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Bifid Condyle
C. Grace Petrikowski, DDS, MSc, FRCD(C)
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Synonyms

                • Bifid mandibular condyle (BMC)
              • Definitions

                • Rare entity characterized by partial division of mandibular condyle

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • Radiographic Findings

                  • CT Findings

                    • MR Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Demographics

                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                  • Treatment

                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                    • Consider

                                      Selected References

                                      1. Haghnegahdar AA et al: Prevalence of bifid mandibular condyle in a selected population in South of iran. J Dent (Shiraz). 15(4):156-60, 2014
                                      2. Cho BH et al: Nontraumatic bifid mandibular condyles in asymptomatic and symptomatic temporomandibular joint subjects. Imaging Sci Dent. 43(1):25-30, 2013
                                      3. Balaji SM: Bifid mandibular condyle with tempromandibular joint ankylosis - a pooled data analysis. Dent Traumatol. 26(4):332-7, 2010
                                      4. Miloglu O et al: The frequency of bifid mandibular condyle in a Turkish patient population. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 39(1):42-6, 2010
                                      5. Plevnia JR et al: Bifid mandibular condyle without history of trauma or pain: report of a case. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 67(7):1555-61, 2009
                                      6. Rehman TA et al: Bifid mandibular condyle with associated temporomandibular joint ankylosis: a computed tomography study of the patterns and morphological variations. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 38(4):239-44, 2009
                                      7. Menezes AV et al: The prevalence of bifid mandibular condyle detected in a Brazilian population. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 37(4):220-3, 2008
                                      8. Açikgöz A: Bilateral bifid mandibular condyle: a case report. J Oral Rehabil. 33(10):784-7, 2006
                                      9. Alpaslan S et al: Bilateral bifid mandibular condyle. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 33(4):274-7, 2004
                                      Related Anatomy
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                                      Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                      References
                                      Tables

                                      Tables

                                      KEY FACTS

                                      • Terminology

                                        • Imaging

                                          • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                            • Pathology

                                              • Clinical Issues

                                                • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                  TERMINOLOGY

                                                  • Synonyms

                                                    • Bifid mandibular condyle (BMC)
                                                  • Definitions

                                                    • Rare entity characterized by partial division of mandibular condyle

                                                  IMAGING

                                                  • General Features

                                                    • Radiographic Findings

                                                      • CT Findings

                                                        • MR Findings

                                                          • Imaging Recommendations

                                                            DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                              PATHOLOGY

                                                              • General Features

                                                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                • Presentation

                                                                  • Demographics

                                                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                      • Treatment

                                                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                        • Consider

                                                                          Selected References

                                                                          1. Haghnegahdar AA et al: Prevalence of bifid mandibular condyle in a selected population in South of iran. J Dent (Shiraz). 15(4):156-60, 2014
                                                                          2. Cho BH et al: Nontraumatic bifid mandibular condyles in asymptomatic and symptomatic temporomandibular joint subjects. Imaging Sci Dent. 43(1):25-30, 2013
                                                                          3. Balaji SM: Bifid mandibular condyle with tempromandibular joint ankylosis - a pooled data analysis. Dent Traumatol. 26(4):332-7, 2010
                                                                          4. Miloglu O et al: The frequency of bifid mandibular condyle in a Turkish patient population. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 39(1):42-6, 2010
                                                                          5. Plevnia JR et al: Bifid mandibular condyle without history of trauma or pain: report of a case. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 67(7):1555-61, 2009
                                                                          6. Rehman TA et al: Bifid mandibular condyle with associated temporomandibular joint ankylosis: a computed tomography study of the patterns and morphological variations. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 38(4):239-44, 2009
                                                                          7. Menezes AV et al: The prevalence of bifid mandibular condyle detected in a Brazilian population. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 37(4):220-3, 2008
                                                                          8. Açikgöz A: Bilateral bifid mandibular condyle: a case report. J Oral Rehabil. 33(10):784-7, 2006
                                                                          9. Alpaslan S et al: Bilateral bifid mandibular condyle. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 33(4):274-7, 2004