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Bronchial Atresia
Tyler H. Ternes, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          • Diagnostic Checklist

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Abbreviations

              • Bronchial atresia (BA)
            • Synonyms

              • Congenital bronchial atresia (CBA)
            • Definitions

              • Congenital focal atresia of subsegmental, segmental, or lobar bronchus
                • Normal distal bronchial tree
              • Mucocele: Mucoid impaction distal to BA
                • Synonym: Bronchocele

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Radiographic Findings

                • CT Findings

                  • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                    • MR Findings

                      • Ultrasonographic Findings

                        • Imaging Recommendations

                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                            PATHOLOGY

                            • General Features

                              • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                • Microscopic Features

                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                  • Presentation

                                    • Demographics

                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                        • Diagnosis

                                          • Treatment

                                            DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                            • Consider

                                              • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                Selected References

                                                1. Kuwabara G et al: Congenital bronchial atresia complicated by a lung abscess due to Aspergillus fumigatus: a case report. BMC Pulm Med. 21(1):2, 2021
                                                2. Cherian SV et al: Developmental lung anomalies in adults: a pictorial review. respir Med. 155:86-96, 2019
                                                3. Masroujeh R et al: Endobronchial treatment of bronchial atresia. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 200(3):e25-6, 2019
                                                4. Alamo L et al: Imaging findings of bronchial atresia in fetuses, neonates and infants. Pediatr Radiol. 46(3):383-90, 2016
                                                5. Heidinger BH et al: Imaging of large airways disorders. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 205(1):41-56, 2015
                                                6. Kong X et al: Xenon-enhanced dual-energy CT lung ventilation imaging: techniques and clinical applications. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 202(2):309-17, 2014
                                                7. Primetis E et al: Congenital bronchial atresia with a calcified mucocele. Respiration. 81(6):511-2, 2011
                                                8. Biyyam DR et al: Congenital lung abnormalities: embryologic features, prenatal diagnosis, and postnatal radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 30(6):1721-38, 2010
                                                9. Daltro P et al: Congenital chest malformations: a multimodality approach with emphasis on fetal MR imaging. Radiographics. 30(2):385-95, 2010
                                                10. Desir A et al: Congenital abnormalities of intrathoracic airways. Radiol Clin North Am. 47(2):203-25, 2009
                                                11. Gipson MG et al: Bronchial atresia. Radiographics. 29(5):1531-5, 2009
                                                12. Martinez S et al: Mucoid impactions: finger-in-glove sign and other CT and radiographic features. Radiographics. 28(5):1369-82, 2008
                                                13. Kamata S et al: Case of congenital bronchial atresia detected by fetal ultrasound. Pediatr Pulmonol. 35(3):227-9, 2003
                                                Related Anatomy
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                                                Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                                References
                                                Tables

                                                Tables

                                                KEY FACTS

                                                • Terminology

                                                  • Imaging

                                                    • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                      • Clinical Issues

                                                        • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                          TERMINOLOGY

                                                          • Abbreviations

                                                            • Bronchial atresia (BA)
                                                          • Synonyms

                                                            • Congenital bronchial atresia (CBA)
                                                          • Definitions

                                                            • Congenital focal atresia of subsegmental, segmental, or lobar bronchus
                                                              • Normal distal bronchial tree
                                                            • Mucocele: Mucoid impaction distal to BA
                                                              • Synonym: Bronchocele

                                                          IMAGING

                                                          • General Features

                                                            • Radiographic Findings

                                                              • CT Findings

                                                                • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                                  • MR Findings

                                                                    • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                                      • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                          PATHOLOGY

                                                                          • General Features

                                                                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                              • Microscopic Features

                                                                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                                • Presentation

                                                                                  • Demographics

                                                                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                      • Diagnosis

                                                                                        • Treatment

                                                                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                          • Consider

                                                                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                              Selected References

                                                                                              1. Kuwabara G et al: Congenital bronchial atresia complicated by a lung abscess due to Aspergillus fumigatus: a case report. BMC Pulm Med. 21(1):2, 2021
                                                                                              2. Cherian SV et al: Developmental lung anomalies in adults: a pictorial review. respir Med. 155:86-96, 2019
                                                                                              3. Masroujeh R et al: Endobronchial treatment of bronchial atresia. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 200(3):e25-6, 2019
                                                                                              4. Alamo L et al: Imaging findings of bronchial atresia in fetuses, neonates and infants. Pediatr Radiol. 46(3):383-90, 2016
                                                                                              5. Heidinger BH et al: Imaging of large airways disorders. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 205(1):41-56, 2015
                                                                                              6. Kong X et al: Xenon-enhanced dual-energy CT lung ventilation imaging: techniques and clinical applications. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 202(2):309-17, 2014
                                                                                              7. Primetis E et al: Congenital bronchial atresia with a calcified mucocele. Respiration. 81(6):511-2, 2011
                                                                                              8. Biyyam DR et al: Congenital lung abnormalities: embryologic features, prenatal diagnosis, and postnatal radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 30(6):1721-38, 2010
                                                                                              9. Daltro P et al: Congenital chest malformations: a multimodality approach with emphasis on fetal MR imaging. Radiographics. 30(2):385-95, 2010
                                                                                              10. Desir A et al: Congenital abnormalities of intrathoracic airways. Radiol Clin North Am. 47(2):203-25, 2009
                                                                                              11. Gipson MG et al: Bronchial atresia. Radiographics. 29(5):1531-5, 2009
                                                                                              12. Martinez S et al: Mucoid impactions: finger-in-glove sign and other CT and radiographic features. Radiographics. 28(5):1369-82, 2008
                                                                                              13. Kamata S et al: Case of congenital bronchial atresia detected by fetal ultrasound. Pediatr Pulmonol. 35(3):227-9, 2003