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Arteriovenous Fistulas Involving Kidney Transplants
Ghaneh Fananapazir, MD, FSAR, FSRU, FSABI
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Abbreviations

              • Arteriovenous fistula (AVF)
            • Definitions

              • Abnormal connection between artery and vein that bypasses capillaries

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                    • Angiographic Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                • Treatment

                                  Selected References

                                  1. Osako K et al: Arteriovenous fistulas after ultrasound-guided needle biopsy of kidney allografts and treatment outcomes after transcatheter embolization: a single-center experience in Japan. Clinical and Experimental Nephrology 24.10: 963-70, 2020
                                  2. Sugi M et al: Imaging of renal transplant complications throughout the life of the allograft: comprehensive multimodality review. Radiographics 39(5): 1327-55, 2019
                                  3. Granata A et al: Renal transplant vascular complications: the role of Doppler ultrasound. J Ultrasound. 18(2):101-7, 2015
                                  4. Lorenzen J et al: Post-biopsy arteriovenous fistula in transplant kidney: treatment with superselective transcatheter embolisation. Eur J Radiol. 81(5):e721-6, 2012
                                  5. Rivera M et al: Asymptomatic large extracapsular renal pseudoaneurysm following kidney transplant biopsy. Am J Kidney Dis. 57(1):175-8, 2011
                                  6. Loffroy R et al: Management of post-biopsy renal allograft arteriovenous fistulas with selective arterial embolization: immediate and long-term outcomes. Clin Radiol. 63(6):657-65, 2008
                                  Related Anatomy
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                                  Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                  References
                                  Tables

                                  Tables

                                  KEY FACTS

                                  • Terminology

                                    • Imaging

                                      • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                        • Pathology

                                          • Clinical Issues

                                            TERMINOLOGY

                                            • Abbreviations

                                              • Arteriovenous fistula (AVF)
                                            • Definitions

                                              • Abnormal connection between artery and vein that bypasses capillaries

                                            IMAGING

                                            • General Features

                                              • CT Findings

                                                • MR Findings

                                                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                    • Angiographic Findings

                                                      • Imaging Recommendations

                                                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                          PATHOLOGY

                                                          • General Features

                                                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                            • Presentation

                                                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                • Treatment

                                                                  Selected References

                                                                  1. Osako K et al: Arteriovenous fistulas after ultrasound-guided needle biopsy of kidney allografts and treatment outcomes after transcatheter embolization: a single-center experience in Japan. Clinical and Experimental Nephrology 24.10: 963-70, 2020
                                                                  2. Sugi M et al: Imaging of renal transplant complications throughout the life of the allograft: comprehensive multimodality review. Radiographics 39(5): 1327-55, 2019
                                                                  3. Granata A et al: Renal transplant vascular complications: the role of Doppler ultrasound. J Ultrasound. 18(2):101-7, 2015
                                                                  4. Lorenzen J et al: Post-biopsy arteriovenous fistula in transplant kidney: treatment with superselective transcatheter embolisation. Eur J Radiol. 81(5):e721-6, 2012
                                                                  5. Rivera M et al: Asymptomatic large extracapsular renal pseudoaneurysm following kidney transplant biopsy. Am J Kidney Dis. 57(1):175-8, 2011
                                                                  6. Loffroy R et al: Management of post-biopsy renal allograft arteriovenous fistulas with selective arterial embolization: immediate and long-term outcomes. Clin Radiol. 63(6):657-65, 2008