link
Bookmarks
Arteriovenous Malformation (Musculoskeletal)
A. Carlson Merrow, Jr., MD, FAAP
To access 4,300 diagnoses written by the world's leading experts in radiology.Try it free - 15 days
0
4
3
2

KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Definitions

            • Arteriovenous malformation (AVM): Congenital high-flow vascular lesion with abnormal direct connections between arteries & veins (i.e., no intervening capillary bed)

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

              PATHOLOGY

              • General Features

                CLINICAL ISSUES

                • Presentation

                  • Demographics

                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                      • Treatment

                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                          Selected References

                          1. Plumptre I et al: Atypical capillary malformations with subsequent diplegia: a difficult case of capillary malformation-arteriovenous malformation syndrome. Pediatr Dermatol. 37(1):162-4, 2020
                          2. Hawkins CM et al: Diagnosis and management of extracranial vascular malformations in children: arteriovenous malformations, venous malformations, and lymphatic malformations. Semin Roentgenol. 54(4):337-48, 2019
                          3. Sibley CD et al: Capillary malformation-arteriovenous malformation syndrome. JAMA Dermatol. 155(6):733, 2019
                          4. Lacalm A et al: Prenatal diagnosis of cerebral and extracerebral high-flow lesions revealing familial capillary malformation-arteriovenous malformation (CM-AVM) syndrome. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 51(3):409-11, 2018
                          5. Rosenberg TL et al: Arteriovenous malformations of the head and neck. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 51(1):185-95, 2018
                          6. Do YS et al: Special consideration for intraosseous arteriovenous malformations. Semin Intervent Radiol. 34(3):272-9, 2017
                          7. Johnson CM et al: Clinical and sonographic features of pediatric soft-tissue vascular anomalies part 2: vascular malformations. Pediatr Radiol. 47(9):1196-208, 2017
                          8. Dunham GM et al: Finding the nidus: detection and workup of non-central nervous system arteriovenous malformations. Radiographics. 36(3):891-903, 2016
                          9. Le Fourn É et al: Efficacy and safety of embolization in arteriovenous malformations of the extremities and head and neck: a retrospective study of 32 cases. Eur J Dermatol. 25(1):52-6, 2015
                          10. Patel AS et al: Atypical MRI features in soft-tissue arteriovenous malformation: a novel imaging appearance with radiologic-pathologic correlation. Pediatr Radiol. 45(10):1515-21, 2015
                          11. Wassef M et al: Vascular anomalies classification: recommendations from the International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies. Pediatrics. 136(1):e203-14, 2015
                          12. Overcash RT et al: Maternal and fetal capillary malformation-arteriovenous malformation (CM-AVM) due to a novel RASA1 mutation presenting with prenatal non-immune hydrops fetalis. Am J Med Genet A. 167A(10):2440-3, 2015
                          13. Uller W et al: Arteriovenous malformations. Semin Pediatr Surg. 23(4):203-7, 2014
                          14. Kurek KC et al: PTEN hamartoma of soft tissue: a distinctive lesion in PTEN syndromes. Am J Surg Pathol. 36(5):671-87, 2012
                          15. Flors L et al: MR imaging of soft-tissue vascular malformations: diagnosis, classification, and therapy follow-up. Radiographics. 31(5):1321-40; discussion 1340-1, 2011
                          16. Revencu N et al: RASA1 mutations and associated phenotypes in 68 families with capillary malformation-arteriovenous malformation. Hum Mutat. 34(12):1632-41, 2013
                          17. Dubois J et al: Vascular anomalies: what a radiologist needs to know. Pediatr Radiol. 40(6):895-905, 2010
                          18. Legiehn GM et al: A step-by-step practical approach to imaging diagnosis and interventional radiologic therapy in vascular malformations. Semin Intervent Radiol. 27(2):209-31, 2010
                          19. Liu AS et al: Extracranial arteriovenous malformations: natural progression and recurrence after treatment. Plast Reconstr Surg. 125(4):1185-94, 2010
                          20. Lobo-Mueller E et al: Extremity vascular anomalies in children: introduction, classification, and imaging. Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 13(3):210-35, 2009
                          21. Bayrak-Toydemir P et al: Capillary Malformation-Arteriovenous Malformation Syndrome, 1993
                          Related Anatomy
                          Loading...
                          Related Differential Diagnoses
                          Loading...
                          References
                          Tables

