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Calvarial Fracture
Kevin R. Moore, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Synonyms

                • Calvarial, skull, skull base, basilar skull fracture

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • Radiographic Findings

                  • CT Findings

                    • MR Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                              • Microscopic Features

                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                • Presentation

                                  • Demographics

                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                      • Treatment

                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                        • Consider

                                          • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                            Selected References

                                            1. Ilhan O et al: Spontaneous resolution of a 'ping-pong' fracture at birth. BMJ Case Rep. 2018, 2018
                                            2. Zulfiqar M et al: The role of computed tomography in following up pediatric skull fractures. Am J Surg. 214(3):483-8, 2017
                                            3. Dundamadappa SK et al: Skull fractures in pediatric patients on computerized tomogram: comparison between routing bone window images and 3D volume-rendered images. Emerg Radiol. 22(4):367-72, 2015
                                            4. Foster KA et al: Factors associated with hemispheric hypodensity after subdural hematoma following abusive head trauma in children. J Neurotrauma. 31(19):1625-31, 2014
                                            5. Rivkin MA et al: Sinovenous thrombosis associated with skull fracture in the setting of blunt head trauma. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 156(5):999-1007; discussion 1007, 2014
                                            6. Theodore N et al: Occipital condyle fractures. Neurosurgery. 72 Suppl 2:106-13, 2013
                                            7. Kumar R et al: An unusual case of post-traumatic intradiploic leptomeningeal cyst and review of the literature. Neurol India. 60(2):245-7, 2012
                                            8. Piteau SJ et al: Clinical and radiographic characteristics associated with abusive and nonabusive head trauma: a systematic review. Pediatrics. 130(2):315-23, 2012
                                            9. Hermann EJ et al: Progressive osteolytic calvarial lesions in children after minor head injury. Pediatr Neurosurg. 47(2):133-7, 2011
                                            10. Karam YR et al: Occipital condyle fractures. Neurosurgery. 66(3 Suppl):56-9, 2010
                                            11. Munoz-Sanchez MA et al: Skull fracture, with or without clinical signs, in mTBI is an independent risk marker for neurosurgically relevant intracranial lesion: a cohort study. Brain Inj. 23(1):39-44, 2009
                                            12. Huang HH et al: Vagus nerve paralysis due to skull base fracture. Auris Nasus Larynx. 35(1):153-5, 2008
                                            13. Zhao X et al: Basilar skull fracture: a risk factor for transverse/sigmoid venous sinus obstruction. J Neurotrauma. 25(2):104-11, 2008
                                            Related Anatomy
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                                            Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                            References
                                            Tables

                                            Tables

                                            KEY FACTS

                                            • Terminology

                                              • Imaging

                                                • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                  • Pathology

                                                    • Clinical Issues

                                                      • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                        TERMINOLOGY

                                                        • Synonyms

                                                          • Calvarial, skull, skull base, basilar skull fracture

                                                        IMAGING

                                                        • General Features

                                                          • Radiographic Findings

                                                            • CT Findings

                                                              • MR Findings

                                                                • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                    PATHOLOGY

                                                                    • General Features

                                                                      • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                        • Microscopic Features

                                                                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                          • Presentation

                                                                            • Demographics

                                                                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                • Treatment

                                                                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                  • Consider

                                                                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                      Selected References

                                                                                      1. Ilhan O et al: Spontaneous resolution of a 'ping-pong' fracture at birth. BMJ Case Rep. 2018, 2018
                                                                                      2. Zulfiqar M et al: The role of computed tomography in following up pediatric skull fractures. Am J Surg. 214(3):483-8, 2017
                                                                                      3. Dundamadappa SK et al: Skull fractures in pediatric patients on computerized tomogram: comparison between routing bone window images and 3D volume-rendered images. Emerg Radiol. 22(4):367-72, 2015
                                                                                      4. Foster KA et al: Factors associated with hemispheric hypodensity after subdural hematoma following abusive head trauma in children. J Neurotrauma. 31(19):1625-31, 2014
                                                                                      5. Rivkin MA et al: Sinovenous thrombosis associated with skull fracture in the setting of blunt head trauma. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 156(5):999-1007; discussion 1007, 2014
                                                                                      6. Theodore N et al: Occipital condyle fractures. Neurosurgery. 72 Suppl 2:106-13, 2013
                                                                                      7. Kumar R et al: An unusual case of post-traumatic intradiploic leptomeningeal cyst and review of the literature. Neurol India. 60(2):245-7, 2012
                                                                                      8. Piteau SJ et al: Clinical and radiographic characteristics associated with abusive and nonabusive head trauma: a systematic review. Pediatrics. 130(2):315-23, 2012
                                                                                      9. Hermann EJ et al: Progressive osteolytic calvarial lesions in children after minor head injury. Pediatr Neurosurg. 47(2):133-7, 2011
                                                                                      10. Karam YR et al: Occipital condyle fractures. Neurosurgery. 66(3 Suppl):56-9, 2010
                                                                                      11. Munoz-Sanchez MA et al: Skull fracture, with or without clinical signs, in mTBI is an independent risk marker for neurosurgically relevant intracranial lesion: a cohort study. Brain Inj. 23(1):39-44, 2009
                                                                                      12. Huang HH et al: Vagus nerve paralysis due to skull base fracture. Auris Nasus Larynx. 35(1):153-5, 2008
                                                                                      13. Zhao X et al: Basilar skull fracture: a risk factor for transverse/sigmoid venous sinus obstruction. J Neurotrauma. 25(2):104-11, 2008