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Aortic Valve Disease
Brett W. Carter, MD, CPPS
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Definitions

              • Aortic valve disease: Aortic regurgitation (AR), aortic stenosis (AS)

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Radiographic Findings

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Echocardiographic Findings

                      • Angiographic Findings

                        • Imaging Recommendations

                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                            PATHOLOGY

                            • General Features

                              • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                  • Microscopic Features

                                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                                    • Presentation

                                      • Demographics

                                        • Natural History & Prognosis

                                          • Treatment

                                            DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                              Selected References

                                              1. Galian-Gay L et al: Multimodality imaging in bicuspid aortic valve. Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 63(4):442-51, 2020
                                              2. Takaoka H et al: Utility of computed tomography in cases of aortic valve stenosis before and after transcatheter aortic valve implantation. Cardiovasc Interv Ther. 35(1):72-84, 2020
                                              3. Pawade T et al: Why and how to measure aortic valve calcification in patients with aortic stenosis. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 12(9):1835-48, 2019
                                              4. Wilson R et al: Transcatheter aortic and mitral valve replacements. Radiol Clin North Am. 57(1):165-78, 2019
                                              5. Blanke P et al: Computed tomography imaging in the context of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) / transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR): an expert consensus document of the Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography. J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr. 13(1):1-20, 2018
                                              6. Clavel MA et al: Cardiac imaging for assessing low-gradient severe aortic stenosis. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 10(2):185-202, 2017
                                              7. Bennett CJ et al: CT and MR imaging of the aortic valve: radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 32(5):1399-420, 2012
                                              8. Ferguson EC et al: Cardiac and pericardial calcifications on chest radiographs. Clin Radiol. 65(9):685-94, 2010
                                              Related Anatomy
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                                              Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                              References
                                              Tables

                                              Tables

                                              KEY FACTS

                                              • Terminology

                                                • Imaging

                                                  • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                    • Pathology

                                                      • Clinical Issues

                                                        TERMINOLOGY

                                                        • Definitions

                                                          • Aortic valve disease: Aortic regurgitation (AR), aortic stenosis (AS)

                                                        IMAGING

                                                        • General Features

                                                          • Radiographic Findings

                                                            • CT Findings

                                                              • MR Findings

                                                                • Echocardiographic Findings

                                                                  • Angiographic Findings

                                                                    • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                        PATHOLOGY

                                                                        • General Features

                                                                          • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                              • Microscopic Features

                                                                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                                • Presentation

                                                                                  • Demographics

                                                                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                      • Treatment

                                                                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                          Selected References

                                                                                          1. Galian-Gay L et al: Multimodality imaging in bicuspid aortic valve. Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 63(4):442-51, 2020
                                                                                          2. Takaoka H et al: Utility of computed tomography in cases of aortic valve stenosis before and after transcatheter aortic valve implantation. Cardiovasc Interv Ther. 35(1):72-84, 2020
                                                                                          3. Pawade T et al: Why and how to measure aortic valve calcification in patients with aortic stenosis. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 12(9):1835-48, 2019
                                                                                          4. Wilson R et al: Transcatheter aortic and mitral valve replacements. Radiol Clin North Am. 57(1):165-78, 2019
                                                                                          5. Blanke P et al: Computed tomography imaging in the context of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) / transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR): an expert consensus document of the Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography. J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr. 13(1):1-20, 2018
                                                                                          6. Clavel MA et al: Cardiac imaging for assessing low-gradient severe aortic stenosis. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 10(2):185-202, 2017
                                                                                          7. Bennett CJ et al: CT and MR imaging of the aortic valve: radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 32(5):1399-420, 2012
                                                                                          8. Ferguson EC et al: Cardiac and pericardial calcifications on chest radiographs. Clin Radiol. 65(9):685-94, 2010