                          Tables

                          KEY FACTS

                          • Terminology

                            • Imaging

                              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                • Clinical Issues

                                  TERMINOLOGY

                                  • Definitions

                                    • Arteriovenous malformation (AVM): Congenital high-flow vascular lesion with abnormal direct connections between arteries & veins (i.e., no intervening capillary bed)

                                  IMAGING

                                  • General Features

                                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                      PATHOLOGY

                                      • General Features

                                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                                        • Presentation

                                          • Demographics

                                            • Natural History & Prognosis

                                              • Treatment

                                                DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                  Selected References

                                                  1. Plumptre I et al: Atypical capillary malformations with subsequent diplegia: a difficult case of capillary malformation-arteriovenous malformation syndrome. Pediatr Dermatol. 37(1):162-4, 2020
                                                  2. Hawkins CM et al: Diagnosis and management of extracranial vascular malformations in children: arteriovenous malformations, venous malformations, and lymphatic malformations. Semin Roentgenol. 54(4):337-48, 2019
                                                  3. Sibley CD et al: Capillary malformation-arteriovenous malformation syndrome. JAMA Dermatol. 155(6):733, 2019
                                                  4. Lacalm A et al: Prenatal diagnosis of cerebral and extracerebral high-flow lesions revealing familial capillary malformation-arteriovenous malformation (CM-AVM) syndrome. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 51(3):409-11, 2018
                                                  5. Rosenberg TL et al: Arteriovenous malformations of the head and neck. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 51(1):185-95, 2018
                                                  6. Do YS et al: Special consideration for intraosseous arteriovenous malformations. Semin Intervent Radiol. 34(3):272-9, 2017
                                                  7. Johnson CM et al: Clinical and sonographic features of pediatric soft-tissue vascular anomalies part 2: vascular malformations. Pediatr Radiol. 47(9):1196-208, 2017
                                                  8. Dunham GM et al: Finding the nidus: detection and workup of non-central nervous system arteriovenous malformations. Radiographics. 36(3):891-903, 2016
                                                  9. Le Fourn É et al: Efficacy and safety of embolization in arteriovenous malformations of the extremities and head and neck: a retrospective study of 32 cases. Eur J Dermatol. 25(1):52-6, 2015
                                                  10. Patel AS et al: Atypical MRI features in soft-tissue arteriovenous malformation: a novel imaging appearance with radiologic-pathologic correlation. Pediatr Radiol. 45(10):1515-21, 2015
                                                  11. Wassef M et al: Vascular anomalies classification: recommendations from the International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies. Pediatrics. 136(1):e203-14, 2015
                                                  12. Overcash RT et al: Maternal and fetal capillary malformation-arteriovenous malformation (CM-AVM) due to a novel RASA1 mutation presenting with prenatal non-immune hydrops fetalis. Am J Med Genet A. 167A(10):2440-3, 2015
                                                  13. Uller W et al: Arteriovenous malformations. Semin Pediatr Surg. 23(4):203-7, 2014
                                                  14. Kurek KC et al: PTEN hamartoma of soft tissue: a distinctive lesion in PTEN syndromes. Am J Surg Pathol. 36(5):671-87, 2012
                                                  15. Flors L et al: MR imaging of soft-tissue vascular malformations: diagnosis, classification, and therapy follow-up. Radiographics. 31(5):1321-40; discussion 1340-1, 2011
                                                  16. Revencu N et al: RASA1 mutations and associated phenotypes in 68 families with capillary malformation-arteriovenous malformation. Hum Mutat. 34(12):1632-41, 2013
                                                  17. Dubois J et al: Vascular anomalies: what a radiologist needs to know. Pediatr Radiol. 40(6):895-905, 2010
                                                  18. Legiehn GM et al: A step-by-step practical approach to imaging diagnosis and interventional radiologic therapy in vascular malformations. Semin Intervent Radiol. 27(2):209-31, 2010
                                                  19. Liu AS et al: Extracranial arteriovenous malformations: natural progression and recurrence after treatment. Plast Reconstr Surg. 125(4):1185-94, 2010
                                                  20. Lobo-Mueller E et al: Extremity vascular anomalies in children: introduction, classification, and imaging. Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 13(3):210-35, 2009
                                                  21. Bayrak-Toydemir P et al: Capillary Malformation-Arteriovenous Malformation Syndrome, 1993