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Bronchiolitis, Respiratory
Jeffrey P. Kanne, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Abbreviations

                • Respiratory bronchiolitis (RB)
                • Respiratory bronchiolitis-associated interstitial lung disease (RB-ILD)
              • Definitions

                • RB: Histologic reaction to cigarette smoke
                • RB-ILD & desquamative interstitial pneumonia (DIP) regarded as spectrum of smoking-related interstitial lung disease
                  • DIP: More extensive form of pigmented alveolar macrophage accumulation in bronchioles & alveoli

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • Radiographic Findings

                  • CT Findings

                    • Imaging Recommendations

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                            • Microscopic Features

                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                              • Presentation

                                • Demographics

                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                    • Treatment

                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                      • Consider

                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                          Selected References

                                          1. Tazelaar HD et al: Desquamative interstitial pneumonia. Histopathology. 58(4):509-16, 2011
                                          2. Beasley MB: Smoking-related Small airway disease--a review and update. Adv Anat Pathol. 17(4):270-6, 2010
                                          3. Chung JH et al: Smoking-related interstitial lung diseases. Semin Roentgenol. 45(1):29-35, 2010
                                          4. Galvin JR et al: Smoking-related lung disease. J Thorac Imaging. 24(4):274-84, 2009
                                          5. Kanne JP et al: Smoking-related emphysema and interstitial lung diseases. J Thorac Imaging. 2007 Aug;22(3):286-91. Review. Erratum in: J Thorac Imaging. 23(2):144, 2008
                                          6. Lynch DA et al: Idiopathic interstitial pneumonias: CT features. Radiology. 236(1):10-21, 2005
                                          7. Davies G et al: Respiratory bronchiolitis associated with interstitial lung disease and desquamative interstitial pneumonia. Clin Chest Med. 25(4):717-26, vi, 2004
                                          8. Wittram C: The idiopathic interstitial pneumonias. Curr Probl Diagn Radiol. 33(5):189-99, 2004
                                          9. Desai SR et al: Smoking-related interstitial lung diseases: histopathological and imaging perspectives. Clin Radiol. 58(4):259-68, 2003
                                          10. Ryu JH et al: Bronchiolar disorders. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 168(11):1277-92, 2003
                                          11. Wittram C et al: CT-histologic correlation of the ATS/ERS 2002 classification of idiopathic interstitial pneumonias. Radiographics. 23(5):1057-71, 2003
                                          12. American Thoracic Society; European Respiratory Society: American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society International Multidisciplinary Consensus Classification of the Idiopathic Interstitial Pneumonias. This joint statement of the American Thoracic Society (ATS), and the European Respiratory Society (ERS) was adopted by the ATS board of directors, June 2001 and by the ERS Executive Committee, June 2001. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 165(2):277-304, 2002
                                          13. Nicholson AG: Classification of idiopathic interstitial pneumonias: making sense of the alphabet soup. Histopathology. 41(5):381-91, 2002
                                          14. Szakacs JG: Pathologist's approach to diffuse lung disease. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 23(4):275-87, 2002
                                          15. Aubry MC et al: The pathology of smoking-related lung diseases. Clin Chest Med. 21(1):11-35, vii, 2000
                                          16. Guckel C et al: Imaging the 'dirty lung'--has high resolution computed tomography cleared the smoke? Clin Radiol. 53(10):717-22, 1998
                                          17. Wells AU: Computed tomographic imaging of bronchiolar disorders. Curr Opin Pulm Med. 4(2):85-92, 1998
                                          Related Anatomy
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                                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                          References
                                          Tables

                                          Tables

                                          KEY FACTS

                                          • Terminology

                                            • Imaging

                                              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                • Pathology

                                                  • Clinical Issues

                                                    • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                      TERMINOLOGY

                                                      • Abbreviations

                                                        • Respiratory bronchiolitis (RB)
                                                        • Respiratory bronchiolitis-associated interstitial lung disease (RB-ILD)
                                                      • Definitions

                                                        • RB: Histologic reaction to cigarette smoke
                                                        • RB-ILD & desquamative interstitial pneumonia (DIP) regarded as spectrum of smoking-related interstitial lung disease
                                                          • DIP: More extensive form of pigmented alveolar macrophage accumulation in bronchioles & alveoli

                                                      IMAGING

                                                      • General Features

                                                        • Radiographic Findings

                                                          • CT Findings

                                                            • Imaging Recommendations

                                                              DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                PATHOLOGY

                                                                • General Features

                                                                  • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                    • Microscopic Features

                                                                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                      • Presentation

                                                                        • Demographics

                                                                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                            • Treatment

                                                                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                              • Consider

                                                                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                  Selected References

                                                                                  1. Tazelaar HD et al: Desquamative interstitial pneumonia. Histopathology. 58(4):509-16, 2011
                                                                                  2. Beasley MB: Smoking-related Small airway disease--a review and update. Adv Anat Pathol. 17(4):270-6, 2010
                                                                                  3. Chung JH et al: Smoking-related interstitial lung diseases. Semin Roentgenol. 45(1):29-35, 2010
                                                                                  4. Galvin JR et al: Smoking-related lung disease. J Thorac Imaging. 24(4):274-84, 2009
                                                                                  5. Kanne JP et al: Smoking-related emphysema and interstitial lung diseases. J Thorac Imaging. 2007 Aug;22(3):286-91. Review. Erratum in: J Thorac Imaging. 23(2):144, 2008
                                                                                  6. Lynch DA et al: Idiopathic interstitial pneumonias: CT features. Radiology. 236(1):10-21, 2005
                                                                                  7. Davies G et al: Respiratory bronchiolitis associated with interstitial lung disease and desquamative interstitial pneumonia. Clin Chest Med. 25(4):717-26, vi, 2004
                                                                                  8. Wittram C: The idiopathic interstitial pneumonias. Curr Probl Diagn Radiol. 33(5):189-99, 2004
                                                                                  9. Desai SR et al: Smoking-related interstitial lung diseases: histopathological and imaging perspectives. Clin Radiol. 58(4):259-68, 2003
                                                                                  10. Ryu JH et al: Bronchiolar disorders. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 168(11):1277-92, 2003
                                                                                  11. Wittram C et al: CT-histologic correlation of the ATS/ERS 2002 classification of idiopathic interstitial pneumonias. Radiographics. 23(5):1057-71, 2003
                                                                                  12. American Thoracic Society; European Respiratory Society: American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society International Multidisciplinary Consensus Classification of the Idiopathic Interstitial Pneumonias. This joint statement of the American Thoracic Society (ATS), and the European Respiratory Society (ERS) was adopted by the ATS board of directors, June 2001 and by the ERS Executive Committee, June 2001. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 165(2):277-304, 2002
                                                                                  13. Nicholson AG: Classification of idiopathic interstitial pneumonias: making sense of the alphabet soup. Histopathology. 41(5):381-91, 2002
                                                                                  14. Szakacs JG: Pathologist's approach to diffuse lung disease. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 23(4):275-87, 2002
                                                                                  15. Aubry MC et al: The pathology of smoking-related lung diseases. Clin Chest Med. 21(1):11-35, vii, 2000
                                                                                  16. Guckel C et al: Imaging the 'dirty lung'--has high resolution computed tomography cleared the smoke? Clin Radiol. 53(10):717-22, 1998
                                                                                  17. Wells AU: Computed tomographic imaging of bronchiolar disorders. Curr Opin Pulm Med. 4(2):85-92, 1998