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Atherosclerosis
Carlos S. Restrepo, MD; Santiago Martínez-Jiménez, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Synonyms

            • Arteriosclerosis
          • Definitions

            • Lipid deposition on arterial walls leading to thickening, hardening, and occlusion

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Radiographic Findings

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                    • Angiographic Findings

                      • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                              • Microscopic Features

                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                • Presentation

                                  • Demographics

                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                      • Treatment

                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                        • Consider

                                          Selected References

                                          1. Desai MY et al: Thoracic aortic calcification: diagnostic, prognostic, and management considerations. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 11(7):1012-26, 2018
                                          2. Greenland P et al: Coronary calcium score and cardiovascular risk. J Am Coll Cardiol. 72(4):434-47, 2018
                                          3. Mori H et al: Coronary artery calcification and its progression: what does it really mean? JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 11(1):127-42, 2018
                                          4. Tarkin JM et al: Imaging atherosclerosis. Circ Res. 118(4):750-69, 2016
                                          5. Rocha-Singh KJ et al: Peripheral arterial calcification: prevalence, mechanism, detection, and clinical implications. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 83(6):E212-20, 2014
                                          6. Insull W Jr: The pathology of atherosclerosis: plaque development and plaque responses to medical treatment. Am J Med. 122(1 Suppl):S3-14, 2009
                                          Related Anatomy
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                                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                          References
                                          Tables

                                          Tables

                                          KEY FACTS

                                          • Terminology

                                            • Imaging

                                              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                • Clinical Issues

                                                  TERMINOLOGY

                                                  • Synonyms

                                                    • Arteriosclerosis
                                                  • Definitions

                                                    • Lipid deposition on arterial walls leading to thickening, hardening, and occlusion

                                                  IMAGING

                                                  • General Features

                                                    • Radiographic Findings

                                                      • CT Findings

                                                        • MR Findings

                                                          • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                            • Angiographic Findings

                                                              • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                  PATHOLOGY

                                                                  • General Features

                                                                    • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                      • Microscopic Features

                                                                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                        • Presentation

                                                                          • Demographics

                                                                            • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                              • Treatment

                                                                                DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                • Consider

                                                                                  Selected References

                                                                                  1. Desai MY et al: Thoracic aortic calcification: diagnostic, prognostic, and management considerations. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 11(7):1012-26, 2018
                                                                                  2. Greenland P et al: Coronary calcium score and cardiovascular risk. J Am Coll Cardiol. 72(4):434-47, 2018
                                                                                  3. Mori H et al: Coronary artery calcification and its progression: what does it really mean? JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 11(1):127-42, 2018
                                                                                  4. Tarkin JM et al: Imaging atherosclerosis. Circ Res. 118(4):750-69, 2016
                                                                                  5. Rocha-Singh KJ et al: Peripheral arterial calcification: prevalence, mechanism, detection, and clinical implications. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 83(6):E212-20, 2014
                                                                                  6. Insull W Jr: The pathology of atherosclerosis: plaque development and plaque responses to medical treatment. Am J Med. 122(1 Suppl):S3-14, 2009