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Arthrogryposis
Arthur B. Meyers, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Pathology

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Abbreviations

            • Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC)
          • Synonyms

            • Arthrogryposis, multiple congenital contractures, multiple congenital rigid joints, myodystrophia fetalis deformans
          • Definitions

            • AMC: Not specific diagnosis but descriptive term for infant born with ≥ 2 joint contractures
              • > 300 underlying causes

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Radiographic Findings

              • MR Findings

                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                  • Imaging Recommendations

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                        • Presentation

                          • Demographics

                            • Natural History & Prognosis

                              • Treatment

                                DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                  Selected References

                                  1. van Bosse HJ: Syndromic feet: arthrogryposis and myelomeningocele. Foot Ankle Clin. 20(4):619-44, 2015
                                  2. Hall JG et al: Amyoplasia revisited. Am J Med Genet A. 164A(3):700-30, 2014
                                  3. Rink BD: Arthrogryposis: a review and approach to prenatal diagnosis. Obstet Gynecol Surv. 66(6):369-77, 2011
                                  4. Bamshad M et al: Arthrogryposis: a review and update. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 91 Suppl 4:40-6, 2009
                                  5. Borowski A et al: Diagnostic imaging of the knee in children with arthrogryposis and knee extension or hyperextension contracture. J Pediatr Orthop. 28(4):466-70, 2008
                                  6. Diamond LS et al: Perinatal fractures in arthrogryposis multiplex congenita. J Pediatr Orthop. 1(2):189-92, 1981
                                  7. EPSTEIN BS: Radiographic identification of arthrogryposis multiplex congenita in utero. Radiology. 77:108-10, 1961
                                  Related Anatomy
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                                  Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                  References
                                  Tables

                                  Tables

                                  KEY FACTS

                                  • Terminology

                                    • Imaging

                                      • Pathology

                                        • Clinical Issues

                                          TERMINOLOGY

                                          • Abbreviations

                                            • Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC)
                                          • Synonyms

                                            • Arthrogryposis, multiple congenital contractures, multiple congenital rigid joints, myodystrophia fetalis deformans
                                          • Definitions

                                            • AMC: Not specific diagnosis but descriptive term for infant born with ≥ 2 joint contractures
                                              • > 300 underlying causes

                                          IMAGING

                                          • General Features

                                            • Radiographic Findings

                                              • MR Findings

                                                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                  • Imaging Recommendations

                                                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                      PATHOLOGY

                                                      • General Features

                                                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                        • Presentation

                                                          • Demographics

                                                            • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                              • Treatment

                                                                DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                  Selected References

                                                                  1. van Bosse HJ: Syndromic feet: arthrogryposis and myelomeningocele. Foot Ankle Clin. 20(4):619-44, 2015
                                                                  2. Hall JG et al: Amyoplasia revisited. Am J Med Genet A. 164A(3):700-30, 2014
                                                                  3. Rink BD: Arthrogryposis: a review and approach to prenatal diagnosis. Obstet Gynecol Surv. 66(6):369-77, 2011
                                                                  4. Bamshad M et al: Arthrogryposis: a review and update. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 91 Suppl 4:40-6, 2009
                                                                  5. Borowski A et al: Diagnostic imaging of the knee in children with arthrogryposis and knee extension or hyperextension contracture. J Pediatr Orthop. 28(4):466-70, 2008
                                                                  6. Diamond LS et al: Perinatal fractures in arthrogryposis multiplex congenita. J Pediatr Orthop. 1(2):189-92, 1981
                                                                  7. EPSTEIN BS: Radiographic identification of arthrogryposis multiplex congenita in utero. Radiology. 77:108-10, 1961