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Cardiac Inflammation and Infection
Paige Bennett, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Imaging

    • Top Differential Diagnoses

      TERMINOLOGY

      • Definitions

        • Inflammatory heart disease
          • Pericarditis
            • Inflammation of pericardium
          • Myocarditis
            • Inflammation of heart muscle
          • Endocarditis
            • Inflammation of endocardium, often valves
        • Causes of inflammatory heart disease
          • Infection
          • Drugs
          • Toxins
          • External beam radiation therapy
          • Uremia

      IMAGING

      • F-18 FDG PET/CT Findings

        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

          CLINICAL ISSUES

          • Treatment

            DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

            • Image Interpretation Pearls

              Selected References

              1. Hanneman K et al: Initial experience with simultaneous 18F-FDG PET/MRI in the evaluation of cardiac sarcoidosis and myocarditis. Clin Nucl Med. 42(7):e328-e334, 2017
              2. Mathieu C et al: Characterization of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake pattern in noninfected prosthetic heart valves. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 10(3):e005585, 2017
              3. Granados U et al: Diagnostic accuracy of 18F-FDG PET/CT in infective endocarditis and implantable cardiac electronic device infection: A Cross-Sectional Study. J Nucl Med. 57(11):1726-1732, 2016
              4. Lawal I et al: F-18 FDG PET/CT imaging of cardiac and vascular inflammation and infection. Br Med Bull. ePub, 2016
              5. Tang R et al: Impact of patient preparation on the diagnostic performance of 18F-FDG PET in cardiac sarcoidosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Nucl Med. 41(7):e327-39, 2016
              6. Skali H et al: 18F-FDG PET/CT for the assessment of myocardial sarcoidosis. Curr Cardiol Rep. 15(4):352, 2013
              Related Anatomy
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              Related Differential Diagnoses
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              References
              Tables

              Tables

              KEY FACTS

              • Imaging

                • Top Differential Diagnoses

                  TERMINOLOGY

                  • Definitions

                    • Inflammatory heart disease
                      • Pericarditis
                        • Inflammation of pericardium
                      • Myocarditis
                        • Inflammation of heart muscle
                      • Endocarditis
                        • Inflammation of endocardium, often valves
                    • Causes of inflammatory heart disease
                      • Infection
                      • Drugs
                      • Toxins
                      • External beam radiation therapy
                      • Uremia

                  IMAGING

                  • F-18 FDG PET/CT Findings

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                      • Treatment

                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                          Selected References

                          1. Hanneman K et al: Initial experience with simultaneous 18F-FDG PET/MRI in the evaluation of cardiac sarcoidosis and myocarditis. Clin Nucl Med. 42(7):e328-e334, 2017
                          2. Mathieu C et al: Characterization of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake pattern in noninfected prosthetic heart valves. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 10(3):e005585, 2017
                          3. Granados U et al: Diagnostic accuracy of 18F-FDG PET/CT in infective endocarditis and implantable cardiac electronic device infection: A Cross-Sectional Study. J Nucl Med. 57(11):1726-1732, 2016
                          4. Lawal I et al: F-18 FDG PET/CT imaging of cardiac and vascular inflammation and infection. Br Med Bull. ePub, 2016
                          5. Tang R et al: Impact of patient preparation on the diagnostic performance of 18F-FDG PET in cardiac sarcoidosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Nucl Med. 41(7):e327-39, 2016
                          6. Skali H et al: 18F-FDG PET/CT for the assessment of myocardial sarcoidosis. Curr Cardiol Rep. 15(4):352, 2013