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Atretic Cephalocele
Paula J. Woodward, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Definitions

              • Atretic cephalocele (AC): Form fruste of encephalocele with dura, fibrous tissue, and dysplastic neuroglial rests

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Imaging Recommendations

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                          • Presentation

                            • Demographics

                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                • Treatment

                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                  • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                    Selected References

                                    1. Lau WL et al: Prenatal diagnosis of familial atretic encephalocele. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 54(2):277-9, 2019
                                    2. Demir MK et al: Atretic cephaloceles: a comprehensive analysis of historical cohort. Childs Nerv Syst. 32(12):2327-37, 2016
                                    3. Santos SF et al: Atretic parietal encephalocoele. BMJ Case Rep. 2016, 2016
                                    4. Bick DS et al: A scalp lesion with intracranial extension. Atretic cephalocele. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 141(3):289-90, 2015
                                    5. Siverino RO et al: Parietal atretic cephalocele: associated cerebral anomalies identified by CT and MR imaging. Neuroradiol J. 28(2):217-21, 2015
                                    6. Leykamm S et al: Atretic cephalocele and associated anomalies in a newborn child. Clin Neuroradiol. 23(1):37-40, 2013
                                    7. Hsu SW et al: Atretic parietal cephalocele associated with sinus pericranii: embryological consideration. Brain Dev. 34(4):325-8, 2012
                                    8. Wong SL et al: Atretic cephalocele - an uncommon cause of cystic scalp mass. Malays J Med Sci. 17(3):61-3, 2010
                                    9. Güzel A et al: Atretic parietal cephalocele. Pediatr Neurosurg. 43(1):72-3, 2007
                                    Related Anatomy
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                                    Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                    References
                                    Tables

                                    Tables

                                    KEY FACTS

                                    • Terminology

                                      • Imaging

                                        • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                          • Pathology

                                            • Clinical Issues

                                              TERMINOLOGY

                                              • Definitions

                                                • Atretic cephalocele (AC): Form fruste of encephalocele with dura, fibrous tissue, and dysplastic neuroglial rests

                                              IMAGING

                                              • General Features

                                                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                  • MR Findings

                                                    • Imaging Recommendations

                                                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                        PATHOLOGY

                                                        • General Features

                                                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                            • Presentation

                                                              • Demographics

                                                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                  • Treatment

                                                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                      Selected References

                                                                      1. Lau WL et al: Prenatal diagnosis of familial atretic encephalocele. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 54(2):277-9, 2019
                                                                      2. Demir MK et al: Atretic cephaloceles: a comprehensive analysis of historical cohort. Childs Nerv Syst. 32(12):2327-37, 2016
                                                                      3. Santos SF et al: Atretic parietal encephalocoele. BMJ Case Rep. 2016, 2016
                                                                      4. Bick DS et al: A scalp lesion with intracranial extension. Atretic cephalocele. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 141(3):289-90, 2015
                                                                      5. Siverino RO et al: Parietal atretic cephalocele: associated cerebral anomalies identified by CT and MR imaging. Neuroradiol J. 28(2):217-21, 2015
                                                                      6. Leykamm S et al: Atretic cephalocele and associated anomalies in a newborn child. Clin Neuroradiol. 23(1):37-40, 2013
                                                                      7. Hsu SW et al: Atretic parietal cephalocele associated with sinus pericranii: embryological consideration. Brain Dev. 34(4):325-8, 2012
                                                                      8. Wong SL et al: Atretic cephalocele - an uncommon cause of cystic scalp mass. Malays J Med Sci. 17(3):61-3, 2010
                                                                      9. Güzel A et al: Atretic parietal cephalocele. Pediatr Neurosurg. 43(1):72-3, 2007