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Bartholin Cysts
Marc S. Tubay, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Imaging

    • Top Differential Diagnoses

      • Clinical Issues

        TERMINOLOGY

        • Synonyms

          • Greater vestibular gland cyst
          • Major vestibular gland cyst
        • Definitions

          • Cystic dilatation of Bartholin glands

        IMAGING

        • General Features

          • CT Findings

            • MR Findings

              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                • Imaging Recommendations

                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                    PATHOLOGY

                    • General Features

                      • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                        • Microscopic Features

                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                          • Presentation

                            • Demographics

                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                • Treatment

                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                  • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                    • Reporting Tips

                                      Selected References

                                      1. Hosseinzadeh K et al: Imaging of the female perineum in adults. Radiographics. 32(4):E129-68, 2012
                                      2. Walker DK et al: Overlooked diseases of the vagina: a directed anatomic-pathologic approach for imaging assessment. Radiographics. 31(6):1583-98, 2011
                                      3. Chaudhari VV et al: MR imaging and US of female urethral and periurethral disease. Radiographics. 30(7):1857-74, 2010
                                      4. Dujardin M et al: Cystic lesions of the female reproductive system: a review. JBR-BTR. 93(2):56-61, 2010
                                      5. Wechter ME et al: Management of Bartholin duct cysts and abscesses: a systematic review. Obstet Gynecol Surv. 64(6):395-404, 2009
                                      6. Griffin N et al: Magnetic resonance imaging of vaginal and vulval pathology. Eur Radiol. 18(6):1269-80, 2008
                                      7. Elsayes KM et al: Vaginal masses: magnetic resonance imaging features with pathologic correlation. Acta Radiol. 48(8):921-33, 2007
                                      8. Dewdney S et al: Leiomyosarcoma of the vulva: a case report. J Reprod Med. 50(8):630-2, 2005
                                      9. Owen JW et al: Placement of a Word catheter: a resident training model. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 192(5):1385-7, 2005
                                      10. Prasad SR et al: Cross-sectional imaging of the female urethra: technique and results. Radiographics. 25(3):749-61, 2005
                                      11. Rouzier R et al: Unusual presentation of Bartholin's gland duct cysts: anterior expansions. BJOG. 112(8):1150-2, 2005
                                      12. Gocmen A et al: Endometriosis in the Bartholin gland. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 114(1):110-1, 2004
                                      13. Eilber KS et al: Benign cystic lesions of the vagina: a literature review. J Urol. 170(3):717-22, 2003
                                      14. Horiguchi H et al: Angiomyofibroblastoma of the vulva: report of a case with immunohistochemical and molecular analysis. Int J Gynecol Pathol. 22(3):277-84, 2003
                                      15. Omole F et al: Management of Bartholin's duct cyst and gland abscess. Am Fam Physician. 68(1):135-40, 2003
                                      16. Kaur A et al: Multifocal aggressive angiomyxoma: a case report. J Clin Pathol. 53(10):798-9, 2000
                                      17. Ergeneli MH: Silver nitrate for Bartholin gland cysts. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 82(2):231-2, 1999
                                      18. Hill DA et al: Office management of Bartholin gland cysts and abscesses. Am Fam Physician. 57(7):1611-6, 1619-20, 1998
                                      19. Peters WA 3rd: Bartholinitis after vulvovaginal surgery. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 178(6):1143-4, 1998
                                      20. Siegelman ES et al: High-resolution MR imaging of the vagina. Radiographics. 17(5):1183-203, 1997
                                      21. Siegelman ES et al: Multicoil MR imaging of symptomatic female urethral and periurethral disease. Radiographics. 17(2):349-65, 1997
                                      22. Dmochowski RR et al: Benign female periurethral masses. J Urol. 152(6 Pt 1):1943-51, 1994
                                      23. Yuce K et al: Outpatient management of Bartholin gland abscesses and cysts with silver nitrate. Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol. 34(1):93-6, 1994
                                      24. Moulopoulos LA et al: Magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography appearance of asymptomatic paravaginal cysts. Clin Imaging. 17(2):126-32, 1993
                                      25. Kier R: Nonovarian gynecologic cysts: MR imaging findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 158(6):1265-9, 1992
                                      26. Brenner B: Laser vaporisation of Bartholin duct cysts. N Z Med J. 104(906):80-1, 1991
                                      27. Hricak H et al: Female urethra: MR imaging. Radiology. 178(2):527-35, 1991
                                      28. Cho JY et al: Window operation: an alternative treatment method for Bartholin gland cysts and abscesses. Obstet Gynecol. 76(5 Pt 1):886-8, 1990
                                      29. Downs MC et al: The ambulatory surgical management of Bartholin duct cysts. J Emerg Med. 7(6):623-6, 1989
                                      30. Lashgari M et al: Excision of Bartholin duct cysts using the CO2 laser. Obstet Gynecol. 67(5):735-7, 1986
                                      31. Wheelock JB et al: Primary carcinoma of the Bartholin gland: a report of ten cases. Obstet Gynecol. 63(6):820-4, 1984
                                      32. Rorat E et al: Human bartholin gland, duct, and duct cyst. Histochemical and ultrastructural study. Arch Pathol. 99(7):367-74, 1975
                                      33. Willis RA: The Borderland of Embryology and Pathology, 2nd edition. Washington: Butterworth. 42, 1962
                                      Related Anatomy
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                                      Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                      References
                                      Tables

                                      Tables

                                      KEY FACTS

                                      • Imaging

                                        • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                          • Clinical Issues

