(2):515-25, 2014
                                          2. von Falck C et al: Imaging features of primary Sarcomas of the great vessels in CT, MRI and PET/CT: a single-center experience. BMC Med Imaging. 13(1):25, 2013
                                          3. Garg N et al: Intimal sarcoma in an inflammatory aneurysm after endovascular aneurysm repair. J Vasc Surg. 55(4):1134-7, 2012
                                          4. Bendel EC et al: Imaging sarcomas of the great vessels and heart. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 32(5):377-404, 2011
                                          5. Rusthoven C et al: High-grade undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma of the aortic arch: a case of endovascular therapy for embolic prophylaxis and review of the literature. Vasc Endovascular Surg. 44(5):385-91, 2010
                                          6. Nicotera SP et al: Postoperative outcomes in intimal aortic angiosarcoma: a case report and review of the literature. J Vasc Surg. 50(1):186-9, 2009
                                          7. Simpson WL Jr et al: Pulmonary artery and aortic sarcomas: cross-sectional imaging. J Thorac Imaging. 15(4):290-4, 2000
                                          Related Anatomy
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                                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                          References
                                          Tables

                                          Tables

                                          KEY FACTS

                                          • Terminology

                                            • Imaging

                                              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                • Pathology

                                                  • Clinical Issues

                                                    • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                      TERMINOLOGY

                                                      • Synonyms

                                                        • Primary malignant tumors of aorta (PMTA)
                                                      • Definitions

                                                        • Very rare, highly aggressive class of sarcomas arising from aortic wall or intima with poor prognosis

                                                      IMAGING

                                                      • General Features

                                                        • Radiographic Findings

                                                          • CT Findings

                                                            • MR Findings

                                                              • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                    PATHOLOGY

                                                                    • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                      • Presentation

                                                                        • Demographics

                                                                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                            • Treatment

                                                                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                              • Consider

                                                                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                  Selected References

                                                                                  1. Rusthoven CG et al: Sarcomas of the aorta: a systematic review and pooled analysis of published reports. Ann Vasc Surg. 28(2):515-25, 2014
                                                                                  2. von Falck C et al: Imaging features of primary Sarcomas of the great vessels in CT, MRI and PET/CT: a single-center experience. BMC Med Imaging. 13(1):25, 2013
                                                                                  3. Garg N et al: Intimal sarcoma in an inflammatory aneurysm after endovascular aneurysm repair. J Vasc Surg. 55(4):1134-7, 2012
                                                                                  4. Bendel EC et al: Imaging sarcomas of the great vessels and heart. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 32(5):377-404, 2011
                                                                                  5. Rusthoven C et al: High-grade undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma of the aortic arch: a case of endovascular therapy for embolic prophylaxis and review of the literature. Vasc Endovascular Surg. 44(5):385-91, 2010
                                                                                  6. Nicotera SP et al: Postoperative outcomes in intimal aortic angiosarcoma: a case report and review of the literature. J Vasc Surg. 50(1):186-9, 2009
                                                                                  7. Simpson WL Jr et al: Pulmonary artery and aortic sarcomas: cross-sectional imaging. J Thorac Imaging. 15(4):290-4, 2000