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Bone Island
Kevin R. Moore, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Synonyms

                • Enostosis, sclerotic island, calcified island, compact island
              • Definitions

                • Asymptomatic focal areas of bony sclerosis

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • Radiographic Findings

                  • CT Findings

                    • MR Findings

                      • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                        • Imaging Recommendations

                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                            PATHOLOGY

                            • General Features

                              • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                • Microscopic Features

                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                  • Presentation

                                    • Demographics

                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                        • Treatment

                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                          • Consider

                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                              Selected References

                                              1. Mugera C et al: Sclerotic lesions of the spine: MRI assessment. J Magn Reson Imaging. 38(6):1310-24, 2013
                                              2. Achong DM: Increased uptake in a vertebral bone island seen only on SPECT. Clin Nucl Med. 32(8):620-3, 2007
                                              3. Flemming DJ et al: Primary tumors of the spine. Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 4(3):299-320, 2000
                                              4. Leone A et al: Primary bone tumors and pseudotumors of the lumbosacral spine. Rays. 25(1):89-103, 2000
                                              5. White LM et al: Osteoid-producing tumors of bone. Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 4(1):25-43, 2000
                                              6. Carpintero P et al: Bone island and leprosy. Skeletal Radiol. 27(6):330-33, 1998
                                              7. Cerase A et al: Skeletal benign bone-forming lesions. Eur J Radiol. 27 Suppl 1:S91-7, 1998
                                              8. Murphey MD et al: From the archives of the AFIP. Primary tumors of the spine: radiologic pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 16(5):1131-58, 1996
                                              9. Greenspan A et al: Bone island: scintigraphic findings and their clinical application. Can Assoc Radiol J. 46(5):368-79, 1995
                                              10. Greenspan A: Bone island (enostosis): current concept--a review. Skeletal Radiol. 24(2):111-5, 1995
                                              11. Greenspan A et al: Bone island (enostosis): clinical significance and radiologic and pathologic correlations. Skeletal Radiol. 20(2):85-90, 1991
                                              12. Broderick TW et al: Enostosis of the spine. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 3(2):167-70, 1978
                                              Related Anatomy
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                                              Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                              References
                                              Tables

                                              Tables

                                              KEY FACTS

                                              • Terminology

                                                • Imaging

                                                  • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                    • Pathology

                                                      • Clinical Issues

                                                        • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                          TERMINOLOGY

                                                          • Synonyms

                                                            • Enostosis, sclerotic island, calcified island, compact island
                                                          • Definitions

                                                            • Asymptomatic focal areas of bony sclerosis

                                                          IMAGING

                                                          • General Features

                                                            • Radiographic Findings

                                                              • CT Findings

                                                                • MR Findings

                                                                  • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                                    • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                        PATHOLOGY

                                                                        • General Features

                                                                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                            • Microscopic Features

                                                                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                              • Presentation

                                                                                • Demographics

                                                                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                    • Treatment

                                                                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                      • Consider

                                                                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                          Selected References

                                                                                          1. Mugera C et al: Sclerotic lesions of the spine: MRI assessment. J Magn Reson Imaging. 38(6):1310-24, 2013
                                                                                          2. Achong DM: Increased uptake in a vertebral bone island seen only on SPECT. Clin Nucl Med. 32(8):620-3, 2007
                                                                                          3. Flemming DJ et al: Primary tumors of the spine. Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 4(3):299-320, 2000
                                                                                          4. Leone A et al: Primary bone tumors and pseudotumors of the lumbosacral spine. Rays. 25(1):89-103, 2000
                                                                                          5. White LM et al: Osteoid-producing tumors of bone. Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 4(1):25-43, 2000
                                                                                          6. Carpintero P et al: Bone island and leprosy. Skeletal Radiol. 27(6):330-33, 1998
                                                                                          7. Cerase A et al: Skeletal benign bone-forming lesions. Eur J Radiol. 27 Suppl 1:S91-7, 1998
                                                                                          8. Murphey MD et al: From the archives of the AFIP. Primary tumors of the spine: radiologic pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 16(5):1131-58, 1996
                                                                                          9. Greenspan A et al: Bone island: scintigraphic findings and their clinical application. Can Assoc Radiol J. 46(5):368-79, 1995
                                                                                          10. Greenspan A: Bone island (enostosis): current concept--a review. Skeletal Radiol. 24(2):111-5, 1995
                                                                                          11. Greenspan A et al: Bone island (enostosis): clinical significance and radiologic and pathologic correlations. Skeletal Radiol. 20(2):85-90, 1991
                                                                                          12. Broderick TW et al: Enostosis of the spine. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 3(2):167-70, 1978