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Bartholinitis
Marc S. Tubay, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Synonyms

            • Greater vestibular gland infection/abscess
            • Major vestibular gland infection/abscess
          • Definitions

            • Infection of 1 or both dilated/obstructed Bartholin glands, often leading to abscess formation

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • CT Findings

              • MR Findings

                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                  • Imaging Recommendations

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                          • Presentation

                            • Demographics

                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                • Treatment

                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                  • Consider

                                    Selected References

                                    1. Berger MB et al: Incidental bartholin gland cysts identified on pelvic magnetic resonance imaging. Obstet Gynecol. 120(4):798-802, 2012
                                    2. Hosseinzadeh K et al: Imaging of the female perineum in adults. Radiographics. 32(4):E129-68, 2012
                                    3. Walker DK et al: Overlooked diseases of the vagina: a directed anatomic-pathologic approach for imaging assessment. Radiographics. 31(6):1583-98, 2011
                                    4. Bora SA et al: Bartholin's, vulval and perineal abscesses. Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 23(5):661-6, 2009
                                    5. Wechter ME et al: Management of Bartholin duct cysts and abscesses: a systematic review. Obstet Gynecol Surv. 64(6):395-404, 2009
                                    6. Griffin N et al: Magnetic resonance imaging of vaginal and vulval pathology. Eur Radiol. 18(6):1269-80, 2008
                                    7. Kozawa E et al: MR findings of a giant Bartholin's duct cyst. Magn Reson Med Sci. 7(2):101-3, 2008
                                    8. Elsayes KM et al: Vaginal masses: magnetic resonance imaging features with pathologic correlation. Acta Radiol. 48(8):921-33, 2007
                                    9. Cunningham, FG et al: Williams Obstetrics. 22nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2005
                                    10. Rouzier R et al: Unusual presentation of Bartholin's gland duct cysts: anterior expansions. BJOG. 112(8):1150-2, 2005
                                    11. Marzano DA et al: The bartholin gland cyst: past, present, and future. J Low Genit Tract Dis. 8(3):195-204, 2004
                                    12. Eilber KS et al: Benign cystic lesions of the vagina: a literature review. J Urol. 170(3):717-22, 2003
                                    13. Omole F et al: Management of Bartholin's duct cyst and gland abscess. Am Fam Physician. 68(1):135-40, 2003
                                    14. Eppel W et al: Ultrasound imaging of Bartholin's cysts. Gynecol Obstet Invest. 49(3):179-82, 2000
                                    15. Siegelman ES et al: High-resolution MR imaging of the vagina. Radiographics. 17(5):1183-203, 1997
                                    16. Moulopoulos LA et al: Magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography appearance of asymptomatic paravaginal cysts. Clin Imaging. 17(2):126-32, 1993
                                    Related Anatomy
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                                    Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                    References
                                    Tables

                                    Tables

                                    KEY FACTS

                                    • Terminology

                                      • Imaging

                                        • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                          • Clinical Issues

                                            TERMINOLOGY

                                            • Synonyms

                                              • Greater vestibular gland infection/abscess
                                              • Major vestibular gland infection/abscess
                                            • Definitions

                                              • Infection of 1 or both dilated/obstructed Bartholin glands, often leading to abscess formation

                                            IMAGING

                                            • General Features

                                              • CT Findings

                                                • MR Findings

                                                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                    • Imaging Recommendations

                                                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                        PATHOLOGY

                                                        • General Features

                                                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                            • Presentation

                                                              • Demographics

                                                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                  • Treatment

                                                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                    • Consider

                                                                      Selected References

                                                                      1. Berger MB et al: Incidental bartholin gland cysts identified on pelvic magnetic resonance imaging. Obstet Gynecol. 120(4):798-802, 2012
                                                                      2. Hosseinzadeh K et al: Imaging of the female perineum in adults. Radiographics. 32(4):E129-68, 2012
                                                                      3. Walker DK et al: Overlooked diseases of the vagina: a directed anatomic-pathologic approach for imaging assessment. Radiographics. 31(6):1583-98, 2011
                                                                      4. Bora SA et al: Bartholin's, vulval and perineal abscesses. Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 23(5):661-6, 2009
                                                                      5. Wechter ME et al: Management of Bartholin duct cysts and abscesses: a systematic review. Obstet Gynecol Surv. 64(6):395-404, 2009
                                                                      6. Griffin N et al: Magnetic resonance imaging of vaginal and vulval pathology. Eur Radiol. 18(6):1269-80, 2008
                                                                      7. Kozawa E et al: MR findings of a giant Bartholin's duct cyst. Magn Reson Med Sci. 7(2):101-3, 2008
                                                                      8. Elsayes KM et al: Vaginal masses: magnetic resonance imaging features with pathologic correlation. Acta Radiol. 48(8):921-33, 2007
                                                                      9. Cunningham, FG et al: Williams Obstetrics. 22nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2005
                                                                      10. Rouzier R et al: Unusual presentation of Bartholin's gland duct cysts: anterior expansions. BJOG. 112(8):1150-2, 2005
                                                                      11. Marzano DA et al: The bartholin gland cyst: past, present, and future. J Low Genit Tract Dis. 8(3):195-204, 2004
                                                                      12. Eilber KS et al: Benign cystic lesions of the vagina: a literature review. J Urol. 170(3):717-22, 2003
                                                                      13. Omole F et al: Management of Bartholin's duct cyst and gland abscess. Am Fam Physician. 68(1):135-40, 2003
                                                                      14. Eppel W et al: Ultrasound imaging of Bartholin's cysts. Gynecol Obstet Invest. 49(3):179-82, 2000
                                                                      15. Siegelman ES et al: High-resolution MR imaging of the vagina. Radiographics. 17(5):1183-203, 1997
                                                                      16. Moulopoulos LA et al: Magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography appearance of asymptomatic paravaginal cysts. Clin Imaging. 17(2):126-32, 1993