link
Bookmarks
Bronchiolitis, Constrictive
Gerald F. Abbott, MD, FACR; Brett W. Carter, MD
To access 4,300 diagnoses written by the world's leading experts in radiology, please log in or subscribe.Log inSubscribe
0
14
0
5

KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Definitions

                • Bronchiolitis: Spectrum of inflammatory & fibrotic processes affecting small airways
                  • Multiple classification schemes
                    • Clinical features, setting, etiologies
                    • Histology & HRCT findings
                • Bronchiolitis obliterans
                  • Constrictive bronchiolitis (CB)
                    • Peribronchiolar fibrosis with resultant bronchiolar narrowing or obstruction
                    • Collagen deposition extrinsic to airway lumen
                    • Irreversible process
                  • Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (COP)
                    • Previously known as bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP)
                    • Cellular bronchiolitis with fibroblastic proliferation
                    • Typically responds to treatment
                • Obliterative bronchiolitis: Clinical syndrome of airflow obstruction, may be associated with CT or HRCT findings of small airways disease
                • Swyer-James-MacLeod syndrome:Unilateral or focal postinfectious constrictive bronchiolitis
                • Bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS): Clinical syndrome of chronic rejection following lung transplantation

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • Radiographic Findings

                  • CT Findings

                    • MR Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            • Microscopic Features

                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                              • Presentation

                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                  • Treatment

                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                    • Consider

                                      Selected References

                                      1. Epler GR: Diagnosis and treatment of constrictive bronchiolitis. F1000 Med Rep. 2, 2010
                                      2. Abbott GF et al: Imaging of small airways disease. J Thorac Imaging. 24(4):285-98, 2009
                                      3. Lynch DA: Imaging of small airways disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Clin Chest Med. 29(1):165-79, vii, 2008
                                      4. Cordier JF: Challenges in pulmonary fibrosis. 2: Bronchiolocentric fibrosis. Thorax. 62(7):638-49, 2007
                                      5. Visscher DW et al: Bronchiolitis: the pathologist's perspective. Proc Am Thorac Soc. 3(1):41-7, 2006
                                      6. Pipavath SJ et al: Radiologic and pathologic features of bronchiolitis. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 185(2):354-63, 2005
                                      7. van Beek EJ et al: Hyperpolarized 3-helium magnetic resonance imaging to probe lung function. Proc Am Thorac Soc. 2(6):528-32, 510, 2005
                                      Related Anatomy
                                      Loading...
                                      Related Differential Diagnoses
                                      Loading...
                                      References
                                      Tables

                                      Tables

                                      KEY FACTS

                                      • Terminology

                                        • Imaging

                                          • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                            • Pathology

                                              • Clinical Issues

                                                • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                  TERMINOLOGY

                                                  • Definitions

                                                    • Bronchiolitis: Spectrum of inflammatory & fibrotic processes affecting small airways
                                                      • Multiple classification schemes
                                                        • Clinical features, setting, etiologies
                                                        • Histology & HRCT findings
                                                    • Bronchiolitis obliterans
                                                      • Constrictive bronchiolitis (CB)
                                                        • Peribronchiolar fibrosis with resultant bronchiolar narrowing or obstruction
                                                        • Collagen deposition extrinsic to airway lumen
                                                        • Irreversible process
                                                      • Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (COP)
                                                        • Previously known as bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP)
                                                        • Cellular bronchiolitis with fibroblastic proliferation
                                                        • Typically responds to treatment
                                                    • Obliterative bronchiolitis: Clinical syndrome of airflow obstruction, may be associated with CT or HRCT findings of small airways disease
                                                    • Swyer-James-MacLeod syndrome:Unilateral or focal postinfectious constrictive bronchiolitis
                                                    • Bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS): Clinical syndrome of chronic rejection following lung transplantation

                                                  IMAGING

                                                  • General Features

                                                    • Radiographic Findings

                                                      • CT Findings

                                                        • MR Findings

                                                          • Imaging Recommendations

                                                            DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                              PATHOLOGY

                                                              • General Features

                                                                • Microscopic Features

                                                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                  • Presentation

                                                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                      • Treatment

                                                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                        • Consider

                                                                          Selected References

                                                                          1. Epler GR: Diagnosis and treatment of constrictive bronchiolitis. F1000 Med Rep. 2, 2010
                                                                          2. Abbott GF et al: Imaging of small airways disease. J Thorac Imaging. 24(4):285-98, 2009
                                                                          3. Lynch DA: Imaging of small airways disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Clin Chest Med. 29(1):165-79, vii, 2008
                                                                          4. Cordier JF: Challenges in pulmonary fibrosis. 2: Bronchiolocentric fibrosis. Thorax. 62(7):638-49, 2007
                                                                          5. Visscher DW et al: Bronchiolitis: the pathologist's perspective. Proc Am Thorac Soc. 3(1):41-7, 2006
                                                                          6. Pipavath SJ et al: Radiologic and pathologic features of bronchiolitis. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 185(2):354-63, 2005
                                                                          7. van Beek EJ et al: Hyperpolarized 3-helium magnetic resonance imaging to probe lung function. Proc Am Thorac Soc. 2(6):528-32, 510, 2005