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Buccal and Palatal Exostoses
Lisa J. Koenig, BChD, DDS, MS
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Synonyms

                • Hyperostoses; palatal exostoses (a.k.a. tori maxillaris); buccal lipping
              • Definitions

                • Hyperplastic protuberances of normal cortical and cancellous bone

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • Imaging Recommendations

                  • Radiographic Findings

                    • CT Findings

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          • Microscopic Features

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Demographics

                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                  • Treatment

                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                    • Consider

                                      Selected References

                                      1. Auškalnis A et al: Oral bony outgrowths: prevalence and genetic factor influence. Study of twins. Medicina (Kaunas). 51(4):228-32, 2015
                                      2. Medsinge SV et al: Buccal exostosis: a rare entity. J Int Oral Health. 7(5):62-4, 2015
                                      3. Gedik R et al: Multiple lesions in the upper jaw. West Indian Med J. 63(7):796-8, 2014
                                      4. Jain R et al: Mandibular exostosis in canine with single tooth recession - a rare case report. J Int Oral Health. 6(4):89-91, 2014
                                      5. Bansal M et al: Multiple mandibular exostoses: a rare case report. J Clin Diagn Res. 7(8):1802-3, 2013
                                      6. Ruiz LP et al: Craniomaxillofacial features in hereditary multiple exostosis. J Craniofac Surg. 23(4):e336-8, 2012
                                      7. Chambrone LA et al: Bony exostoses developed subsequent to free gingival grafts: case series. Br Dent J. 199(3):146-9, 2005
                                      8. Chaudhry SI et al: Multiple maxillary and mandibular exostoses associated with multiple dermatofibromas: a case report. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 89(3):319-22, 2000
                                      9. Horning GM et al: Buccal alveolar exostoses: prevalence, characteristics, and evidence for buttressing bone formation. J Periodontol. 71(6):1032-42, 2000
                                      10. Jainkittivong A et al: Buccal and palatal exostoses: prevalence and concurrence with tori. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 90(1):48-53, 2000
                                      Related Anatomy
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                                      Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                      References
                                      Tables

                                      Tables

                                      KEY FACTS

                                      • Terminology

                                        • Imaging

                                          • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                            • Pathology

                                              • Clinical Issues

                                                • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                  TERMINOLOGY

                                                  • Synonyms

                                                    • Hyperostoses; palatal exostoses (a.k.a. tori maxillaris); buccal lipping
                                                  • Definitions

                                                    • Hyperplastic protuberances of normal cortical and cancellous bone

                                                  IMAGING

                                                  • General Features

                                                    • Imaging Recommendations

                                                      • Radiographic Findings

                                                        • CT Findings

                                                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                            PATHOLOGY

                                                            • General Features

                                                              • Microscopic Features

                                                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                • Presentation

                                                                  • Demographics

                                                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                      • Treatment

                                                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                        • Consider

                                                                          Selected References

                                                                          1. Auškalnis A et al: Oral bony outgrowths: prevalence and genetic factor influence. Study of twins. Medicina (Kaunas). 51(4):228-32, 2015
                                                                          2. Medsinge SV et al: Buccal exostosis: a rare entity. J Int Oral Health. 7(5):62-4, 2015
                                                                          3. Gedik R et al: Multiple lesions in the upper jaw. West Indian Med J. 63(7):796-8, 2014
                                                                          4. Jain R et al: Mandibular exostosis in canine with single tooth recession - a rare case report. J Int Oral Health. 6(4):89-91, 2014
                                                                          5. Bansal M et al: Multiple mandibular exostoses: a rare case report. J Clin Diagn Res. 7(8):1802-3, 2013
                                                                          6. Ruiz LP et al: Craniomaxillofacial features in hereditary multiple exostosis. J Craniofac Surg. 23(4):e336-8, 2012
                                                                          7. Chambrone LA et al: Bony exostoses developed subsequent to free gingival grafts: case series. Br Dent J. 199(3):146-9, 2005
                                                                          8. Chaudhry SI et al: Multiple maxillary and mandibular exostoses associated with multiple dermatofibromas: a case report. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 89(3):319-22, 2000
                                                                          9. Horning GM et al: Buccal alveolar exostoses: prevalence, characteristics, and evidence for buttressing bone formation. J Periodontol. 71(6):1032-42, 2000
                                                                          10. Jainkittivong A et al: Buccal and palatal exostoses: prevalence and concurrence with tori. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 90(1):48-53, 2000