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Bronchiectasis
Sherief H. Garrana, MD; Laura E. Heyneman, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Definitions

                • Irreversible dilatation of cartilage-containing bronchi

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • Radiographic Findings

                  • CT Findings

                    • MR Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                              • Microscopic Features

                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                • Presentation

                                  • Demographics

                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                      • Treatment

                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                        • Consider

                                          • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                            Selected References

                                            1. Tiddens HAWM et al: The radiological diagnosis of bronchiectasis: what's in a name? Eur Respir Rev. 29(156), 2020
                                            2. Bush A et al: Pathophysiology, causes and genetics of paediatric and adult bronchiectasis. Respirology. 24(11):1053-62, 2019
                                            3. Juliusson G et al: Diagnostic imaging in adult non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis. Breathe (Sheff). 15(3):190-7, 2019
                                            4. Bueno J et al: The role of imaging in the diagnosis of bronchiectasis: the key is in the distribution. Radiologia. 60(1):39-48, 2018
                                            5. Schäfer J et al: Pathogenesis, imaging and clinical characteristics of CF and non-CF bronchiectasis. BMC Pulm Med. 18(1):79, 2018
                                            6. Murphy KP et al: Imaging of cystic fibrosis and pediatric bronchiectasis. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 206(3):448-54, 2016
                                            7. Dodd JD et al: Imaging in cystic fibrosis and non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis. Semin Respir Crit Care Med. 36(2):194-206, 2015
                                            8. Milliron B et al: Bronchiectasis: Mechanisms and imaging clues of associated common and uncommon diseases. Radiographics. 35(4):1011-30, 2015
                                            9. McShane PJ et al: Non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 188(6):647-56, 2013
                                            10. Javidan-Nejad C et al: Bronchiectasis. Radiol Clin North Am. 47(2):289-306, 2009
                                            11. Fuschillo S et al: Mucosal inflammation in idiopathic bronchiectasis: cellular and molecular mechanisms. Eur Respir J. 31(2):396-406, 2008
                                            12. Martinez S et al: The many faces of pulmonary nontuberculous mycobacterial infection. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 189(1):177-86, 2007
                                            Related Anatomy
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                                            Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                            References
                                            Tables

                                            Tables

                                            KEY FACTS

                                            • Terminology

                                              • Imaging

                                                • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                  • Pathology

                                                    • Clinical Issues

                                                      • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                        TERMINOLOGY

                                                        • Definitions

                                                          • Irreversible dilatation of cartilage-containing bronchi

                                                        IMAGING

                                                        • General Features

                                                          • Radiographic Findings

                                                            • CT Findings

                                                              • MR Findings

                                                                • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                    PATHOLOGY

                                                                    • General Features

                                                                      • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                        • Microscopic Features

                                                                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                          • Presentation

                                                                            • Demographics

                                                                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                • Treatment

                                                                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                  • Consider

                                                                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                      Selected References

                                                                                      1. Tiddens HAWM et al: The radiological diagnosis of bronchiectasis: what's in a name? Eur Respir Rev. 29(156), 2020
                                                                                      2. Bush A et al: Pathophysiology, causes and genetics of paediatric and adult bronchiectasis. Respirology. 24(11):1053-62, 2019
                                                                                      3. Juliusson G et al: Diagnostic imaging in adult non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis. Breathe (Sheff). 15(3):190-7, 2019
                                                                                      4. Bueno J et al: The role of imaging in the diagnosis of bronchiectasis: the key is in the distribution. Radiologia. 60(1):39-48, 2018
                                                                                      5. Schäfer J et al: Pathogenesis, imaging and clinical characteristics of CF and non-CF bronchiectasis. BMC Pulm Med. 18(1):79, 2018
                                                                                      6. Murphy KP et al: Imaging of cystic fibrosis and pediatric bronchiectasis. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 206(3):448-54, 2016
                                                                                      7. Dodd JD et al: Imaging in cystic fibrosis and non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis. Semin Respir Crit Care Med. 36(2):194-206, 2015
                                                                                      8. Milliron B et al: Bronchiectasis: Mechanisms and imaging clues of associated common and uncommon diseases. Radiographics. 35(4):1011-30, 2015
                                                                                      9. McShane PJ et al: Non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 188(6):647-56, 2013
                                                                                      10. Javidan-Nejad C et al: Bronchiectasis. Radiol Clin North Am. 47(2):289-306, 2009
                                                                                      11. Fuschillo S et al: Mucosal inflammation in idiopathic bronchiectasis: cellular and molecular mechanisms. Eur Respir J. 31(2):396-406, 2008
                                                                                      12. Martinez S et al: The many faces of pulmonary nontuberculous mycobacterial infection. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 189(1):177-86, 2007