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Cardiomyopathy
Michael D. Puchalski, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Pathology

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Abbreviations

            • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM)
            • Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM)
          • Synonyms

            • HCM: Idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis (IHSS)
            • HCM: Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM)
          • Definitions

            • HCM
              • Primary disorder of cardiac muscle
                • Thickened but nondilated left ventricle (LV)
                • Absence of another cardiac or systemic disease capable of producing hypertrophy
            • DCM
              • Dilated heart with decreased systolic function
              • Final common pathway for diverse disease processes that lead to heart failure

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Echocardiographic Findings

              • Imaging Recommendations

                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                  PATHOLOGY

                  • General Features

                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                    • Presentation

                      • Demographics

                        • Natural History & Prognosis

                          • Treatment

                            DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                            • Consider

                              • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                Selected References

                                1. Weber R et al: Spectrum and outcome of primary cardiomyopathies diagnosed during fetal life. JACC Heart Fail. 2(4):403-11, 2014
                                2. Mongiovì M et al: Diagnosis and prognosis of fetal cardiomyopathies: a review. Curr Pharm Des. 16(26):2929-34, 2010
                                3. Yinon Y et al: Fetal cardiomyopathy--in utero evaluation and clinical significance. Prenat Diagn. 27(1):23-8, 2007
                                4. Barth PG et al: X-linked cardioskeletal myopathy and neutropenia (Barth syndrome): an update. Am J Med Genet A. 126(4):349-54, 2004
                                5. Huhta JC: Guidelines for the evaluation of heart failure in the fetus with or without hydrops. Pediatr Cardiol. 25(3):274-86, 2004
                                6. Karatza AA et al: Isolated non-compaction of the ventricular myocardium: prenatal diagnosis and natural history. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 21(1):75-80, 2003
                                7. Pedra SR et al: Fetal cardiomyopathies: pathogenic mechanisms, hemodynamic findings, and clinical outcome. Circulation. 106(5):585-91, 2002
                                Related Anatomy
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                                Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                References
                                Tables

                                Tables

                                KEY FACTS

                                • Terminology

                                  • Imaging

                                    • Pathology

                                      • Clinical Issues

                                        TERMINOLOGY

                                        • Abbreviations

                                          • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM)
                                          • Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM)
                                        • Synonyms

                                          • HCM: Idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis (IHSS)
                                          • HCM: Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM)
                                        • Definitions

                                          • HCM
                                            • Primary disorder of cardiac muscle
                                              • Thickened but nondilated left ventricle (LV)
                                              • Absence of another cardiac or systemic disease capable of producing hypertrophy
                                          • DCM
                                            • Dilated heart with decreased systolic function
                                            • Final common pathway for diverse disease processes that lead to heart failure

                                        IMAGING

                                        • General Features

                                          • Echocardiographic Findings

                                            • Imaging Recommendations

                                              DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                PATHOLOGY

                                                • General Features

                                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                  • Presentation

                                                    • Demographics

                                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                        • Treatment

                                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                          • Consider

                                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                              Selected References

                                                              1. Weber R et al: Spectrum and outcome of primary cardiomyopathies diagnosed during fetal life. JACC Heart Fail. 2(4):403-11, 2014
                                                              2. Mongiovì M et al: Diagnosis and prognosis of fetal cardiomyopathies: a review. Curr Pharm Des. 16(26):2929-34, 2010
                                                              3. Yinon Y et al: Fetal cardiomyopathy--in utero evaluation and clinical significance. Prenat Diagn. 27(1):23-8, 2007
                                                              4. Barth PG et al: X-linked cardioskeletal myopathy and neutropenia (Barth syndrome): an update. Am J Med Genet A. 126(4):349-54, 2004
                                                              5. Huhta JC: Guidelines for the evaluation of heart failure in the fetus with or without hydrops. Pediatr Cardiol. 25(3):274-86, 2004
                                                              6. Karatza AA et al: Isolated non-compaction of the ventricular myocardium: prenatal diagnosis and natural history. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 21(1):75-80, 2003
                                                              7. Pedra SR et al: Fetal cardiomyopathies: pathogenic mechanisms, hemodynamic findings, and clinical outcome. Circulation. 106(5):585-91, 2002