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Bladder and Ureteral Intramural Masses
Amir A. Borhani, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Imaging

    • Top Differential Diagnoses

      TERMINOLOGY

      • Definitions

        • Primary or metastatic tumors centered within bladder wall involving either lamina propria, muscularis propria, or adventitial layers ± intravesical growth

      IMAGING

      • General Features

        • Imaging Recommendations

          • Radiographic Findings

            • CT Findings

              • MR Findings

                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                    PATHOLOGY

                    • General Features

                      • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                        • Presentation

                          • Demographics

                            • Treatment

                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                              • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                Selected References

                                1. Beilan JA et al: Pheochromocytoma of the urinary bladder: a systematic review of the contemporary literature. BMC Urol. 13:22, 2013
                                2. Castellino SM et al: Pediatric genitourinary tumors. Curr Opin Oncol. 21(3):278-83, 2009
                                3. Velcheti V et al: Metastatic cancer involving bladder: a review. Can J Urol. 14(1):3443-8, 2007
                                4. Wong-You-Cheong JJ et al: From the archives of the AFIP: Inflammatory and nonneoplastic bladder masses: radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 26(6):1847-68, 2006
                                5. Chapron C et al: Deeply infiltrating endometriosis: pathogenetic implications of the anatomical distribution. Hum Reprod. 21(7):1839-45, 2006
                                6. Bazot M et al: Deep pelvic endometriosis: MR imaging for diagnosis and prediction of extension of disease. Radiology. 232(2):379-89, 2004
                                7. Bazot M et al: Sonography and MR imaging for the assessment of deep pelvic endometriosis. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 12(2):178-85; quiz 177, 186, 2005
                                8. Vercellini P et al: The pathogenesis of bladder detrusor endometriosis. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 187(3):538-42, 2002
                                9. Binsaleh S et al: Bladder leiomyoma: report of two cases and literature review. Can J Urol. 11(5):2411-3, 2004
                                10. Mallampati GK et al: MR imaging of the bladder. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 12(3):545-55, vii, 2004
                                11. Wilkinson LM et al: Best cases from the AFIP: plexiform neurofibroma of the bladder. Radiographics. 24 Suppl 1:S237-42, 2004
                                12. Dahm P et al: Malignant non-urothelial neoplasms of the urinary bladder: a review. Eur Urol. 44(6):672-81, 2003
                                13. Rosser CJ et al: Clinical presentation and outcome of high-grade urinary bladder leiomyosarcoma in adults. Urology. 61(6):1151-5, 2003
                                14. Umaria N et al: MRI appearances of bladder endometriosis. Br J Radiol. 73(871):733-6, 2000
                                15. Bates AW et al: Malignant lymphoma of the urinary bladder: a clinicopathological study of 11 cases. J Clin Pathol. 53(6):458-61, 2000
                                16. Knoll LD et al: Leiomyoma of the bladder. J Urol. 136(4):906-8, 1986
                                17. Sundaram CP et al: Characteristics of bladder leiomyoma as noted on magnetic resonance imaging. Urology. 52(6):1142-3, 1998
                                Related Anatomy
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                                Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                References
                                Tables

                                Tables

                                KEY FACTS

                                • Imaging

                                  • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                    TERMINOLOGY

                                    • Definitions

                                      • Primary or metastatic tumors centered within bladder wall involving either lamina propria, muscularis propria, or adventitial layers ± intravesical growth

                                    IMAGING

                                    • General Features

                                      • Imaging Recommendations

                                        • Radiographic Findings

                                          • CT Findings

                                            • MR Findings

                                              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                  PATHOLOGY

                                                  • General Features

                                                    • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                      • Presentation

                                                        • Demographics

                                                          • Treatment

                                                            DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                              Selected References

                                                              1. Beilan JA et al: Pheochromocytoma of the urinary bladder: a systematic review of the contemporary literature. BMC Urol. 13:22, 2013
                                                              2. Castellino SM et al: Pediatric genitourinary tumors. Curr Opin Oncol. 21(3):278-83, 2009
                                                              3. Velcheti V et al: Metastatic cancer involving bladder: a review. Can J Urol. 14(1):3443-8, 2007
                                                              4. Wong-You-Cheong JJ et al: From the archives of the AFIP: Inflammatory and nonneoplastic bladder masses: radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 26(6):1847-68, 2006
                                                              5. Chapron C et al: Deeply infiltrating endometriosis: pathogenetic implications of the anatomical distribution. Hum Reprod. 21(7):1839-45, 2006
                                                              6. Bazot M et al: Deep pelvic endometriosis: MR imaging for diagnosis and prediction of extension of disease. Radiology. 232(2):379-89, 2004
                                                              7. Bazot M et al: Sonography and MR imaging for the assessment of deep pelvic endometriosis. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 12(2):178-85; quiz 177, 186, 2005
                                                              8. Vercellini P et al: The pathogenesis of bladder detrusor endometriosis. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 187(3):538-42, 2002
                                                              9. Binsaleh S et al: Bladder leiomyoma: report of two cases and literature review. Can J Urol. 11(5):2411-3, 2004
                                                              10. Mallampati GK et al: MR imaging of the bladder. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 12(3):545-55, vii, 2004
                                                              11. Wilkinson LM et al: Best cases from the AFIP: plexiform neurofibroma of the bladder. Radiographics. 24 Suppl 1:S237-42, 2004
                                                              12. Dahm P et al: Malignant non-urothelial neoplasms of the urinary bladder: a review. Eur Urol. 44(6):672-81, 2003
                                                              13. Rosser CJ et al: Clinical presentation and outcome of high-grade urinary bladder leiomyosarcoma in adults. Urology. 61(6):1151-5, 2003
                                                              14. Umaria N et al: MRI appearances of bladder endometriosis. Br J Radiol. 73(871):733-6, 2000
                                                              15. Bates AW et al: Malignant lymphoma of the urinary bladder: a clinicopathological study of 11 cases. J Clin Pathol. 53(6):458-61, 2000
                                                              16. Knoll LD et al: Leiomyoma of the bladder. J Urol. 136(4):906-8, 1986
                                                              17. Sundaram CP et al: Characteristics of bladder leiomyoma as noted on magnetic resonance imaging. Urology. 52(6):1142-3, 1998