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Bronchial Obstruction
Hank Baskin, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Abbreviations

            • Foreign body aspiration (FBA)
            • Foreign body (FB)
          • Synonyms

            • LEGO asthma
          • Definitions

            • Complete or partial bronchial occlusion by aspirated FB

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Radiographic Findings

              • Fluoroscopic Findings

                • CT Findings

                  • Imaging Recommendations

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                          • Presentation

                            • Demographics

                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                • Treatment

                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                  • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                    Selected References

                                    1. Adramerina A et al: How parents' lack of awareness could be associated with foreign body aspiration in children. Pediatr Emerg Care. 32(2):98-100, 2016
                                    2. Salih AM et al: Airway foreign bodies: a critical review for a common pediatric emergency. World J Emerg Med. 7(1):5-12, 2016
                                    3. Yang YH et al: Risk factors for preoperative respiratory complications in children with tracheobronchial foreign bodies. J Int Med Res. 44(2):338-45, 2016
                                    4. Darras KE et al: Imaging acute airway obstruction in infants and children. Radiographics. 35(7):2064-79, 2015
                                    5. Kim IA et al: The national cost burden of bronchial foreign body aspiration in children. Laryngoscope. 125(5):1221-4, 2015
                                    6. Yang C et al: The role of 3D computed tomography (CT) imaging in the diagnosis of foreign body aspiration in children. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 19(2):265-73, 2015
                                    7. Bamber AR et al: Fatal aspiration of foreign bodies in infants and children. Fetal Pediatr Pathol. 33(1):42-8, 2014
                                    8. Mallick MS: Tracheobronchial foreign body aspiration in children: A continuing diagnostic challenge. Afr J Paediatr Surg. 11(3):225-8, 2014
                                    9. Jung SY et al: Three-dimensional CT with virtual bronchoscopy: a useful modality for bronchial foreign bodies in pediatric patients. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. Epub ahead of print, 2011
                                    10. Passàli D et al: Foreign body inhalation in children: an update. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital. 30(1):27-32, 2010
                                    Related Anatomy
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                                    Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                    References
                                    Tables

                                    Tables

                                    KEY FACTS

                                    • Terminology

                                      • Imaging

                                        • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                          • Clinical Issues

                                            TERMINOLOGY

                                            • Abbreviations

                                              • Foreign body aspiration (FBA)
                                              • Foreign body (FB)
                                            • Synonyms

                                              • LEGO asthma
                                            • Definitions

                                              • Complete or partial bronchial occlusion by aspirated FB

                                            IMAGING

                                            • General Features

                                              • Radiographic Findings

                                                • Fluoroscopic Findings

                                                  • CT Findings

                                                    • Imaging Recommendations

                                                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                        PATHOLOGY

                                                        • General Features

                                                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                            • Presentation

                                                              • Demographics

                                                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                  • Treatment

                                                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                      Selected References

                                                                      1. Adramerina A et al: How parents' lack of awareness could be associated with foreign body aspiration in children. Pediatr Emerg Care. 32(2):98-100, 2016
                                                                      2. Salih AM et al: Airway foreign bodies: a critical review for a common pediatric emergency. World J Emerg Med. 7(1):5-12, 2016
                                                                      3. Yang YH et al: Risk factors for preoperative respiratory complications in children with tracheobronchial foreign bodies. J Int Med Res. 44(2):338-45, 2016
                                                                      4. Darras KE et al: Imaging acute airway obstruction in infants and children. Radiographics. 35(7):2064-79, 2015
                                                                      5. Kim IA et al: The national cost burden of bronchial foreign body aspiration in children. Laryngoscope. 125(5):1221-4, 2015
                                                                      6. Yang C et al: The role of 3D computed tomography (CT) imaging in the diagnosis of foreign body aspiration in children. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 19(2):265-73, 2015
                                                                      7. Bamber AR et al: Fatal aspiration of foreign bodies in infants and children. Fetal Pediatr Pathol. 33(1):42-8, 2014
                                                                      8. Mallick MS: Tracheobronchial foreign body aspiration in children: A continuing diagnostic challenge. Afr J Paediatr Surg. 11(3):225-8, 2014
                                                                      9. Jung SY et al: Three-dimensional CT with virtual bronchoscopy: a useful modality for bronchial foreign bodies in pediatric patients. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. Epub ahead of print, 2011
                                                                      10. Passàli D et al: Foreign body inhalation in children: an update. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital. 30(1):27-32, 2010