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Atretic Cephalocele
Anne G. Osborn, MD, FACR; Kevin R. Moore, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Abbreviations

                • Atretic parietal cephalocele (APC)
              • Definitions

                • Cephalocele "form fruste" consisting of dura, fibrous tissue, and dysplastic brain tissue

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • Radiographic Findings

                  • CT Findings

                    • MR Findings

                      • Ultrasonographic Findings

                        • Imaging Recommendations

                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                            PATHOLOGY

                            • General Features

                              • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                • Microscopic Features

                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                  • Presentation

                                    • Demographics

                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                        • Treatment

                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                          • Consider

                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                              Selected References

                                              1. Leykamm S et al: Atretic cephalocele and associated anomalies in a newborn child. Clin Neuroradiol. 23(1):37-40, 2013
                                              2. Hsu SW et al: Atretic parietal cephalocele associated with sinus pericranii: embryological consideration. Brain Dev. 34(4):325-8, 2012
                                              3. Şengöz A et al: Atretic cephalocele in adults. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 153(11):2275-7, 2011
                                              4. Morioka T et al: Detailed anatomy of intracranial venous anomalies associated with atretic parietal cephaloceles revealed by high-resolution 3D-CISS and high-field T2-weighted reversed MR images. Childs Nerv Syst. 25(3):309-15, 2009
                                              5. Güzel A et al: Atretic parietal cephalocele. Pediatr Neurosurg. 43(1):72-3, 2007
                                              6. Hunt JA et al: Common craniofacial anomalies: facial clefts and encephaloceles. Plast Reconstr Surg. 112(2):606-15; quiz 616,722, 2003
                                              7. Yamazaki T et al: Atretic cephalocele--report of two cases with special reference to embryology. Childs Nerv Syst. 17(11):674-8, 2001
                                              8. Brunelle F et al: Intracranial venous anomalies associated with atretic cephalocoeles. Pediatr Radiol. 30(11):743-7, 2000
                                              9. Gulati K et al: Atretic cephalocele: contribution of magnetic resonance imaging in preoperative diagnosis. Pediatr Neurosurg. 33(4):208-10, 2000
                                              Related Anatomy
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                                              Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                              References
                                              Tables

                                              Tables

                                              KEY FACTS

                                              • Terminology

                                                • Imaging

                                                  • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                    • Pathology

                                                      • Clinical Issues

                                                        • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                          TERMINOLOGY

                                                          • Abbreviations

                                                            • Atretic parietal cephalocele (APC)
                                                          • Definitions

                                                            • Cephalocele "form fruste" consisting of dura, fibrous tissue, and dysplastic brain tissue

                                                          IMAGING

                                                          • General Features

                                                            • Radiographic Findings

                                                              • CT Findings

                                                                • MR Findings

                                                                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                                    • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                        PATHOLOGY

                                                                        • General Features

                                                                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                            • Microscopic Features

                                                                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                              • Presentation

                                                                                • Demographics

                                                                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                    • Treatment

                                                                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                      • Consider

                                                                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                          Selected References

                                                                                          1. Leykamm S et al: Atretic cephalocele and associated anomalies in a newborn child. Clin Neuroradiol. 23(1):37-40, 2013
                                                                                          2. Hsu SW et al: Atretic parietal cephalocele associated with sinus pericranii: embryological consideration. Brain Dev. 34(4):325-8, 2012
                                                                                          3. Şengöz A et al: Atretic cephalocele in adults. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 153(11):2275-7, 2011
                                                                                          4. Morioka T et al: Detailed anatomy of intracranial venous anomalies associated with atretic parietal cephaloceles revealed by high-resolution 3D-CISS and high-field T2-weighted reversed MR images. Childs Nerv Syst. 25(3):309-15, 2009
                                                                                          5. Güzel A et al: Atretic parietal cephalocele. Pediatr Neurosurg. 43(1):72-3, 2007
                                                                                          6. Hunt JA et al: Common craniofacial anomalies: facial clefts and encephaloceles. Plast Reconstr Surg. 112(2):606-15; quiz 616,722, 2003
                                                                                          7. Yamazaki T et al: Atretic cephalocele--report of two cases with special reference to embryology. Childs Nerv Syst. 17(11):674-8, 2001
                                                                                          8. Brunelle F et al: Intracranial venous anomalies associated with atretic cephalocoeles. Pediatr Radiol. 30(11):743-7, 2000
                                                                                          9. Gulati K et al: Atretic cephalocele: contribution of magnetic resonance imaging in preoperative diagnosis. Pediatr Neurosurg. 33(4):208-10, 2000