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Breast Manifestations of Organ Failure
Wendie A. Berg, MD, PhD; Wei Tse Yang, MBBS
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Definitions

              • Breast changes related to organ failure including chronic renal failure (CRF), congestive heart failure (CHF), liver failure (usually cirrhosis), or transplantation
                • Can be systemic (metabolic, pathophysiologic), neoplastic, iatrogenic

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Mammographic Findings

                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                        • Natural History & Prognosis

                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                          • Consider

                            Selected References

                            1. Stoecker JB et al: Utility of mammography for chronic kidney disease patients undergoing kidney transplant evaluation. Clin Transplant. 30(4):445-51, 2016
                            2. Cao MM et al: Mammographic signs of systemic disease. Radiographics. 31(4):1085-100, 2011
                            3. Castellanos MR et al: Breast cancer screening in women with chronic kidney disease: the unrecognized effects of metastatic soft-tissue calcification. Nat Clin Pract Nephrol. 4(6):337-41, 2008
                            4. Castellanos M et al: Increased breast calcifications in women with ESRD on dialysis: implications for breast cancer screening. Am J Kidney Dis. 48(2):301-6, 2006
                            5. Fleming ST et al: Comorbidity as a predictor of stage of illness for patients with breast cancer. Med Care. 43(2):132-40, 2005
                            6. Seo YL et al: Benign breast diseases associated with cyclosporine therapy in renal transplant recipients. Transplant Proc. 37(10):4315-9, 2005
                            7. Son EJ et al: Characteristic imaging features of breast fibroadenomas in women given cyclosporin A after renal transplantation. J Clin Ultrasound. 32(2):69-77, 2004
                            8. Cowlam TE et al: Cutaneous ectopic breast calcification in a haemodialysis patient. Breast. 12(5):342-4, 2003
                            9. Walter LC et al: Cancer screening in elderly patients: a framework for individualized decision making. JAMA. 285(21):2750-6, 2001
                            10. Walter LC et al: Screening mammography for frail older women: what are the burdens? J Gen Intern Med. 16(11):779-84, 2001
                            11. Baildam AD et al: Cyclosporin A and multiple fibroadenomas of the breast. Br J Surg. 83(12):1755-7, 1996
                            12. Mailloux LU et al: Survival estimates for 683 patients starting dialysis from 1970 through 1989: identification of risk factors for survival. Clin Nephrol. 42(2):127-35, 1994
                            13. Evans AJ et al: Patterns of breast calcification in patients on renal dialysis. Clin Radiol. 45(5):343-4, 1992
                            14. Evans SE et al: Extensive calcification in the breast in chronic renal failure. Br J Radiol. 64(764):757-9, 1991
                            15. Sommer G et al: Breast calcifications in renal hyperparathyroidism. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 148(5):855-7, 1987
                            Related Anatomy
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                            Related Differential Diagnoses
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                            References
                            Tables

                            Tables

                            KEY FACTS

                            • Terminology

                              • Imaging

                                • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                  • Pathology

                                    • Clinical Issues

                                      TERMINOLOGY

                                      • Definitions

                                        • Breast changes related to organ failure including chronic renal failure (CRF), congestive heart failure (CHF), liver failure (usually cirrhosis), or transplantation
                                          • Can be systemic (metabolic, pathophysiologic), neoplastic, iatrogenic

                                      IMAGING

                                      • General Features

                                        • Mammographic Findings

                                          • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                            • MR Findings

                                              DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                PATHOLOGY

                                                • General Features

                                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                    • Consider

                                                      Selected References

                                                      1. Stoecker JB et al: Utility of mammography for chronic kidney disease patients undergoing kidney transplant evaluation. Clin Transplant. 30(4):445-51, 2016
                                                      2. Cao MM et al: Mammographic signs of systemic disease. Radiographics. 31(4):1085-100, 2011
                                                      3. Castellanos MR et al: Breast cancer screening in women with chronic kidney disease: the unrecognized effects of metastatic soft-tissue calcification. Nat Clin Pract Nephrol. 4(6):337-41, 2008
                                                      4. Castellanos M et al: Increased breast calcifications in women with ESRD on dialysis: implications for breast cancer screening. Am J Kidney Dis. 48(2):301-6, 2006
                                                      5. Fleming ST et al: Comorbidity as a predictor of stage of illness for patients with breast cancer. Med Care. 43(2):132-40, 2005
                                                      6. Seo YL et al: Benign breast diseases associated with cyclosporine therapy in renal transplant recipients. Transplant Proc. 37(10):4315-9, 2005
                                                      7. Son EJ et al: Characteristic imaging features of breast fibroadenomas in women given cyclosporin A after renal transplantation. J Clin Ultrasound. 32(2):69-77, 2004
                                                      8. Cowlam TE et al: Cutaneous ectopic breast calcification in a haemodialysis patient. Breast. 12(5):342-4, 2003
                                                      9. Walter LC et al: Cancer screening in elderly patients: a framework for individualized decision making. JAMA. 285(21):2750-6, 2001
                                                      10. Walter LC et al: Screening mammography for frail older women: what are the burdens? J Gen Intern Med. 16(11):779-84, 2001
                                                      11. Baildam AD et al: Cyclosporin A and multiple fibroadenomas of the breast. Br J Surg. 83(12):1755-7, 1996
                                                      12. Mailloux LU et al: Survival estimates for 683 patients starting dialysis from 1970 through 1989: identification of risk factors for survival. Clin Nephrol. 42(2):127-35, 1994
                                                      13. Evans AJ et al: Patterns of breast calcification in patients on renal dialysis. Clin Radiol. 45(5):343-4, 1992
                                                      14. Evans SE et al: Extensive calcification in the breast in chronic renal failure. Br J Radiol. 64(764):757-9, 1991
                                                      15. Sommer G et al: Breast calcifications in renal hyperparathyroidism. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 148(5):855-7, 1987