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Bronchogenic Cyst
Emily S. Orscheln, MD; A. Carlson Merrow, Jr., MD, FAAP
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Definitions

            • Congenital mass in family of foregut duplication cysts: Bronchogenic cysts, enteric cysts, neurenteric cysts

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Radiographic Findings

              • Fluoroscopic Findings

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Ultrasonographic Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                              • Microscopic Features

                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                • Presentation

                                  • Demographics

                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                      • Treatment

                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                          Selected References

                                          1. Newman B: Magnetic resonance imaging for congenital lung malformations. Pediatr Radiol. 10;1-11, 2021
                                          2. Adams NC et al: Fetal ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging: a primer on how to interpret prenatal lung lesions. Pediatr Radiol. 50(13):1839-54, 2020
                                          3. Naumeri F et al: Variability of presentation and surgical approach in congenital cystic lesions of lung: a retrospective study in children presenting in Mayo Hospital. J Pak Med Assoc. 69(7):1035-8, 2019
                                          4. Zobel M et al: Congenital lung lesions. Semin Pediatr Surg. 28(4):150821, 2019
                                          5. Abushahin A et al: Bronchogenic cyst as an unusual cause of a persistent cough and wheeze in children: a case report and literature review. Case Rep Pediatr. 2018:9590829, 2018
                                          6. Chowdhury MM et al: Imaging of congenital lung malformations. Semin Pediatr Surg. 24(4):168-75, 2015
                                          7. Jiang JH et al: Differences in the distribution and presentation of bronchogenic cysts between adults and children. J Pediatr Surg. 50(3):399-401, 2015
                                          8. Chatterjee D et al: Ex utero intrapartum treatment to resection of a bronchogenic cyst causing airway compression. Fetal Diagn Ther. 35(2):137-40, 2014
                                          9. Durell J et al: Congenital cystic lesions of the lung. Early Hum Dev. 90(12):935-9, 2014
                                          10. Liu R et al: Duplication cysts: diagnosis, management, and the role of endoscopic ultrasound. Endosc Ultrasound. 3(3):152-60, 2014
                                          11. Suh JH et al: Left main bronchial obstruction caused by a mediastinal bronchogenic cyst. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 45(5):950, 2014
                                          12. Castro R et al: Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst: MRI findings. Case Rep Radiol. 2013:853795, 2013
                                          13. Pacharn P et al: Congenital lung lesions: prenatal MRI and postnatal findings. Pediatr Radiol. 43(9):1136-43, 2013
                                          14. Recio Rodríguez M et al: MR imaging of thoracic abnormalities in the fetus. Radiographics. 32(7):E305-21, 2012
                                          15. Biyyam DR et al: Congenital lung abnormalities: embryologic features, prenatal diagnosis, and postnatal radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 30(6):1721-38, 2010
                                          16. Laberge JM et al: Asymptomatic congenital lung malformations. Semin Pediatr Surg. 14(1):16-33, 2005
                                          17. Jeung MY et al: Imaging of cystic masses of the mediastinum. Radiographics. 22 Spec No:S79-93, 2002
                                          18. Yoon YC et al: Intrapulmonary bronchogenic cyst: CT and pathologic findings in five adult patients. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 179(1):167-70, 2002
                                          19. Ashizawa K et al: Anterior mediastinal bronchogenic cyst: demonstration of complicating malignancy by CT and MRI. Br J Radiol. 74(886):959-61, 2001
                                          20. McAdams HP et al: Bronchogenic cyst: imaging features with clinical and histopathologic correlation. Radiology. 217(2):441-6, 2000
                                          Related Anatomy
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                                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                          References
                                          Tables

                                          Tables

                                          KEY FACTS

                                          • Terminology

                                            • Imaging

                                              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                • Clinical Issues

                                                  TERMINOLOGY

                                                  • Definitions

                                                    • Congenital mass in family of foregut duplication cysts: Bronchogenic cysts, enteric cysts, neurenteric cysts

                                                  IMAGING

                                                  • General Features

                                                    • Radiographic Findings

                                                      • Fluoroscopic Findings

                                                        • CT Findings

                                                          • MR Findings

                                                            • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                              • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                  PATHOLOGY

                                                                  • General Features

                                                                    • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                      • Microscopic Features

                                                                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                        • Presentation

                                                                          • Demographics

                                                                            • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                              • Treatment

                                                                                DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                  Selected References

                                                                                  1. Newman B: Magnetic resonance imaging for congenital lung malformations. Pediatr Radiol. 10;1-11, 2021
                                                                                  2. Adams NC et al: Fetal ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging: a primer on how to interpret prenatal lung lesions. Pediatr Radiol. 50(13):1839-54, 2020
                                                                                  3. Naumeri F et al: Variability of presentation and surgical approach in congenital cystic lesions of lung: a retrospective study in children presenting in Mayo Hospital. J Pak Med Assoc. 69(7):1035-8, 2019
                                                                                  4. Zobel M et al: Congenital lung lesions. Semin Pediatr Surg. 28(4):150821, 2019
                                                                                  5. Abushahin A et al: Bronchogenic cyst as an unusual cause of a persistent cough and wheeze in children: a case report and literature review. Case Rep Pediatr. 2018:9590829, 2018
                                                                                  6. Chowdhury MM et al: Imaging of congenital lung malformations. Semin Pediatr Surg. 24(4):168-75, 2015
                                                                                  7. Jiang JH et al: Differences in the distribution and presentation of bronchogenic cysts between adults and children. J Pediatr Surg. 50(3):399-401, 2015
                                                                                  8. Chatterjee D et al: Ex utero intrapartum treatment to resection of a bronchogenic cyst causing airway compression. Fetal Diagn Ther. 35(2):137-40, 2014
                                                                                  9. Durell J et al: Congenital cystic lesions of the lung. Early Hum Dev. 90(12):935-9, 2014
                                                                                  10. Liu R et al: Duplication cysts: diagnosis, management, and the role of endoscopic ultrasound. Endosc Ultrasound. 3(3):152-60, 2014
                                                                                  11. Suh JH et al: Left main bronchial obstruction caused by a mediastinal bronchogenic cyst. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 45(5):950, 2014
                                                                                  12. Castro R et al: Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst: MRI findings. Case Rep Radiol. 2013:853795, 2013
                                                                                  13. Pacharn P et al: Congenital lung lesions: prenatal MRI and postnatal findings. Pediatr Radiol. 43(9):1136-43, 2013
                                                                                  14. Recio Rodríguez M et al: MR imaging of thoracic abnormalities in the fetus. Radiographics. 32(7):E305-21, 2012
                                                                                  15. Biyyam DR et al: Congenital lung abnormalities: embryologic features, prenatal diagnosis, and postnatal radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 30(6):1721-38, 2010
                                                                                  16. Laberge JM et al: Asymptomatic congenital lung malformations. Semin Pediatr Surg. 14(1):16-33, 2005
                                                                                  17. Jeung MY et al: Imaging of cystic masses of the mediastinum. Radiographics. 22 Spec No:S79-93, 2002
                                                                                  18. Yoon YC et al: Intrapulmonary bronchogenic cyst: CT and pathologic findings in five adult patients. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 179(1):167-70, 2002
                                                                                  19. Ashizawa K et al: Anterior mediastinal bronchogenic cyst: demonstration of complicating malignancy by CT and MRI. Br J Radiol. 74(886):959-61, 2001
                                                                                  20. McAdams HP et al: Bronchogenic cyst: imaging features with clinical and histopathologic correlation. Radiology. 217(2):441-6, 2000