link
Bookmarks
Bladder Exstrophy
Anne Kennedy, MD
To access 4,300 diagnoses written by the world's leading experts in radiology.Try it free - 15 days
0
3
2
1

KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Definitions

                • Bladder exstrophy (BE)
                  • Failure of closure of lower abdominal wall, resulting in exposed bladder
                • Exstrophy epispadias complex (EEC)
                  • Spectrum of malformations ranging from epispadias to BE to cloacal exstrophy
                  • Defects involve genitourinary/musculoskeletal systems, pelvis, pelvic floor, abdominal wall, spine, and anus

              IMAGING

              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Radiographic Findings

                    • CT Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Demographics

                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                  • Treatment

                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                      Selected References

                                      1. Hall SA et al: New insights on the basic science of bladder exstrophy-epispadias complex. Urology. 147:256-63, 2021
                                      2. Antomarchi J et al: The pubic diastasis measurement, a key element for the diagnosis, management, and prognosis of the bladder exstrophy. Fetal Diagn Ther. 45(6):435-40, 2019
                                      3. Mallmann MR et al: Isolated bladder exstrophy in prenatal diagnosis. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 300(2):355-63, 2019
                                      4. Vilanova-Sanchez A et al: Obstetrical outcomes in adult patients born with complex anorectal malformations and cloacal anomalies: a literature review. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 32(1):7-14, 2019
                                      5. Arkani S et al: Evaluation of the ISL1 gene in the pathogenesis of bladder exstrophy in a Swedish cohort. Hum Genome Var. 5:18009, 2018
                                      6. Victoria T et al: Fetal anterior abdominal wall defects: prenatal imaging by magnetic resonance imaging. Pediatr Radiol. 48(4):499-512, 2018
                                      7. Ellison JS et al: Long-term fate of the upper tracts following complete primary repair of bladder exstrophy. J Pediatr Urol. 13(4):394.e1-6, 2017
                                      8. Draaken M et al: Genome-wide association study and meta-analysis identify ISL1 as genome-wide significant susceptibility gene for bladder exstrophy. PLoS Genet. 11(3):e1005024, 2015
                                      9. Hurrell RA et al: Psychosocial screening at paediatric BEEC clinics: a pilot evaluation study. J Pediatr Urol. 11(2):79.e1-6, 2015
                                      10. K V SK et al: Pathogenesis of bladder exstrophy: a new hypothesis. J Pediatr Urol. 11(6):314-8, 2015
                                      11. Park W et al: Sexual function in adult patients with classic bladder exstrophy: a multicenter study. J Pediatr Urol. 11(3):125 2015
                                      12. Pierre K et al: Bladder exstrophy: current management and postoperative imaging. Pediatr Radiol. 44(7):768-86; quiz 765-7, 2014
                                      13. Tekes A et al: 2D and 3D MRI features of classic bladder exstrophy. Clin Radiol. 69(5):e223-9, 2014
                                      Related Anatomy
                                      Loading...
                                      Related Differential Diagnoses
                                      Loading...
                                      References
                                      Tables

                                      Tables

                                      KEY FACTS

                                      • Terminology

                                        • Imaging

                                          • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                            • Pathology

                                              • Clinical Issues

                                                • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                  TERMINOLOGY

                                                  • Definitions

                                                    • Bladder exstrophy (BE)
                                                      • Failure of closure of lower abdominal wall, resulting in exposed bladder
                                                    • Exstrophy epispadias complex (EEC)
                                                      • Spectrum of malformations ranging from epispadias to BE to cloacal exstrophy
                                                      • Defects involve genitourinary/musculoskeletal systems, pelvis, pelvic floor, abdominal wall, spine, and anus

                                                  IMAGING

                                                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                    • MR Findings

                                                      • Radiographic Findings

                                                        • CT Findings

                                                          • Imaging Recommendations

                                                            DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                              PATHOLOGY

                                                              • General Features

                                                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                • Presentation

                                                                  • Demographics

                                                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                      • Treatment

                                                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                          Selected References

                                                                          1. Hall SA et al: New insights on the basic science of bladder exstrophy-epispadias complex. Urology. 147:256-63, 2021
                                                                          2. Antomarchi J et al: The pubic diastasis measurement, a key element for the diagnosis, management, and prognosis of the bladder exstrophy. Fetal Diagn Ther. 45(6):435-40, 2019
                                                                          3. Mallmann MR et al: Isolated bladder exstrophy in prenatal diagnosis. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 300(2):355-63, 2019
                                                                          4. Vilanova-Sanchez A et al: Obstetrical outcomes in adult patients born with complex anorectal malformations and cloacal anomalies: a literature review. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 32(1):7-14, 2019
                                                                          5. Arkani S et al: Evaluation of the ISL1 gene in the pathogenesis of bladder exstrophy in a Swedish cohort. Hum Genome Var. 5:18009, 2018
                                                                          6. Victoria T et al: Fetal anterior abdominal wall defects: prenatal imaging by magnetic resonance imaging. Pediatr Radiol. 48(4):499-512, 2018
                                                                          7. Ellison JS et al: Long-term fate of the upper tracts following complete primary repair of bladder exstrophy. J Pediatr Urol. 13(4):394.e1-6, 2017
                                                                          8. Draaken M et al: Genome-wide association study and meta-analysis identify ISL1 as genome-wide significant susceptibility gene for bladder exstrophy. PLoS Genet. 11(3):e1005024, 2015
                                                                          9. Hurrell RA et al: Psychosocial screening at paediatric BEEC clinics: a pilot evaluation study. J Pediatr Urol. 11(2):79.e1-6, 2015
                                                                          10. K V SK et al: Pathogenesis of bladder exstrophy: a new hypothesis. J Pediatr Urol. 11(6):314-8, 2015
                                                                          11. Park W et al: Sexual function in adult patients with classic bladder exstrophy: a multicenter study. J Pediatr Urol. 11(3):125 2015
                                                                          12. Pierre K et al: Bladder exstrophy: current management and postoperative imaging. Pediatr Radiol. 44(7):768-86; quiz 765-7, 2014
                                                                          13. Tekes A et al: 2D and 3D MRI features of classic bladder exstrophy. Clin Radiol. 69(5):e223-9, 2014