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Atrial Myxoma
Suhny Abbara, MD, FACR, FSCCT; Christopher M. Walker, MD; John P. Lichtenberger, III, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Imaging

    • Top Differential Diagnoses

      • Clinical Issues

        • Diagnostic Checklist

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Definitions

            • Most common primary cardiac neoplasm (45%)

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Radiographic Findings

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Echocardiographic Findings

                    • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                              • Microscopic Features

                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                • Presentation

                                  • Demographics

                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                      • Treatment

                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                        • Consider

                                          • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                            • Reporting Tips

                                              Selected References

                                              1. Young PM et al: Computed tomography imaging of cardiac masses. Radiol Clin North Am. 57(1):75-84, 2019
                                              2. Saba SG, et al. Characterization of cardiac masses with T! mapping. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 17 (Suppl 1):Q32, 2015
                                              3. Hoey ET et al: MRI assessment of cardiac tumours: part 1, multiparametric imaging protocols and spectrum of appearances of histologically benign lesions. Quant Imaging Med Surg. 4(6):478-88, 2014
                                              4. Kübler D et al: T1 and T2 mapping for tissue characterization of cardiac myxoma. Int J Cardiol. 169(1):e17-20, 2013
                                              5. Motwani M et al: MR imaging of cardiac tumors and masses: a review of methods and clinical applications. Radiology. 268(1):26-43, 2013
                                              6. Buckley O et al: Cardiac masses, part 2: key imaging features for diagnosis and surgical planning. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 197(5):W842-51, 2011
                                              7. O'Donnell DH et al: Cardiac tumors: optimal cardiac MR sequences and spectrum of imaging appearances. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 193(2):377-87, 2009
                                              8. Scheffel H et al: Atrial myxomas and thrombi: comparison of imaging features on CT. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 192(3):639-45, 2009
                                              9. Attili AK et al: Radiological reasoning: right atrial mass. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 188(6 Suppl):S26-30, 2007
                                              10. Niarchos C et al: Ascites and other extracardiac manifestations associated with right atrial myxoma: a case report. Angiology. 56(3):357-60, 2005
                                              11. Grebenc ML et al: Cardiac myxoma: imaging features in 83 patients. Radiographics. 22(3):673-89, 2002
                                              12. Spuentrup E et al: Visualization of cardiac myxoma mobility with real-time spiral magnetic resonance imaging. Circulation. 104(19):E101-1, 2001
                                              13. Araoz PA et al: CT and MR imaging of benign primary cardiac neoplasms with echocardiographic correlation. Radiographics. 20(5):1303-19, 2000
                                              Related Anatomy
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                                              Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                              References
                                              Tables

                                              Tables

                                              KEY FACTS

                                              • Imaging

                                                • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                  • Clinical Issues

                                                    • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                      TERMINOLOGY

                                                      • Definitions

                                                        • Most common primary cardiac neoplasm (45%)

                                                      IMAGING

                                                      • General Features

                                                        • Radiographic Findings

                                                          • CT Findings

                                                            • MR Findings

                                                              • Echocardiographic Findings

                                                                • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                                  • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                      PATHOLOGY

                                                                      • General Features

                                                                        • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                          • Microscopic Features

                                                                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                            • Presentation

                                                                              • Demographics

                                                                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                  • Treatment

                                                                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                    • Consider

                                                                                      • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                        • Reporting Tips

                                                                                          Selected References

                                                                                          1. Young PM et al: Computed tomography imaging of cardiac masses. Radiol Clin North Am. 57(1):75-84, 2019
                                                                                          2. Saba SG, et al. Characterization of cardiac masses with T! mapping. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 17 (Suppl 1):Q32, 2015
                                                                                          3. Hoey ET et al: MRI assessment of cardiac tumours: part 1, multiparametric imaging protocols and spectrum of appearances of histologically benign lesions. Quant Imaging Med Surg. 4(6):478-88, 2014
                                                                                          4. Kübler D et al: T1 and T2 mapping for tissue characterization of cardiac myxoma. Int J Cardiol. 169(1):e17-20, 2013
                                                                                          5. Motwani M et al: MR imaging of cardiac tumors and masses: a review of methods and clinical applications. Radiology. 268(1):26-43, 2013
                                                                                          6. Buckley O et al: Cardiac masses, part 2: key imaging features for diagnosis and surgical planning. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 197(5):W842-51, 2011
                                                                                          7. O'Donnell DH et al: Cardiac tumors: optimal cardiac MR sequences and spectrum of imaging appearances. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 193(2):377-87, 2009
                                                                                          8. Scheffel H et al: Atrial myxomas and thrombi: comparison of imaging features on CT. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 192(3):639-45, 2009
                                                                                          9. Attili AK et al: Radiological reasoning: right atrial mass. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 188(6 Suppl):S26-30, 2007
                                                                                          10. Niarchos C et al: Ascites and other extracardiac manifestations associated with right atrial myxoma: a case report. Angiology. 56(3):357-60, 2005
                                                                                          11. Grebenc ML et al: Cardiac myxoma: imaging features in 83 patients. Radiographics. 22(3):673-89, 2002
                                                                                          12. Spuentrup E et al: Visualization of cardiac myxoma mobility with real-time spiral magnetic resonance imaging. Circulation. 104(19):E101-1, 2001
                                                                                          13. Araoz PA et al: CT and MR imaging of benign primary cardiac neoplasms with echocardiographic correlation. Radiographics. 20(5):1303-19, 2000