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Cardiac Myxoma
John P. Lichtenberger, III, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          • Diagnostic Checklist

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Definitions

              • Most common primary cardiac neoplasm
              • ~ 50% of primary benign cardiac neoplasms

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Radiographic Findings

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Echocardiographic Findings

                      • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                        • Imaging Recommendations

                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                            PATHOLOGY

                            • General Features

                              • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                • Microscopic Features

                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                  • Presentation

                                    • Demographics

                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                        • Treatment

                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                          • Consider

                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                              Selected References

                                              1. Abbas A et al: Cardiac MR assessment of cardiac myxomas. Br J Radiol. 88(1045):20140599, 2015
                                              2. Nensa F et al: Integrated 18F-FDG PET/MR imaging in the assessment of cardiac masses: a pilot study. J Nucl Med. 56(2):255-60, 2015
                                              3. O'Donnell DH et al: Cardiac tumors: optimal cardiac MR sequences and spectrum of imaging appearances. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 193(2):377-87, 2009
                                              4. Niarchos C et al: Ascites and other extracardiac manifestations associated with right atrial myxoma: a case report. Angiology. 56(3):357-60, 2005
                                              5. Grebenc ML et al: Cardiac myxoma: imaging features in 83 patients. Radiographics. 22(3):673-89, 2002
                                              6. Spuentrup E et al: Visualization of cardiac myxoma mobility with real-time spiral magnetic resonance imaging. Circulation. 104(19):E101-1, 2001
                                              7. Araoz PA et al: CT and MR imaging of benign primary cardiac neoplasms with echocardiographic correlation. Radiographics. 20(5):1303-19, 2000
                                              Related Anatomy
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                                              Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                              References
                                              Tables

                                              Tables

                                              KEY FACTS

                                              • Terminology

                                                • Imaging

                                                  • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                    • Clinical Issues

                                                      • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                        TERMINOLOGY

                                                        • Definitions

                                                          • Most common primary cardiac neoplasm
                                                          • ~ 50% of primary benign cardiac neoplasms

                                                        IMAGING

                                                        • General Features

                                                          • Radiographic Findings

                                                            • CT Findings

                                                              • MR Findings

                                                                • Echocardiographic Findings

                                                                  • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                                    • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                        PATHOLOGY

                                                                        • General Features

                                                                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                            • Microscopic Features

                                                                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                              • Presentation

                                                                                • Demographics

                                                                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                    • Treatment

                                                                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                      • Consider

                                                                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                          Selected References

                                                                                          1. Abbas A et al: Cardiac MR assessment of cardiac myxomas. Br J Radiol. 88(1045):20140599, 2015
                                                                                          2. Nensa F et al: Integrated 18F-FDG PET/MR imaging in the assessment of cardiac masses: a pilot study. J Nucl Med. 56(2):255-60, 2015
                                                                                          3. O'Donnell DH et al: Cardiac tumors: optimal cardiac MR sequences and spectrum of imaging appearances. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 193(2):377-87, 2009
                                                                                          4. Niarchos C et al: Ascites and other extracardiac manifestations associated with right atrial myxoma: a case report. Angiology. 56(3):357-60, 2005
                                                                                          5. Grebenc ML et al: Cardiac myxoma: imaging features in 83 patients. Radiographics. 22(3):673-89, 2002
                                                                                          6. Spuentrup E et al: Visualization of cardiac myxoma mobility with real-time spiral magnetic resonance imaging. Circulation. 104(19):E101-1, 2001
                                                                                          7. Araoz PA et al: CT and MR imaging of benign primary cardiac neoplasms with echocardiographic correlation. Radiographics. 20(5):1303-19, 2000