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Atretic Cephalocele
Kevin R. Moore, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Abbreviations

                • Atretic parietal cephalocele (APC)
              • Definitions

                • Cephalocele "form fruste" consisting of dura, fibrous tissue, and dysplastic brain tissue

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • Radiographic Findings

                  • CT Findings

                    • MR Findings

                      • Ultrasonographic Findings

                        • Imaging Recommendations

                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                            PATHOLOGY

                            • General Features

                              • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                • Microscopic Features

                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                  • Presentation

                                    • Demographics

                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                        • Treatment

                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                          • Consider

                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                              Selected References

                                              1. Hsu SW et al: Atretic parietal cephalocele associated with sinus pericranii: embryological consideration. Brain Dev. 34(4):325-8, 2012
                                              2. Morioka T et al: Detailed anatomy of intracranial venous anomalies associated with atretic parietal cephaloceles revealed by high-resolution 3D-CISS and high-field T2-weighted reversed MR images. Childs Nerv Syst. 25(3):309-15, 2009
                                              3. Güzel A et al: Atretic parietal cephalocele. Pediatr Neurosurg. 43(1):72-3, 2007
                                              4. Hunt JA et al: Common craniofacial anomalies: facial clefts and encephaloceles. Plast Reconstr Surg. 112(2):606-15; quiz 616,722, 2003
                                              5. Abubacker S et al: Adult atretic parietal cephalocele. Neurol India. 50(3):334-6, 2002
                                              6. Agthong S et al: Encephalomeningocele cases over 10 years in Thailand: a case series. BMC Neurol. 2:3, 2002
                                              7. Aydin MD: Atretic cephalocele communicating with lateral ventricles. Childs Nerv Syst. 17(11):679-80, 2001
                                              8. Yamazaki T et al: Atretic cephalocele--report of two cases with special reference to embryology. Childs Nerv Syst. 17(11):674-8, 2001
                                              9. Brunelle F et al: Intracranial venous anomalies associated with atretic cephalocoeles. Pediatr Radiol. 30(11):743-7, 2000
                                              10. Gulati K et al: Atretic cephalocele: contribution of magnetic resonance imaging in preoperative diagnosis. Pediatr Neurosurg. 33(4):208-10, 2000
                                              11. Koral K et al: encephalocele: report of two cases and review of the literature. Australas Radiol. 44(2):220-4, 2000
                                              12. Patterson RJ et al: Atretic parietal cephaloceles revisited: an enlarging clinical and imaging spectrum? AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 19(4):791-5, 1998
                                              13. Saatci I et al: An atretic parietal cephalocele associated with multiple intracranial and eye anomalies. Neuroradiology. 40(12):812-5, 1998
                                              14. Hong EK et al: Atretic encephalocele/myelocele--case reports with emphasis on pathogenesis. J Korean Med Sci. 11(4):364-8, 1996
                                              15. Martínez-Lage JF et al: The child with a cephalocele: etiology, neuroimaging, and outcome. Childs Nerv Syst. 12(9):540-50, 1996
                                              16. Martinez-Lage JF et al: Atretic cephalocele: the tip of the iceberg. J Neurosurg. 77(2):230-5, 1992
                                              17. Yokota A et al: Parietal cephalocele: clinical importance of its atretic form and associated malformations. J Neurosurg. 69(4):545-51, 1988
                                              18. Yamada H et al: Peculiar congenital parieto-occipital head tumor: report of 3 cases. Childs Brain. 5(4):426-32, 1979
                                              19. Laine FJ et al: 1: Techniques, embryologic development, and anatomy. Radiographics. 1990 Jul;10(4):591-602. 10(4):591-602,
                                              20. Laine FJ et al: 2. Pathologic spectrum. Radiographics. 1990 Sep;10(5):797-821. Review. PubMed PMID: 2217972.
                                              21. Laine FJ et al: considerations. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 1993 Jun;14(3):160-77. Review. PubMed PMID: 8357619.
                                              Related Anatomy
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                                              Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                              References
                                              Tables

                                              Tables

                                              KEY FACTS

                                              • Terminology

                                                • Imaging

                                                  • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                    • Pathology

                                                      • Clinical Issues

                                                        • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                          TERMINOLOGY

