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Calvarial Fracture
Gregory L. Katzman, MD, MBA
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KEY FACTS

  • Imaging

    • Top Differential Diagnoses

      • Pathology

        • Clinical Issues

          • Diagnostic Checklist

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Synonyms

              • Calvarial, skull, skull base, basilar skull fracture (fx)

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Radiographic Findings

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Imaging Recommendations

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                            • Microscopic Features

                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                              • Presentation

                                • Demographics

                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                    • Treatment

                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                      • Consider

                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                          Selected References

                                          1. Foster KA et al: Factors Associated with Hemispheric Hypodensity after Subdural Hematoma following Abusive Head Trauma in Children. J Neurotrauma. Epub ahead of print, 2014
                                          2. Rivkin MA et al: Sinovenous thrombosis associated with skull fracture in the setting of blunt head trauma. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 156(5):999-1007; discussion 1007, 2014
                                          3. Theodore N et al: Occipital condyle fractures. Neurosurgery. 72 Suppl 2:106-13, 2013
                                          4. Kumar R et al: An unusual case of post-traumatic intradiploic leptomeningeal cyst and review of the literature. Neurol India. 60(2):245-7, 2012
                                          5. Piteau SJ et al: Clinical and radiographic characteristics associated with abusive and nonabusive head trauma: a systematic review. Pediatrics. 130(2):315-23, 2012
                                          6. Karam YR et al: Occipital condyle fractures. Neurosurgery. 66(3 Suppl):56-9, 2010
                                          7. Munoz-Sanchez MA et al: Skull fracture, with or without clinical signs, in mTBI is an independent risk marker for neurosurgically relevant intracranial lesion: a cohort study. Brain Inj. 23(1):39-44, 2009
                                          8. Huang HH et al: Vagus nerve paralysis due to skull base fracture. Auris Nasus Larynx. 35(1):153-5, 2008
                                          9. Zhao X et al: Basilar skull fracture: a risk factor for transverse/sigmoid venous sinus obstruction. J Neurotrauma. 25(2):104-11, 2008
                                          Related Anatomy
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                                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                          References
                                          Tables

                                          Tables

                                          KEY FACTS

                                          • Imaging

                                            • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                              • Pathology

                                                • Clinical Issues

                                                  • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                    TERMINOLOGY

                                                    • Synonyms

                                                      • Calvarial, skull, skull base, basilar skull fracture (fx)

                                                    IMAGING

                                                    • General Features

                                                      • Radiographic Findings

                                                        • CT Findings

                                                          • MR Findings

                                                            • Imaging Recommendations

                                                              DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                PATHOLOGY

                                                                • General Features

                                                                  • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                    • Microscopic Features

                                                                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                      • Presentation

                                                                        • Demographics

                                                                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                            • Treatment

                                                                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                              • Consider

                                                                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                  Selected References

                                                                                  1. Foster KA et al: Factors Associated with Hemispheric Hypodensity after Subdural Hematoma following Abusive Head Trauma in Children. J Neurotrauma. Epub ahead of print, 2014
                                                                                  2. Rivkin MA et al: Sinovenous thrombosis associated with skull fracture in the setting of blunt head trauma. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 156(5):999-1007; discussion 1007, 2014
                                                                                  3. Theodore N et al: Occipital condyle fractures. Neurosurgery. 72 Suppl 2:106-13, 2013
                                                                                  4. Kumar R et al: An unusual case of post-traumatic intradiploic leptomeningeal cyst and review of the literature. Neurol India. 60(2):245-7, 2012
                                                                                  5. Piteau SJ et al: Clinical and radiographic characteristics associated with abusive and nonabusive head trauma: a systematic review. Pediatrics. 130(2):315-23, 2012
                                                                                  6. Karam YR et al: Occipital condyle fractures. Neurosurgery. 66(3 Suppl):56-9, 2010
                                                                                  7. Munoz-Sanchez MA et al: Skull fracture, with or without clinical signs, in mTBI is an independent risk marker for neurosurgically relevant intracranial lesion: a cohort study. Brain Inj. 23(1):39-44, 2009
                                                                                  8. Huang HH et al: Vagus nerve paralysis due to skull base fracture. Auris Nasus Larynx. 35(1):153-5, 2008
                                                                                  9. Zhao X et al: Basilar skull fracture: a risk factor for transverse/sigmoid venous sinus obstruction. J Neurotrauma. 25(2):104-11, 2008