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Carcinoid Tumor
Michael P. Federle, MD, FACR
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Synonyms

            • Gastrointestinal carcinoid (neuroendocrine tumor)
          • Definitions

            • Well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumor originating in the digestive tract
              • Or, less commonly, lung or genitourinary tract

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Radiographic Findings

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Angiographic Findings

                    • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                              • Microscopic Features

                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                • Presentation

                                  • Demographics

                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                      • Treatment

                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                        • Consider

                                          • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                            Selected References

                                            1. Castellano D et al: Expert consensus for the management of advanced or metastatic pancreatic neuroendocrine and carcinoid tumors. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. ePub, 2014
                                            2. Imperiale A et al: Unknown multifocal ileal carcinoid revealed by (18)F-FDOPA PET/CT. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 99(5):1510-1, 2014
                                            3. Ortiz J et al: Liver Transplant for Neuroendocrine Tumor Metastatic to the Liver: Literature Review and Report of Extirpation at 16-Year Recurrence. Exp Clin Transplant. ePub, 2014
                                            4. Sollini M et al: PET and PET/CT with 68gallium-labeled somatostatin analogues in Non GEP-NETs Tumors. ScientificWorldJournal. 2014:194123, 2014
                                            5. Tsai SD et al: Duodenal neuroendocrine tumors: retrospective evaluation of CT imaging features and pattern of metastatic disease on dual-phase MDCT with pathologic correlation. Abdom Imaging. ePub, 2014
                                            6. Horton KM et al: Multidetector-row computed tomography and 3-dimensional computed tomography imaging of small bowel neoplasms: current concept in diagnosis. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 28(1):106-16, 2004
                                            7. Horton KM et al: Carcinoid tumors of the small bowel: a multitechnique imaging approach. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 182(3):559-67, 2004
                                            8. Maccioni F et al: Magnetic resonance imaging of an ileal carcinoid tumor. Correlation with CT and US. Clin Imaging. 27(6):403-7, 2003
                                            9. Sheth S et al: Mesenteric neoplasms: CT appearances of primary and secondary tumors and differential diagnosis. Radiographics. 23(2):457-73; quiz 535-6, 2003
                                            10. Buckley JA et al: CT evaluation of small bowel neoplasms: spectrum of disease. Radiographics. 18(2):379-92, 1998
                                            11. Whitfill CH et al: Primary carcinoid of the duodenum: detection and characterization by magnetic resonance imaging. J Magn Reson Imaging. 8(5):1175-6, 1998
                                            Related Anatomy
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                                            Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                            References
                                            Tables

                                            Tables

                                            KEY FACTS

                                            • Terminology

                                              • Imaging

                                                • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                  • Clinical Issues

                                                    TERMINOLOGY

                                                    • Synonyms

                                                      • Gastrointestinal carcinoid (neuroendocrine tumor)
                                                    • Definitions

                                                      • Well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumor originating in the digestive tract
                                                        • Or, less commonly, lung or genitourinary tract

                                                    IMAGING

                                                    • General Features

                                                      • Radiographic Findings

                                                        • CT Findings

                                                          • MR Findings

                                                            • Angiographic Findings

                                                              • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                                • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                    PATHOLOGY

                                                                    • General Features

                                                                      • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                        • Microscopic Features

                                                                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                          • Presentation

                                                                            • Demographics

                                                                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                • Treatment

                                                                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                  • Consider

                                                                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                      Selected References

                                                                                      1. Castellano D et al: Expert consensus for the management of advanced or metastatic pancreatic neuroendocrine and carcinoid tumors. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. ePub, 2014
                                                                                      2. Imperiale A et al: Unknown multifocal ileal carcinoid revealed by (18)F-FDOPA PET/CT. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 99(5):1510-1, 2014
                                                                                      3. Ortiz J et al: Liver Transplant for Neuroendocrine Tumor Metastatic to the Liver: Literature Review and Report of Extirpation at 16-Year Recurrence. Exp Clin Transplant. ePub, 2014
                                                                                      4. Sollini M et al: PET and PET/CT with 68gallium-labeled somatostatin analogues in Non GEP-NETs Tumors. ScientificWorldJournal. 2014:194123, 2014
                                                                                      5. Tsai SD et al: Duodenal neuroendocrine tumors: retrospective evaluation of CT imaging features and pattern of metastatic disease on dual-phase MDCT with pathologic correlation. Abdom Imaging. ePub, 2014
                                                                                      6. Horton KM et al: Multidetector-row computed tomography and 3-dimensional computed tomography imaging of small bowel neoplasms: current concept in diagnosis. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 28(1):106-16, 2004
                                                                                      7. Horton KM et al: Carcinoid tumors of the small bowel: a multitechnique imaging approach. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 182(3):559-67, 2004
                                                                                      8. Maccioni F et al: Magnetic resonance imaging of an ileal carcinoid tumor. Correlation with CT and US. Clin Imaging. 27(6):403-7, 2003
                                                                                      9. Sheth S et al: Mesenteric neoplasms: CT appearances of primary and secondary tumors and differential diagnosis. Radiographics. 23(2):457-73; quiz 535-6, 2003
                                                                                      10. Buckley JA et al: CT evaluation of small bowel neoplasms: spectrum of disease. Radiographics. 18(2):379-92, 1998
                                                                                      11. Whitfill CH et al: Primary carcinoid of the duodenum: detection and characterization by magnetic resonance imaging. J Magn Reson Imaging. 8(5):1175-6, 1998