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Brain Abscess and Encephalitis
Akiva Mintz, MD, PhD, MHA, CFA; Paige Bennett, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Imaging

    • Top Differential Diagnoses

      IMAGING

      • Nuclear Medicine Findings

        • Imaging Recommendations

          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

            DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

            • Image Interpretation Pearls

              Selected References

              1. Lv RJ et al: Semi-quantitative FDG-PET analysis increases the sensitivity compared with visual analysis in the diagnosis of autoimmune encephalitis. Front Neurol. 10:576, 2019
              2. Donta ST et al: SPECT brain imaging in chronic Lyme disease. Clin Nucl Med. 37(9):e219-22, 2012
              3. Hoffman JM et al: FDG-PET in differentiating lymphoma from nonmalignant central nervous system lesions in patients with AIDS. J Nucl Med. 34(4):567-75, 1993
              4. Fiorella DJ et al: (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography and MR imaging findings in Rasmussen encephalitis. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 22(7):1291-9, 2001
              5. Scheid R et al: Serial 18F-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis. Arch Neurol. 61(11):1785-9, 2004
              6. Lee BY et al: FDG-PET findings in patients with suspected encephalitis. Clin Nucl Med. 29(10):620-5, 2004
              7. Floeth FW et al: 18F-FET PET Differentiation of Ring-Enhancing Brain Lesions. J Nucl Med. 47(5):776-782, 2006
              Related Anatomy
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              Related Differential Diagnoses
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              References
              Tables

              Tables

              KEY FACTS

              • Imaging

                • Top Differential Diagnoses

                  IMAGING

                  • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                    • Imaging Recommendations

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                          Selected References

                          1. Lv RJ et al: Semi-quantitative FDG-PET analysis increases the sensitivity compared with visual analysis in the diagnosis of autoimmune encephalitis. Front Neurol. 10:576, 2019
                          2. Donta ST et al: SPECT brain imaging in chronic Lyme disease. Clin Nucl Med. 37(9):e219-22, 2012
                          3. Hoffman JM et al: FDG-PET in differentiating lymphoma from nonmalignant central nervous system lesions in patients with AIDS. J Nucl Med. 34(4):567-75, 1993
                          4. Fiorella DJ et al: (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography and MR imaging findings in Rasmussen encephalitis. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 22(7):1291-9, 2001
                          5. Scheid R et al: Serial 18F-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis. Arch Neurol. 61(11):1785-9, 2004
                          6. Lee BY et al: FDG-PET findings in patients with suspected encephalitis. Clin Nucl Med. 29(10):620-5, 2004
                          7. Floeth FW et al: 18F-FET PET Differentiation of Ring-Enhancing Brain Lesions. J Nucl Med. 47(5):776-782, 2006