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Bladder Calculi
Amir A. Borhani, MD; Michael P. Federle, MD, FACR
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Synonyms

              • Bladder stones, vesical calculi, cystolithiasis
            • Definitions

              • Concretions of mineral salts within bladder lumen
              • Classified as migrant (migrated from upper urinary tract), primary (idiopathic), and secondary (in setting of stasis, infection, or nidus)

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Radiographic Findings

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Ultrasonographic Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Demographics

                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                  • Treatment

                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                    • Consider

                                      • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                        Selected References

                                        1. Philippou P et al: The management of bladder lithiasis in the modern era of endourology. Urology. 79(5):980-6, 2012
                                        2. Catalá V et al: CT findings in urinary diversion after radical cystectomy: postsurgical anatomy and complications. Radiographics. 29(2):461-76, 2009
                                        3. Ord J et al: Bladder management and risk of bladder stone formation in spinal cord injured patients. J Urol. 170(5):1734-7, 2003
                                        4. Schwartz BF et al: The vesical calculus. Urol Clin North Am. 27(2):333-46, 2000
                                        5. Dyer RB et al: Abnormal calcifications in the urinary tract. Radiographics. 18(6):1405-24, 1998
                                        Related Anatomy
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                                        Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                        References
                                        Tables

                                        Tables

                                        KEY FACTS

                                        • Terminology

                                          • Imaging

                                            • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                              • Pathology

                                                • Clinical Issues

                                                  TERMINOLOGY

                                                  • Synonyms

                                                    • Bladder stones, vesical calculi, cystolithiasis
                                                  • Definitions

                                                    • Concretions of mineral salts within bladder lumen
                                                    • Classified as migrant (migrated from upper urinary tract), primary (idiopathic), and secondary (in setting of stasis, infection, or nidus)

                                                  IMAGING

                                                  • General Features

                                                    • Radiographic Findings

                                                      • CT Findings

                                                        • MR Findings

                                                          • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                            • Imaging Recommendations

                                                              DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                PATHOLOGY

                                                                • General Features

                                                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                  • Presentation

                                                                    • Demographics

                                                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                        • Treatment

                                                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                          • Consider

                                                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                              Selected References

                                                                              1. Philippou P et al: The management of bladder lithiasis in the modern era of endourology. Urology. 79(5):980-6, 2012
                                                                              2. Catalá V et al: CT findings in urinary diversion after radical cystectomy: postsurgical anatomy and complications. Radiographics. 29(2):461-76, 2009
                                                                              3. Ord J et al: Bladder management and risk of bladder stone formation in spinal cord injured patients. J Urol. 170(5):1734-7, 2003
                                                                              4. Schwartz BF et al: The vesical calculus. Urol Clin North Am. 27(2):333-46, 2000
                                                                              5. Dyer RB et al: Abnormal calcifications in the urinary tract. Radiographics. 18(6):1405-24, 1998