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Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
Yoshimi Anzai, MD, MPH
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Abbreviations

              • Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning (COP)
            • Definitions

              • Anoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, usually with bilateral lesions, caused by inhalation of CO gas

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                    • Imaging Recommendations

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                              • Microscopic Features

                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                • Presentation

                                  • Demographics

                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                      • Treatment

                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                        • Consider

                                          Selected References

                                          1. Beppu T: The role of MR imaging in assessment of brain damage from carbon monoxide poisoning: a review of the literature. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 35(4):625-31, 2014
                                          2. Betterman K et al: Neurologic complications of carbon monoxide intoxication. Handb Clin Neurol. 120:971-9, 2014
                                          3. Mizuno Y et al: Delayed leukoencephalopathy after carbon monoxide poisoning presenting as subacute dementia. Intern Med. 53(13):1441-5, 2014
                                          4. Wu PE et al: Carbon monoxide poisoning. CMAJ. 186(8):611, 2014
                                          5. Hampson NB et al: Toxic CO-ingestions in intentional carbon monoxide poisoning. J Emerg Med. 44(3):625-30, 2013
                                          6. Huzar TF et al: Carbon monoxide and cyanide toxicity: etiology, pathophysiology and treatment in inhalation injury. Expert Rev Respir Med. 7(2):159-70, 2013
                                          7. Guzman JA: Carbon monoxide poisoning. Crit Care Clin. 28(4):537-48, 2012
                                          8. Hampson NB et al: Practice recommendations in the diagnosis, management, and prevention of carbon monoxide poisoning. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 186(11):1095-101, 2012
                                          9. Katner A et al: Emergency department visits for carbon monoxide poisoning in LA. J La State Med Soc. 164(6):306-10, 2012
                                          10. Kondziella D et al: 1H MR spectroscopy of gray and white matter in carbon monoxide poisoning. J Neurol. 256(6):970-9, 2009
                                          11. Lin WC et al: White matter damage in carbon monoxide intoxication assessed in vivo using diffusion tensor MR imaging. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 30(6):1248-55, 2009
                                          12. Prockop LD et al: Carbon monoxide intoxication: an updated review. J Neurol Sci. 262(1-2):122-30, 2007
                                          13. Prockop LD: Carbon monoxide brain toxicity: clinical, magnetic resonance imaging, magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and neuropsychological effects in 9 people. J Neuroimaging. 15(2):144-9, 2005
                                          Related Anatomy
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                                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                          References
                                          Tables

                                          Tables

                                          KEY FACTS

                                          • Terminology

                                            • Imaging

                                              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                • Pathology

                                                  • Clinical Issues

                                                    TERMINOLOGY

                                                    • Abbreviations

                                                      • Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning (COP)
                                                    • Definitions

                                                      • Anoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, usually with bilateral lesions, caused by inhalation of CO gas

                                                    IMAGING

                                                    • General Features

                                                      • CT Findings

                                                        • MR Findings

                                                          • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                            • Imaging Recommendations

                                                              DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                PATHOLOGY

                                                                • General Features

                                                                  • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                                    • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                      • Microscopic Features

                                                                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                        • Presentation

                                                                          • Demographics

                                                                            • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                              • Treatment

                                                                                DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                • Consider

                                                                                  Selected References

                                                                                  1. Beppu T: The role of MR imaging in assessment of brain damage from carbon monoxide poisoning: a review of the literature. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 35(4):625-31, 2014
                                                                                  2. Betterman K et al: Neurologic complications of carbon monoxide intoxication. Handb Clin Neurol. 120:971-9, 2014
                                                                                  3. Mizuno Y et al: Delayed leukoencephalopathy after carbon monoxide poisoning presenting as subacute dementia. Intern Med. 53(13):1441-5, 2014
                                                                                  4. Wu PE et al: Carbon monoxide poisoning. CMAJ. 186(8):611, 2014
                                                                                  5. Hampson NB et al: Toxic CO-ingestions in intentional carbon monoxide poisoning. J Emerg Med. 44(3):625-30, 2013
                                                                                  6. Huzar TF et al: Carbon monoxide and cyanide toxicity: etiology, pathophysiology and treatment in inhalation injury. Expert Rev Respir Med. 7(2):159-70, 2013
                                                                                  7. Guzman JA: Carbon monoxide poisoning. Crit Care Clin. 28(4):537-48, 2012
                                                                                  8. Hampson NB et al: Practice recommendations in the diagnosis, management, and prevention of carbon monoxide poisoning. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 186(11):1095-101, 2012
                                                                                  9. Katner A et al: Emergency department visits for carbon monoxide poisoning in LA. J La State Med Soc. 164(6):306-10, 2012
                                                                                  10. Kondziella D et al: 1H MR spectroscopy of gray and white matter in carbon monoxide poisoning. J Neurol. 256(6):970-9, 2009
                                                                                  11. Lin WC et al: White matter damage in carbon monoxide intoxication assessed in vivo using diffusion tensor MR imaging. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 30(6):1248-55, 2009
                                                                                  12. Prockop LD et al: Carbon monoxide intoxication: an updated review. J Neurol Sci. 262(1-2):122-30, 2007
                                                                                  13. Prockop LD: Carbon monoxide brain toxicity: clinical, magnetic resonance imaging, magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and neuropsychological effects in 9 people. J Neuroimaging. 15(2):144-9, 2005