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Bronchitis
Carol C. Wu, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Abbreviations

                • Chronic bronchitis (CB)
              • Definitions

                • CB defined clinically, not anatomically
                  • Productive cough on most days for ≥ 3 months in each of 2 consecutive years without other causes
                • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) encompasses patients with CB, emphysema, & combination of both

              IMAGING

              • Radiographic Findings

                • CT Findings

                  • Imaging Recommendations

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                            • Microscopic Features

                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                              • Presentation

                                • Demographics

                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                    • Treatment

                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                      • Consider

                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                          Selected References

                                          1. Orlandi I et al: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: thin-section CT measurement of airway wall thickness and lung attenuation. Radiology. 234(2):604-10, 2005
                                          2. Lethbridge-Cejku M et al: Summary health statistics for U.S. adults: National Health Interview Survey, 2002. Vital Health Stat 10. (222):1-151, 2004
                                          3. Molfino NA: Genetics of COPD. Chest. 125(5):1929-40, 2004
                                          4. Pauwels RA et al: Global strategy for the diagnosis, management, and prevention of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. NHLBI/WHO Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) Workshop summary. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 163(5):1256-76, 2001
                                          5. Takasugi JE et al: Radiology of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Radiol Clin North Am. 36(1):29-55, 1998
                                          6. Jamal K et al: Chronic bronchitis. Correlation of morphologic findings to sputum production and flow rates. Am Rev Respir Dis. 129(5):719-22, 1984
                                          7. Peto R et al: The relevance in adults of air-flow obstruction, but not of mucus hypersecretion, to mortality from chronic lung disease. Results from 20 years of prospective observation. Am Rev Respir Dis. 128(3):491-500, 1983
                                          8. Greene R: "Saber-sheath" trachea: relation to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 130(3):441-5, 1978
                                          9. Milne EN et al: The roentgenologic diagnosis of early chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. J Can Assoc Radiol. 20(1):3-15, 1969
                                          10. American Thoracic Society. Definitions and classification of chronic bronchitis, asthma and pulmonary emphysema. Am Rev Respir Dis. 85:762-768, 1962
                                          Related Anatomy
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                                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                          References
                                          Tables

                                          Tables

                                          KEY FACTS

                                          • Terminology

                                            • Imaging

                                              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                • Pathology

                                                  • Clinical Issues

                                                    • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                      TERMINOLOGY

                                                      • Abbreviations

                                                        • Chronic bronchitis (CB)
                                                      • Definitions

                                                        • CB defined clinically, not anatomically
                                                          • Productive cough on most days for ≥ 3 months in each of 2 consecutive years without other causes
                                                        • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) encompasses patients with CB, emphysema, & combination of both

                                                      IMAGING

                                                      • Radiographic Findings

                                                        • CT Findings

                                                          • Imaging Recommendations

                                                            DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                              PATHOLOGY

                                                              • General Features

                                                                • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                                  • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                    • Microscopic Features

                                                                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                      • Presentation

                                                                        • Demographics

                                                                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                            • Treatment

                                                                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                              • Consider

                                                                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                  Selected References

                                                                                  1. Orlandi I et al: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: thin-section CT measurement of airway wall thickness and lung attenuation. Radiology. 234(2):604-10, 2005
                                                                                  2. Lethbridge-Cejku M et al: Summary health statistics for U.S. adults: National Health Interview Survey, 2002. Vital Health Stat 10. (222):1-151, 2004
                                                                                  3. Molfino NA: Genetics of COPD. Chest. 125(5):1929-40, 2004
                                                                                  4. Pauwels RA et al: Global strategy for the diagnosis, management, and prevention of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. NHLBI/WHO Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) Workshop summary. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 163(5):1256-76, 2001
                                                                                  5. Takasugi JE et al: Radiology of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Radiol Clin North Am. 36(1):29-55, 1998
                                                                                  6. Jamal K et al: Chronic bronchitis. Correlation of morphologic findings to sputum production and flow rates. Am Rev Respir Dis. 129(5):719-22, 1984
                                                                                  7. Peto R et al: The relevance in adults of air-flow obstruction, but not of mucus hypersecretion, to mortality from chronic lung disease. Results from 20 years of prospective observation. Am Rev Respir Dis. 128(3):491-500, 1983
                                                                                  8. Greene R: "Saber-sheath" trachea: relation to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 130(3):441-5, 1978
                                                                                  9. Milne EN et al: The roentgenologic diagnosis of early chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. J Can Assoc Radiol. 20(1):3-15, 1969
                                                                                  10. American Thoracic Society. Definitions and classification of chronic bronchitis, asthma and pulmonary emphysema. Am Rev Respir Dis. 85:762-768, 1962