                                            TERMINOLOGY

                                            • Synonyms

                                              • Greater vestibular gland cyst
                                              • Major vestibular gland cyst
                                            • Definitions

                                              • Cystic dilatation of Bartholin glands

                                            IMAGING

                                            • General Features

                                              • CT Findings

                                                • MR Findings

                                                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                    • Imaging Recommendations

                                                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                        PATHOLOGY

                                                        • General Features

                                                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                            • Microscopic Features

                                                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                              • Presentation

                                                                • Demographics

                                                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                    • Treatment

                                                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                      • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                        • Reporting Tips

                                                                          Selected References

                                                                          1. Hosseinzadeh K et al: Imaging of the female perineum in adults. Radiographics. 32(4):E129-68, 2012
                                                                          2. Walker DK et al: Overlooked diseases of the vagina: a directed anatomic-pathologic approach for imaging assessment. Radiographics. 31(6):1583-98, 2011
                                                                          3. Chaudhari VV et al: MR imaging and US of female urethral and periurethral disease. Radiographics. 30(7):1857-74, 2010
                                                                          4. Dujardin M et al: Cystic lesions of the female reproductive system: a review. JBR-BTR. 93(2):56-61, 2010
                                                                          5. Wechter ME et al: Management of Bartholin duct cysts and abscesses: a systematic review. Obstet Gynecol Surv. 64(6):395-404, 2009
                                                                          6. Griffin N et al: Magnetic resonance imaging of vaginal and vulval pathology. Eur Radiol. 18(6):1269-80, 2008
                                                                          7. Elsayes KM et al: Vaginal masses: magnetic resonance imaging features with pathologic correlation. Acta Radiol. 48(8):921-33, 2007
                                                                          8. Dewdney S et al: Leiomyosarcoma of the vulva: a case report. J Reprod Med. 50(8):630-2, 2005
                                                                          9. Owen JW et al: Placement of a Word catheter: a resident training model. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 192(5):1385-7, 2005
                                                                          10. Prasad SR et al: Cross-sectional imaging of the female urethra: technique and results. Radiographics. 25(3):749-61, 2005
                                                                          11. Rouzier R et al: Unusual presentation of Bartholin's gland duct cysts: anterior expansions. BJOG. 112(8):1150-2, 2005
                                                                          12. Gocmen A et al: Endometriosis in the Bartholin gland. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 114(1):110-1, 2004
                                                                          13. Eilber KS et al: Benign cystic lesions of the vagina: a literature review. J Urol. 170(3):717-22, 2003
                                                                          14. Horiguchi H et al: Angiomyofibroblastoma of the vulva: report of a case with immunohistochemical and molecular analysis. Int J Gynecol Pathol. 22(3):277-84, 2003
                                                                          15. Omole F et al: Management of Bartholin's duct cyst and gland abscess. Am Fam Physician. 68(1):135-40, 2003
                                                                          16. Kaur A et al: Multifocal aggressive angiomyxoma: a case report. J Clin Pathol. 53(10):798-9, 2000
                                                                          17. Ergeneli MH: Silver nitrate for Bartholin gland cysts. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 82(2):231-2, 1999
                                                                          18. Hill DA et al: Office management of Bartholin gland cysts and abscesses. Am Fam Physician. 57(7):1611-6, 1619-20, 1998
                                                                          19. Peters WA 3rd: Bartholinitis after vulvovaginal surgery. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 178(6):1143-4, 1998
                                                                          20. Siegelman ES et al: High-resolution MR imaging of the vagina. Radiographics. 17(5):1183-203, 1997
                                                                          21. Siegelman ES et al: Multicoil MR imaging of symptomatic female urethral and periurethral disease. Radiographics. 17(2):349-65, 1997
                                                                          22. Dmochowski RR et al: Benign female periurethral masses. J Urol. 152(6 Pt 1):1943-51, 1994
                                                                          23. Yuce K et al: Outpatient management of Bartholin gland abscesses and cysts with silver nitrate. Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol. 34(1):93-6, 1994
                                                                          24. Moulopoulos LA et al: Magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography appearance of asymptomatic paravaginal cysts. Clin Imaging. 17(2):126-32, 1993
                                                                          25. Kier R: Nonovarian gynecologic cysts: MR imaging findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 158(6):1265-9, 1992
                                                                          26. Brenner B: Laser vaporisation of Bartholin duct cysts. N Z Med J. 104(906):80-1, 1991
                                                                          27. Hricak H et al: Female urethra: MR imaging. Radiology. 178(2):527-35, 1991
                                                                          28. Cho JY et al: Window operation: an alternative treatment method for Bartholin gland cysts and abscesses. Obstet Gynecol. 76(5 Pt 1):886-8, 1990
                                                                          29. Downs MC et al: The ambulatory surgical management of Bartholin duct cysts. J Emerg Med. 7(6):623-6, 1989
                                                                          30. Lashgari M et al: Excision of Bartholin duct cysts using the CO2 laser. Obstet Gynecol. 67(5):735-7, 1986
                                                                          31. Wheelock JB et al: Primary carcinoma of the Bartholin gland: a report of ten cases. Obstet Gynecol. 63(6):820-4, 1984
                                                                          32. Rorat E et al: Human bartholin gland, duct, and duct cyst. Histochemical and ultrastructural study. Arch Pathol. 99(7):367-74, 1975
                                                                          33. Willis RA: The Borderland of Embryology and Pathology, 2nd edition. Washington: Butterworth. 42, 1962