                                                          • Abbreviations

                                                            • Atretic parietal cephalocele (APC)
                                                          • Definitions

                                                            • Cephalocele "form fruste" consisting of dura, fibrous tissue, and dysplastic brain tissue

                                                          IMAGING

                                                          • General Features

                                                            • Radiographic Findings

                                                              • CT Findings

                                                                • MR Findings

                                                                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                                    • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                        PATHOLOGY

                                                                        • General Features

                                                                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                            • Microscopic Features

                                                                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                              • Presentation

                                                                                • Demographics

                                                                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                    • Treatment

                                                                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                      • Consider

                                                                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                          Selected References

                                                                                          1. Hsu SW et al: Atretic parietal cephalocele associated with sinus pericranii: embryological consideration. Brain Dev. 34(4):325-8, 2012
                                                                                          2. Morioka T et al: Detailed anatomy of intracranial venous anomalies associated with atretic parietal cephaloceles revealed by high-resolution 3D-CISS and high-field T2-weighted reversed MR images. Childs Nerv Syst. 25(3):309-15, 2009
                                                                                          3. Güzel A et al: Atretic parietal cephalocele. Pediatr Neurosurg. 43(1):72-3, 2007
                                                                                          4. Hunt JA et al: Common craniofacial anomalies: facial clefts and encephaloceles. Plast Reconstr Surg. 112(2):606-15; quiz 616,722, 2003
                                                                                          5. Abubacker S et al: Adult atretic parietal cephalocele. Neurol India. 50(3):334-6, 2002
                                                                                          6. Agthong S et al: Encephalomeningocele cases over 10 years in Thailand: a case series. BMC Neurol. 2:3, 2002
                                                                                          7. Aydin MD: Atretic cephalocele communicating with lateral ventricles. Childs Nerv Syst. 17(11):679-80, 2001
                                                                                          8. Yamazaki T et al: Atretic cephalocele--report of two cases with special reference to embryology. Childs Nerv Syst. 17(11):674-8, 2001
                                                                                          9. Brunelle F et al: Intracranial venous anomalies associated with atretic cephalocoeles. Pediatr Radiol. 30(11):743-7, 2000
                                                                                          10. Gulati K et al: Atretic cephalocele: contribution of magnetic resonance imaging in preoperative diagnosis. Pediatr Neurosurg. 33(4):208-10, 2000
                                                                                          11. Koral K et al: encephalocele: report of two cases and review of the literature. Australas Radiol. 44(2):220-4, 2000
                                                                                          12. Patterson RJ et al: Atretic parietal cephaloceles revisited: an enlarging clinical and imaging spectrum? AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 19(4):791-5, 1998
                                                                                          13. Saatci I et al: An atretic parietal cephalocele associated with multiple intracranial and eye anomalies. Neuroradiology. 40(12):812-5, 1998
                                                                                          14. Hong EK et al: Atretic encephalocele/myelocele--case reports with emphasis on pathogenesis. J Korean Med Sci. 11(4):364-8, 1996
                                                                                          15. Martínez-Lage JF et al: The child with a cephalocele: etiology, neuroimaging, and outcome. Childs Nerv Syst. 12(9):540-50, 1996
                                                                                          16. Martinez-Lage JF et al: Atretic cephalocele: the tip of the iceberg. J Neurosurg. 77(2):230-5, 1992
                                                                                          17. Yokota A et al: Parietal cephalocele: clinical importance of its atretic form and associated malformations. J Neurosurg. 69(4):545-51, 1988
                                                                                          18. Yamada H et al: Peculiar congenital parieto-occipital head tumor: report of 3 cases. Childs Brain. 5(4):426-32, 1979
                                                                                          19. Laine FJ et al: 1: Techniques, embryologic development, and anatomy. Radiographics. 1990 Jul;10(4):591-602. 10(4):591-602,
                                                                                          20. Laine FJ et al: 2. Pathologic spectrum. Radiographics. 1990 Sep;10(5):797-821. Review. PubMed PMID: 2217972.
                                                                                          21. Laine FJ et al: considerations. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 1993 Jun;14(3):160-77. Review. PubMed PMID: 8357619.