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Ascites
Siva P. Raman, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Pathology

        TERMINOLOGY

        • Definitions

          • Pathologic accumulation of fluid within peritoneal cavity

        IMAGING

        • General Features

          • Radiographic Findings

            • CT Findings

              • MR Findings

                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                  • Imaging Recommendations

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                          • Microscopic Features

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                • Treatment

                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                  • Consider

                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                      Selected References

                                      1. Farsad K et al: Clinical and radiologic evaluation of patients before TIPS creation. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 203(4):739-45, 2014
                                      2. Ishizawa T et al: Risk factors and management of ascites after liver resection to treat hepatocellular carcinoma. Arch Surg. 144(1):46-51, 2009
                                      3. Olthof E et al: Chyloperitoneum following abdominal aortic surgery. Vascular. 16(5):258-62, 2008
                                      4. Hanbidge AE et al: US of the peritoneum. Radiographics. 23(3):663-84; discussion 684-5, 2003
                                      5. Jeffery J et al: Ascitic fluid analysis: the role of biochemistry and haematology. Hosp Med. 62(5): 282-6, 2001
                                      6. Heneghan MA et al: Pathogenesis of ascites in cirrhosis and portal hypertension. Med Sci Monit. 6(4):807-16, 2000
                                      7. Habeeb KS et al: Management of ascites. Paracentesis as a guide. Postgrad Med. 101(1): 191-2, 195-200, 1997
                                      8. Henriksen JH et al: Ascites formation in liver cirrhosis: the how and the why. Dig Dis. 8(3):152-62, 1990
                                      Related Anatomy
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                                      Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                      References
                                      Tables

                                      Tables

                                      KEY FACTS

                                      • Terminology

                                        • Imaging

                                          • Pathology

                                            TERMINOLOGY

                                            • Definitions

                                              • Pathologic accumulation of fluid within peritoneal cavity

                                            IMAGING

                                            • General Features

                                              • Radiographic Findings

                                                • CT Findings

                                                  • MR Findings

                                                    • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                      • Imaging Recommendations

                                                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                          PATHOLOGY

                                                          • General Features

                                                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                              • Microscopic Features

                                                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                • Presentation

                                                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                    • Treatment

                                                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                      • Consider

                                                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                          Selected References

                                                                          1. Farsad K et al: Clinical and radiologic evaluation of patients before TIPS creation. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 203(4):739-45, 2014
                                                                          2. Ishizawa T et al: Risk factors and management of ascites after liver resection to treat hepatocellular carcinoma. Arch Surg. 144(1):46-51, 2009
                                                                          3. Olthof E et al: Chyloperitoneum following abdominal aortic surgery. Vascular. 16(5):258-62, 2008
                                                                          4. Hanbidge AE et al: US of the peritoneum. Radiographics. 23(3):663-84; discussion 684-5, 2003
                                                                          5. Jeffery J et al: Ascitic fluid analysis: the role of biochemistry and haematology. Hosp Med. 62(5): 282-6, 2001
                                                                          6. Heneghan MA et al: Pathogenesis of ascites in cirrhosis and portal hypertension. Med Sci Monit. 6(4):807-16, 2000
                                                                          7. Habeeb KS et al: Management of ascites. Paracentesis as a guide. Postgrad Med. 101(1): 191-2, 195-200, 1997
                                                                          8. Henriksen JH et al: Ascites formation in liver cirrhosis: the how and the why. Dig Dis. 8(3):152-62, 1990